IAPE Resources


(A) International Law:

China and Brazil sign joint statement on Paris Agreement (May 20, 2015)

Petersburg Climate Dialogue VI: Outcomes (May 19, 2015)

Is the Lima deal a travesty of global climate justice? (The Guardian, December 15, 2014)

World on Track to New Universal Climate Agreement with Lima Call for Climate Action (www.unep.org, December 14, 2014)

"Paris 2015: Getting a Global Agreement on Climate Change"  (Report by Green Alliance, 2014)

Environmental Rule of Law: "A Global Symposium on Environmental Rule of Law, held at the first United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) in Nairobi, brought together Chief Justices, Heads of Jurisdiction, Attorneys General, Auditors General, Chief Prosecutors, lawyers and legal experts to raise awareness of the role of environmental law as an indispensable tool in achieving sustainable development and a Green Economy." (Symposium held June, 2014)

(B) Climate Change, Corporations, Economics & Politics

Corporate Power Ratchet: The Courts' Role in Eroding 'We the People's' Ability to Constrain Our Corporate Creations, by Leo E. Strine Jr. (October 2015)

International Chamber of Commerce perspective on the 2015 UN Climate Agreement and international climate change policy (www.iccwbo.org, read on May 22, 2015)

"The International Chamber of Commerce recognizes that it is now time to take urgent action to tackle climate change on all fronts. The consequences of not reducing greenhouse gas emissions in line with IPCC recommendations will create significant risks for people, the environment, and our economies."

"Shell Oil's Cold Calculations for a Warming World" (New York Times, May 18, 2015)

"Global Warming's Terrifying New Math"(Influential article by Bill McKibben, in Rolling Stone, July 19, 2012)

"People, Corporations, Economic Decisions, and Political Speech," by Gerhard Barone & Kent Hickman, Atl Econ J (2012) 40:219–220.   The authors argue that the U.S. Supreme Court decision, "Citizens United v. FEC," has aggravated serious problems: "For example, for-profit corporations have no incentive to consider un-priced externalities, like pollution, since fixing pollution is costly and lowers profit. Similar arguments can be made for other market failures, such as monopolies. Even worse, for-profit corporations have a clear incentive to perpetuate market failures in these situations."  They argue that such corporations are obligated to base their expenditure decisions solely on a project’s expected effect on wealth, and that the court's decision empowers such corporations to use their wealth to defeat attempts to take the political action necessary to remedy such market failures.

Global Investor Statement on Climate Change:  September 18, 2014

Fixing Climate Change May Add No Costs, Report Says (New York Times, September 16, 2014)

Green Recovery: A Program to Create Good Jobs and Start Building a Low-Carbon Economy (Political Economy Research Institute, September, 2008)

(C) Fossil Fuels

Doctors and Academics Call for Ban on "Inherently Risky" Fracking (The Guardian, March 30, 2015)

Falling Oil Price “Changing Whole Dynamic” for Tar Sands (Oil Change International, November 6, 2014)  "CTI [CarbonTracker Initiative] have calculated that a whopping $271 billion could be wasted on the tar sands if oil prices continue to fall. ...  The message to shareholders in the report is blunt: 'We believe shareholders should be concerned at this potential level of expenditure and should consider whether it is prudent to risk such large amounts of capital on high cost projects that need high oil prices to be commercial.'  As if to make the point, profits for the Canadian Oil Sands company plummeted during the third financial quarter of this year by $149 million compared with the same quarter in 2013."

The Environmental Costs and Benefits of Fracking (Annual Reviews of Environmental Resources, 2014)

"A bridge to nowhere:  methane emissions and the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas"(Robert W. Howarth, May 2014):   http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ese3.35/full

"Methane burned vs. methane leaked: Fracking’s impact on climate change": http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/02/methane-burned-vs-methane-leaked-frackings-impact-on-climate-change/2/

Report by Exxon Mobil Corporation (2014): "Energy and Carbon -- Managing the Risks"

Response by Oil Change International to Exxon's report, “Energy and Carbon -- Managing the Risks": "Exxon to World: Drop Dead"

How to Profit from CO2 Emissions (Scientific American, video dated March 26, 2014)

The Ins and Outs of Fracking and Underground Waste Injection Wells (John Freeland, July 31, 2013, on American Geophysical Union: Blogosphere)

Seismologist: Fracking Injection Wells Linked to Earthquakes (September 13, 2014)

Map of Ohio showing locations of wells drilled for natural gas (2014): http://www.slideshare.net/MarcellusDN/odnr-map-showing-utica-shale-wells-permitted-drilled-in-ohio-as-of-9614

Commissioner impressed by injection well tour (Athens Messenger, June 23, 2014, on www.athensohiotoday.com)

Anti-injection well protest under way near Athens (Akron Beacon Journal, June 5, 2014, on www.ohio.com)

Environmentalists cry foul in regulation of injection wells (March 19, 2013, on www.shalereporter.com)