Ohio University

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  • State of Ohio

    First Amendment of the Constitution of Ohio

    “Every citizen may freely speak, write, and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of the right; and no law shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech, or of the press.”

    Ohio Revised Code 3345.0214 Report regarding free expression of students and student groups

  • Federal Guidelines/Supreme Court Cases

    First Amendment of the Constitution of the United states

    “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Case Law

  • Sweezy v. New Hampshire (1957) — Academic freedom
  • Healy v. James (1972) — Constitutional free speech protections apply on state university campuses
  • Widmar v. Vincent (1981) — Religious groups have same access to public facilities
  • Doe v. University of Michigan (1989) — Strikes down speech codes. Cannot punish speech just because it is offensive
  • Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969) — Government cannot punish inflammatory speech unless that speech is “directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless actions and is likely to incite or produce such action