By Megan Greve and George Mauzy
Organizers say the theme of this year's Baker Peace Conference -- "Engaging China and India: Security, Stability and the Global Economy" -- practically suggested itself.
Ohio University's Contemporary History Institute hosts the annual conference, set this year for April 2 and 3 in Baker University Center, as a means of exploring how peace can be established and maintained throughout the world. Established in 1984, it is funded by the John and Elizabeth Baker Peace Studies Endowment by the late Ohio University president emeritus and his wife.
"With the prices of gas, oil, food and the things we buy from places like Wal-Mart rising every day, the impact that China and India are having on the world is a timely discussion," Steven Miner, director of the Contemporary History Institute, said. "These economic superpowers obviously have a great impact on the rest of the world."
Former U.S. diplomat James R. Lilley will deliver the conference's keynote address at 7:30 p.m. Thursday, April 2, in the Baker University Center Theatre. During his talk, he will discuss the U.S.-China relationship and share some of his war experiences.
Lilley served as an intelligence officer for the CIA during the Korean War, as the U.S. national intelligence officer for China from 1975 to 1978 and as the U.S. ambassador for China from 1989 to 1991. He also has served on the national security staff as the senior officer on East Asia during the Reagan administration and as a U.S. ambassador to South Korea from 1986 to 1989. Lilley is the only American to have served as chief of the American missions on both sides of the Taiwan Strait.
Lilley, who was born in China, also served as a fellow at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government before working as the assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs until 1993. Most recently, he worked as a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute until 2006. He has edited six books on the Chinese military and one on trade with China. His latest book, "China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage and Diplomacy," published in 2004, chronicles his experiences in China.
"James Lilley knows a good bit about China, so I'm sure he will give an interesting presentation on how China will affect the rest of us," Miner said. "Overall, those who attend this conference will learn more about the world they live in and how stable it is."
The conference concludes Friday, April 3, with two panel discussions in Baker University Center. The three-person panels will address international security and social and economic stability in China, India, United States and the rest of the world.
A panel discussion on international security will take place from 9:30 a.m. to noon in Baker University Center Ballroom A. Ohio University Associate Professor of History John Brobst will moderate the panel, which will include:
Ashley Tellis, senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, who specializes in international security, defense and Asian strategic issues. He helped negotiate a civil nuclear agreement with India while working as a senior adviser in the U.S. Department of State and also has served as a senior adviser to the U.S. ambassador for New Delhi. He is the author of the 2001 book "India's Emerging Nuclear Posture" and co-author of the 2000 book "Interpreting China's Grand Strategy: Past, Present, and Future."
Sumit Ganguly, the Rabindranath Tagore Chair in Indian Cultures and Civilizations at Indiana University. This past January, he was presented the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award, which is one of the highest honors available to Indian people living abroad. He is the founding editor of two journals, India Review and Asian Security, and the author, editor or co-editor of at least 12 books on South Asia. He also is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations in New York and the International Institute of Strategic Studies in London and on books about India South Asia.
David Shambaugh is a professor of political science and international affairs and director of the China Policy Program for the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. He is an internationally recognized expert on Chinese affairs and international politics and security in the Asia-Pacific region. He published two books last year, "China's Communist Party: Atrophy and Adaptation; American and European Relations with China" and "The International Relations of Asia."
A panel discussion on social and economic stability will take place from 1:30 to 4 p.m. in Baker University Center Ballroom A. Ingo Trauschweizer of the European University Institute in Italy will moderate the panel, which will include:
James Mann, author-in-residence at Johns Hopkins University's Foreign Policy Institute. His expertise includes American foreign policy, diplomacy, strategic and security issues, and human rights. He has served as a staff writer for The Los Angeles Times, The New Haven (Conn.) Journal-Courier, The Washington Post, Philadelphia Enquirer and Baltimore Sun. At The Times, he also held the positions of Beijing bureau chief, national security correspondent and foreign affairs columnist. Mann has written several books, his latest in 2007, titled "China Fantasy: How Our Leaders explain away Chinese Repression."
Francine Frankel is a professor of political science and founding director of the Center for the Advanced Study of India at the University of Pennsylvania. Her areas of expertise are India's political economy, foreign policy decision-making and power realignments in Asia. She is the author or editor of eight books, including "India's Political Economy, 1947-2004." In 2004, she co-edited "The India-China Relationship: What the United States Needs to Know." Frankel is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and has served on several policy task forces sponsored by the CFR, the Asia Society, the Brookings Institution and the Carnegie Foundation for International Peace.
William Overholt is director of the RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy as well as its chair in Asian policy research. He is also a senior research fellow at the Ash Institute for Democratic Governance and Innovation at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government. He has written about China's economy for the Harvard Law Review and is author of the 1994 book "The Rise of China: How Economic Reform is Creating a New Superpower." In 2005, he testified before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission.