Short-Term Scholar: Category Details
The Short-Term Scholar Category
The J-1 Exchange Visitor non-immigrant visa was created for individuals approved to participate in exchange programs in the United States. Ohio University has permission to issue visa paperwork for a number of exchange visitor categories. The Short-Term Scholar category is generally used for short visits to the university for the purposes of academic exchange and collaboration.
The following are some of the details of this category.
- There is no required minimum duration
- Maximum duration is 6 months
- The visitor must be invited by a host department
- The visitor may be paid by the university, or may bring funding from other sources
- Extensions of the program are possible, but only up to the 6 month maximum
- This visa cannot be used for tenure-track positions
Special Conditions on the Short-Term Scholar Category
Two Year Home Residence Requirement
Some J-1 Exchange Visitors (and their dependents) will be subject to the Two Year Home Residence Requirement, also known as INA 212(e). If subject, this rule requires the J visa holder to spend a total of two years in their home country before becoming eligible to obtain H, K, or L visa status, or to become a Permanent Resident of the U.S. It also prevents exchange visitors from applying for a change of status within the U.S.
There are several ways that a J scholar may become subject to the 212(e):
- The J program is financed directly by the U.S. government
- The J program is financed by the visitor’s home government
- The exchange visitor’s country and field are designated on the Exchange Visitor Skills List
In some circumstances it is possible to request a waiver of the Two Year Home Residence Requirement. ISSS is not able to advise on this process. Details and instructions can be found on the Department of State website.