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Baker Peace Conference to discuss 'United States and Global Hegemony'
Zbigniew Brzezinski to deliver keynote address

By Debbie Ehrman

"The United States and Global Hegemony" will be the focus of the annual Baker Peace Conference at Ohio University on April 1-2. The conference will examine the strategic, economic, and ideological roles of the United States in contemporary world affairs.

Zbigniew Brzezinski"This topic could not be more timely," said Michael Grow, director of the Contemporary History Institute, which organized the conference in collaboration with the Baker Peace Studies Program. "Ohio soldiers are currently fighting to promote regime change and democratization in Iraq and Afghanistan, while our state reels from record job losses due to U.S. free trade policies and outsourcing. U.S. international policies have seldom generated more heated controversy at home and abroad."

Conference panels on Friday, April 2, will feature as speakers some of the nation's most prominent analysts of U.S. foreign relations and international economic policy. Each panel has been carefully constructed to reflect a broad range of competing viewpoints. "The end result," Grow said, "promises to be a serious, lively, high-level debate about the appropriate U.S. role in the world of the early 21st century."

Former U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski will deliver the keynote address at 7:30 p.m., Thursday, April 1, in Templeton-Blackburn Alumni Memorial Auditorium. Brzezinski is one of the United States' most respected analysts of US policy and world affairs. He served as National Security Adviser in the Carter administration from 1977-1981. Following his four years in the White House, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his role in strengthening US?Chinese relations and for his contributions to the human rights and national security policies of the United States.

Brzezinski has written extensively on the topic of U.S. foreign relations. His most recent books include "The Choice: Global Domination or Global Leadership" (2004) and "The Geostrategic Triad: Living with China, Europe, and Russia" (2001). Brzezinski is currently a counselor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC, and he also holds the Robert E. Osgood Chair in American Foreign Policy at the Johns Hopkins University's Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. He is a frequent public speaker, commentator on major domestic and foreign TV programs, and contributor to domestic and foreign newspapers and journals.

Contemporary History Institute Speaker Series

April 1-2
Baker Peace Conference

"The United States and Global Hegemony"
Keynote Speaker: Zbigniew Brzezinski, U.S. National Security Adviser, Carter Administration, 1977-1981

Thursday, April 15
Jeremi Suri, University of Wisconsin-Madison

"Power and Protest: Global Revolution and the Rise of Detente"
4:10 PM, Brown House Seminar Room

Thursday, May 6
Wang Gungwu, Director, East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore
"Systems and Cultures: A Perspective on Recent Chinese History"
4:10 PM, 1804 Lounge, Baker Center

Thursday, May 20
Richard Herrmann, Director, Mershon Center, Ohio State University
"How the Cold War Ended"
4:10 PM, Brown House Seminar Room

Conference panels will take place in the Baker University Center Ballroom on Friday, April 2. Panel topics and participants are:

PANEL 1: Strategic Hegemony and US National Security
9:15 a.m. ? 11:45 a.m.

Leon Fuerth was national-security adviser to Vice President Al Gore during both terms of the Clinton administration, with responsibilities that included membership on the Principals' Committee of the National Security Council. From 2001-2003 he was the J. B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor International Affairs at George Washington University. He is currently a Research Professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington, where he heads the "Foreward Engagement" program for the study of long-range policy analysis.

Michael Ledeen, Resident Scholar in the Freedom Chair at the American Enterprise Institute, is an influential analyst of contemporary history and international affairs. During the Reagan administration, he served as a consultant to the National Security Council and the Secretary of Defense, and was also a special adviser to the Secretary of State. He is the author of 12 books, most recently "The War Against the Terror Masters" (2003).

John Mearsheimer is the R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science and co-director of the Program on International Security Policy at the University of Chicago. He has written extensively about security issues and international politics. His most recent book, "The Tragedy of Great Power Politics" (2001), was the recipient of the Joseph Lepgold book prize.

PANEL 2: Economic Hegemony: Globalization and U.S. National Economic Self-Interest
1 p.m. ? 3 p.m.

Patrick Choate was vice-presidential candidate of Ross Perot's Reform Party in 1996. An economist and former senior official of the US Department of Commerce, he is the author of "Save Your Job, Save Our Country: Why NAFTA Must Be Stopped ? Now (1993) and Agents Of Influence" (1990).

Brink Lindsey is the director of the Center for Trade Policy Studies at the CATO Institute in Washington, DC. He is the author of "Against the Dead Hand: The Uncertain Struggle for Global Capitalism" (2002).

Lori Wallach is the founding director of Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch, a Ralph Nader organization. Organizer of the 1999 Seattle anti-globalization protest, she is co-author of "Whose Trade Organization? The Comprehensive Guide to the WTO" (2004).

PANEL 3: Ideological Hegemony: Exporting American Democracy
3:15 p.m. ? 5:15 p.m.

Akira Iriye is the Charles Warren Professor of American History at Harvard University. His books include Cultural Internationalism and World Order (1997) and The Globalizing of America (1993).

Edward Mansfield is the Hum Rosen Professor of Political Science and director of the Christopher H. Browne Center for International Politics at the University of Pennsylvania. He is co-author of Democratization and War (forthcoming) and The Evolution of Political Knowledge: Democracy, Autonomy, and Conflict in Comparative and International Politics (2004).

Allen Weinstein is the former president of the Center for Democracy in Washington, D.C. and currently directs the Center for Democratic Initiatives at the International Foundation for Election Systems.

The Baker Peace Conference is an annual event that brings together national experts to discuss significant policy issues related to peace. The first Baker Peace Conference took place in 1984, two years after Dr. John C. Baker, the University's President from 1945 to 1962, and his late wife Elizabeth established the John and Elizabeth Baker Peace Studies Endowment to encourage the education of students and the general public in the means by which peace can be established and maintained throughout the world. Recent Baker Peace Conferences have focused on "US Energy Consumption and the Environment," "War Crimes, Justice and Peace," "Prospects for Peace in the New Millennium: Lessons from the 20th Century," and "Chaos, Complexity, and Contemporary History."

The conference is free and open to the public. For a list of scheduled events, visit www.ohio.edu/conhist/events.html. For post-conference summaries of the proceedings, please visit the following weblog at http://athensi.com/blog.

Debbie Ehrman is a student employee in University Communications and Marketing.

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