Subaward Monitoring and Management - D11
The purpose of this procedure is to execute the OHIO obligation regarding the proper monitoring and stewardship of sponsored funds when those funds are used to issue a subaward to a subrecipient. As a condition of an award made to OHIO, the University is obligated to comply with applicable federal, state, and local regulations. When the University assigns responsibility to a subrecipient for conducting a substantive portion of the work under an OHIO award, the University remains responsible to the sponsor for the management of funds and meeting performance goals. Thus, the monitoring of technical and financial activities associated with a subrecipient is an integral part of the University’s stewardship of sponsor funds.
It is the Principal Investigator’s (PI) responsibility to monitor the programmatic and financial activities of Subrecipients to ensure proper stewardship of sponsor funds, performance goals (scope of work or specific aims) are achieved, and compliance with the terms and conditions of the subrecipient agreement.
OHIO will ensure compliance with any restrictions on transactions with foreign individuals or entities as required by federal law, e.g., Executive Order 13224 of September 23, 2001, Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten To Commit, or Support Terrorism.
OHIO Principal Investigator or key personnel who have a significant financial interest in the subrecipient entity will disclose the interest to the OHIO’s Research Compliance office and, when appropriate, prepare and submit a conflict-of-interest management plan for review and approval.
This procedure applies to all sponsored projects subject to OU Policy 19.045 Administering External Grants and Contracts set up as separate accounts in the OHIO Financial Management System (FMS).
Subrecipient and Contractor Determinations
OHIO must make case-by-case determinations whether each agreement it makes for the disbursement of Federal program funds casts the party receiving the funds in the role of a subrecipient, professional service provider, or supplier. For consistency in the treatment of cost categories, use these guidelines for all sponsored projects, including non-Federal sponsors.
When external resources are necessary to complete a project, the PI/PD will identify the providing entity (when known), scope of work, cost, deliverables, etc. The PI/PD will refer to the Federal Demonstration Partnership (FDP) online tools to determine if the procurement is a professional service, supply, or subaward and whether or not the procurement is subject to Finance Purchasing contracting guidelines. Software development services are subject to further evaluation by OIT prior to procurement, see OHIO technology review for more information.
An OHIO relationship with a subrecipient is documented in an agreement negotiated on behalf of the University by the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs (ORSP) and the authorized representative of the subrecipient organization.
Federal Demonstration Partnership (FDP)
OHIO uses the FDP subaward templates and Forms to expedite and streamline federal subaward review. The templates are considered an ongoing FDP demonstration. FDP workgroups monitor federal developments and make necessary updates. The templates are not meant to be edited.
Risk of Non-compliance Assessment
The PI will identify subrecipients during the proposal process in the line-item budget. The ORSP Sponsored Programs Manager (SPM) will perform a preliminary check through visual compliance and SAM that the subrecipient listed in the budget is authorized to receive funds.
The SPM is responsible for ensuring the Subrecipient provides all the necessary documents for inclusion in the proposal (see procedure B05.10 Budget Preparation – subrecipient costs for further instructions).
Upon receipt of the Notice of Award (NOA) from the sponsor, the SPM will process the request for an account setup from Grants Accounting and forward the Subrecipient Pre-award Checklist from the proposal to the Subaward Manager (SM).
The SM will complete a second visual compliance check upon receipt of the NOA and Subrecipient Pre-award Checklist. If eligible, the SM will continue with the subaward process. If not eligible, the SM will notify the SPM that the University is unable to work with the vendor. The SPM will work with the PI to establish alternate solutions.
The SM verifies the supplier/payee (subrecipient) is established in BobcatBuy. To ensure the supplier/payee is paid correctly, the supplier/payee payment information in the contract must match what is in the Oracle system. If the subrecipient is not listed in BobcatBuy, the SM will follow the process for new supplier/payee setup. If the supplier/payee is already in BobcatBuy, the SM will continue with the subaward process.
The SM will look up the Subrecipient in SAM to ensure eligibility to receive federal funds. If eligible, the SM will continue with the subaward process. If not eligible, the SM will notify the SPM that the University is unable to work with the supplier/payee. The SPM will work with the PI to establish alternate solutions.
The SM will ensure the Subrecipient has completed the Subrecipient Risk Assessment Questionnaire. The SM assesses the subrecipient’s financial status and internal controls by using the Subrecipient Risk Analysis tool. Based on this evaluation, the SM determines the appropriate monitoring strategy which is reflected in the terms and conditions of the subrecipient agreement. The strategy is consistent with the level of risk determined by the University.
New Supplier/Payee Setup Process
When the Subrecipient is not listed in BobcatBuy, the SM sends the Supplier form, W-9, 3B forms to the Subrecipient organization POC for completion. Once the forms are returned, the SM saves the forms in a secure folder designated for supplier and W-9 forms. These forms are retained until the purchase order has been established in case there are questions. The SM completes the risk of non-compliance assessment.
An agreement is prepared and sent to the subrecipient for review and signature. In some cases, a subrecipient may not sign the agreement; therefore, ORSP does not send a request for vendor setup to Procurement until the agreement is fully executed.
Once the agreement has been fully executed, the SM sends the supplier and W-9 forms to procurement by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Procurement will set up the vendor in the system and notify ORSP by email when complete. The SM then sends a request for purchase order to Grants and Contracts Accounting.
Subaward Agreement Negotiation and Execution
When the Subrecipient is already established in BobcatBuy, the SM will send Attachment 3B to the Subrecipient organization POC for completion. The SM will draft a subaward agreement using the appropriate FDP template.
The subaward agreement will define the terms and conditions with which the Subrecipient will abide. It will also include necessary flow down clauses as required by the prime award agreement; a copy of which will be included in the sub-award agreement. The SM will forward the subaward package for signature to the Authorized Organization Representative (AOR) of each party.
Upon receipt of the fully executed subaward, the SM will request a purchase order from Grants Accounting. Funds will be encumbered against the account at the point of acceptance and signature of the subaward by the subrecipient's institutional official and final signature by Ohio University's institutional official.
Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (2006)
In accordance with Federal Acquisition Regulation clause 52.204-10 (Reporting Executive Compensation and First-Tier Sub-contract Awards), Prime Contractors awarded a federal contract or order are required to file a FFATA sub-award report by the end of the month following the month in which the prime contractor awards any sub-contract greater than $30,000.
The FFATA Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) is the reporting tool Federal prime awardees (i.e. prime contractors and prime grants recipients) use to capture and report subaward and executive compensation data regarding their first-tier subawards to meet the FFATA reporting requirements. Prime contract awardees will report against sub-contracts awarded and prime grant awardees will report against sub-grants awarded. The sub-award information entered in FSRS will then be displayed on www.USASpending.gov associated with the prime award furthering Federal spending transparency. The SM prepares the FFATA sub-award report each month, as required by regulation.
Payment of Invoices
The Subrecipient will follow the invoicing instructions indicated in the subaward (Line Item #2 in the FDP template). Unless otherwise indicated, subrecipient shall submit invoices not more often than monthly and not less frequently than quarterly for allowable costs incurred. Upon the receipt of proper invoices, Ohio University agrees to process payments in accordance with this Subaward and 2 CFR 200.305-Payment. All invoices shall be submitted to Ohio University Grants Accounting using Subrecipient’s standard invoice, but at a minimum shall include current and cumulative costs (including cost sharing), breakdown by major cost category, Subaward number, and certification, as required in 2 CFR 200.415(a)-Required Certifications. Invoices that do not reference Ohio University’s Purchase Order number shall be returned to Subrecipient. Invoices and questions concerning invoice receipt or payments shall be directed to the party's Contact, shown in Attachment 3A of the subaward.
A final statement of cumulative costs incurred, including cost sharing, marked "FINAL" must be submitted to Ohio University’s Contact, as shown in Attachment 3A, unless otherwise indicated, not later than 60 days after the final budget period end date or each budget period end date as indicated in the subaward. The final statement of costs shall constitute Subrecipient's final financial report. The final report shall include the following statement by the Subrecipient: “By signing this report, I certify to the best of my knowledge and belief that the report is true, complete, and accurate, and the expenditures disbursements and cash receipts are for the purposes and objectives set forth in the terms and conditions of the award. I am aware that any false, fictitious, or fraudulent information, or the omission of any material fact, may subject me to criminal, civil or administrative penalties for fraud, false statements, false claims or otherwise.”
A final statement of cumulative costs incurred, including cost sharing, marked "FINAL" must be submitted to PTE’s financial contact, as indicated in clause 3 of the subaward agreement (Line Item #2 in the FDP template-2 CFR 200.415 Required Certifications). The final statement of costs shall constitute Subrecipient's final financial report. The final report shall include the following statement by the Subrecipient: “By signing this report, I certify to the best of my knowledge and belief that the report is true, complete, and accurate, and the expenditures disbursements and cash receipts are for the purposes and objectives set forth in the terms and conditions of the award. I am aware that any false, fictitious, or fraudulent information, or the omission of any material fact, may subject me to criminal, civil or administrative penalties for fraud, false statements, false claims or otherwise.”
Payment may be withheld until receipt of reports, cost-share documentation and/or closeout documentation, which aligns with the approved subaward recipient's award and budget (Line Item #4 in the FDP template). The Subrecipient retains all documentation of expenses and a detailed invoice is required by Ohio University.
The Ohio University PI/PD will review and will either contact the subrecipient with questions or process for payment by writing "Approved to Pay" and signing and dating the invoice. Before approving an invoice for payment, the PI is responsible for ensuring the subrecipient has: (1) met the expectations outlined in the subaward agreement's scope of work and budget, (2) submitted required technical reports, and (3) submitted sufficient cost-sharing statements (if applicable).
The PI is responsible for ensuring the Subrecipient submits all required technical reports in accordance with the subaward agreement for approval. The PI retains these reports as support documentation for his/her project.
Should the subaward recipient request changes be made to the original subaward agreement or purchase order, the SPM will review prime award terms and conditions for allowance and obtain PI's approval of requested changes, and seek permission from the prime sponsor (if required). Once all details are managed, the SM will issue an amendment or modification to address those aspects of the agreement and related materials which need to change.
The Conflict-of-Interest Committee will identify and recommend the means to eliminate or manage any conflict of interest arising from a proposed subaward by the University to an entity in which the University or an OHIO faculty member has a financial interest or fiduciary relationship.
The PI/PD is responsible for monitoring the costs and activities of subrecipient as appropriate, to confirm that funding provided to the subrecipient is used for purposes authorized by the executed agreement and that the performance goals (scope of work or specific aims) are achieved.
Upon receipt of an unfavorable audit report from a subrecipient, Grants Accounting is responsible for confirming that the subrecipient has taken appropriate and timely corrective action. If a material weakness or other reportable condition exists, monitoring of the subrecipient will be more frequent and management actions will be taken as appropriate.
Grants Accounting will consider whether subrecipient audits necessitate adjustment of the University’s financial records and/or subaward terms and conditions.
As per the terms and conditions of the subaward, each subrecipient will permit OHIO’s sponsor and/or the University Grants Accounting and its auditors/representatives to have access to the subrecipient’s pertinent records and financial statements, as necessary. Where it is not possible to obtain this access, alternate solutions may be considered but generally would require the approval of the prime sponsor.
Grants Accounting will confirm that subrecipients expending $750,000 or more during the subrecipient’s fiscal year in Federal awards have a single or program-specific audit conducted for that year in accordance with 2 CFR 200 Subpart F - Audit Requirements. Grants Accounting will identify any material weaknesses or reportable conditions that result from a single audit.
Upon completion of the subaward agreement, the Subrecipient must follow the closeout procedures defined in the subaward agreement (Line item #. The final invoice and closeout documents must be sent to Grants Accounting. Grants Accounting will process the final invoice for payment and close the purchase order. Approval of the final invoice by the PI will serve as approval to completely close out the sub-award agreement.
Prior to final payment and closeout, ensure OHIO receives all financial, property, patent, and other sponsored required reports from the subrecipient, and verify for accuracy.
Training is available through ORSP upon request. Submit request for training to ORSP@ohio.edu.
Forms and Templates
Roles and Responsibilities
OMB 2 CFR §200.331 Subrecipient and contractor determinations
OMB 2 CFR §200.332 Requirements for pass-through entities