Ph.D. University College of North Wales, Bangor, UK 1984
- Plant Population Biology
- Forest Ecology
- Urban Ecology
The spatial and temporal structure of habitat strongly influences the distribution, abundance, and reproductive success of plants. For example, the patchy distribution of forest, agriculture, and suburbs can influence the patterns of invasion by exotic species, regeneration of native species following disturbance, epidemic spread of pathogens, and responses of herb species to human disturbance. The deciduous forests of southern Ohio provide an ideal laboratory to examine these processes. I work primarily with forest herbs (we have a world-class wildflower community), but also with deciduous tree species, invasive exotics, and soil-dwelling invertebrates. Much of this work is directed to forest conservation and management.
I enjoy working with research students, and welcome inquiries from interested undergraduates and graduates.
Faculty Research Focus Areas: Eastern Deciduous Forest Ecology
Current and Recent Student Research Projects
- Roadside tree microclimate and pavement effects
- Interactions of plant mobility, habitat turnover, and habitat spatial structure (modeling)
- Long-term impacts of land use in forests of SE Ohio
- Urban Forests: Effects of street trees on urban microclimate and hardscape
- Plant invasions as a community assembly process
- Interactions of clonal growth and local environmental heterogeneity
- Dispersal of forest herbs by animals
College of Arts and Sciences Outstanding Teaching Award 2008
- PBIO 1090 Americans and their Forests
- PBIO 4350/5350 Plant Population Biology
- PBIO 3220/5220 Tropical Ecology
- Curriculum Chair
- College of Arts & Sciences Curriculum Committee
- Associate Editor, Journal of Ecology
- Biodiversity Management Planning, Wayne National Forest
Redwood, M.E. G.R. Matlack, and C.D. Huebner. 2018. Seed longevity and dormancy state in an invasive tree species: Ailanthus altissima. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, in press. DOI not available yet. A copy will be provided on request.
Holmes, M.A. and G.R. Matlack. 2018. Assembling the forest herb community after abandonment from agriculture: long-term successional dynamics differ with land-use history. Journal of Ecology, 106:2121–2131.
Redwood, M.E., G.R. Matlack, and C.D. Huebner. 2018. Seed longevity and dormancy state suggest management strategies for garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) and Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum) in deciduous forest sites. Weed Science, 66: 190-198
Holmes, M.A. and G.R. Matlack. 2017. Forest structure develops through time: physical and biotic heterogeneity following abandonment from two forms of agriculture. Forest Ecology and Management, 404: 55-64.
Niederhauser EC and G.R. Matlack 2017. Secondary dispersal of forest herb seeds from raccoon dung: Contrasting service by multiple vectors. Plant Ecology, 218: 1135-1147
Holmes, M.A. and G.R. Matlack. 2017. Agricultural history drives structure and tree-species composition of second growth forest over 100 years in southeastern Ohio, USA. Journal of Vegetation Science, 28: 736–746.
Niederhauser, E.C. and G.R. Matlack 2017. Do deer and raccoons defecate in the right place? Fitness consequences of vertebrate seed dispersal for a deciduous forest herb. Oecologia, 183: 727-737
Holmes, M.A. and G.R. Matlack. 2017. Forest structure develops through time: physical and biotic heterogeneity following abandonment from two forms of agriculture. Forest Ecology and Management, in press.
Niederhauser EC and G.R. Matlack 2017. Secondary dispersal of forest herb seeds from raccoon dung: Contrasting service by multiple vectors. Plant Ecology, in press.
Matlack G.R., Naik B., Khoury I., Sinha G. 2016. Trees and pavement: a review of the effect of roadside trees on pavement performance and driving condition. Report to the Ohio Department of Transportation; Dec. 8, 2016. 54 pages.
Redwood, M.E., G.R. Matlack, C.D. Huebner. 2016. Seed longevity and dormancy state in a disturbance-dependent forest herb, Ageratina altissima. Seed Science Research, 26: 148 – 152
Niederhauser, E.C. and G.R. Matlack. 2016. Do deer and raccoons defecate in the right place? Fitness consequences of vertebrate seed dispersal for a deciduous forest herb. Oecologia, in press.
Niederhauser, E.C. and G.R. Matlack. 2015. All frugivores are not equal: Exploitation competition determines seed survival and germination in a fleshy-fruited forest herb. Plant Ecology, in press.
Matlack, GR. 2015. Managing fire in the mesic deciduous forest when fire history is unknown: response to Stambaugh et al. Conservation Biology, 29: 947-949.
Schweizer, P.E. and G.R. Matlack. 2014. Factors driving land use change and forest distribution on the outer coastal plain of Mississippi, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning, 121: 55–64.
Matlack, G.R. 2013. Reassessment of the use of fire as a management tool in deciduous forests of eastern North America. Conservation Biology, 27: 916-926.
K.E. Hougen and G.R. Matlack. 2012. Long-term effects of land use history on species composition in post-industrial forests of southeastern Ohio, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 269: 279–292..
Matlack, G.R. and J.E. Schaub. 2011. Long-term persistence and spatial assortment of nonnative plant species in deciduous forests of varying age. Ecography, 34: 649-658.
Miller, N.P. and G.R. Matlack. 2010. Real-time spread of an invasive grass, Microstegium vimineum: a test of the channeled diffusion model. Diversity and Distributions, 16: 816-826.
Matlack G.R. 2009 Long-term changes in second-growth forest soils following abandonment from agriculture. Journal of Biogeography, in press.
Christen D.C. and G.R. Matlack. 2009. The habitat and conduit functions of roads in the spread of three invasive plant species. Biological Invasions, 11: 453-465.
Matlack, G.R. and R. McEwan. 2008. Forest In My Neighborhood: Using Personal Experience To Engage Students In Land Use History. American Biology Teacher, 70: 13-17. (listed as “Editors Choice” in the Botanical Society of America’s Plant Science Bulletin, Summer 2008, Volume 54, Number 2).