Supporting and Empowering Marginalized Students

Supporting Students


For students who already face feelings of marginalization, varied instructional formats (face-to-face, hybrid, or online) can amplify existing biases and marginalization.

For example, some may consider online spaces to be “color-blind” environments, as an equalizer for students with visible identity markers, it does not negate implicit bias in the classroom. As we head into a fall semester that will require great flexibility, it is particularly challenging to create classroom environments that are equitable and inclusive and to be cognizant of the ways marginalization may impact students. This is true of students with both visible and non-visible social identities as well, including LGBTQ+ students and students with accessibility needs.

As you think about supporting students who may have feelings of marginalization, always remember: Inclusive teaching has universal benefits for all students!


In the News: Supporting and Empowering Marginalized Students

Scholarly Articles

Ohito, E. O. (2016). Making the Emperor’s New Clothes Visible in Anti-Racist Teacher Education: Enacting a Pedagogy of Discomfort with White Preservice Teachers. Equity & Excellence in Education, 49(4), 454–467. 

Schmid, M. E., Gillian-Daniel, D. L., Kraemer, S., & Kueppers, M. (2016). Promoting Student Academic Achievement through Faculty Development about Inclusive Teaching. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 48(5), 16–25.

Sue, D. W., Alsaidi, S., Awad, M. N., Glaeser, E., Calle, C. Z., & Mendez, N. (2019). Disarming racial microaggressions: Microintervention strategies for targets, White allies, and bystanders. American Psychologist, 74(1), 128-142.

Social Justice and Equity Web Sites

Anti-Defamation League

Southern Poverty Law Center

National Center for Institutional Diversity - University of Michigan 

Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity - Ohio State University 

Additional Resources

Your Big Questions About Race, answered (CNN)

Inclusion, Equity, and Access While Teaching Remotely 

Creating Safe Spaces for Communication 

Managing Hot Moments in the Classroom

Unmasking Racism: Students of Color and Expressions of Racism in Online Spaces 

Responding to Microaggressions and Bias

A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions

Tool: Recognizing Microaggressions and the Messages They Send