Services

OhioHealth Campus Care at Ohio University

Keeping our campus community healthy

OhioHealth Campus Care physicians and advance practice providers provider student focused care for acute and chronic illnesses. Services available include Campus Quick Care, Primary Care Clinic, Women’s Health Clinic, Allergy Injection and Immunization Clinic, Eating Disorder Support Team, Physicals, Tuberculosis Testing, Transgender Health Services, Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing and Treatment, Emergency Contraception, X-ray, Laboratory and Pharmacy services. OhioHealth Campus Care providers will work with external primary care providers and/or specialists in the monitoring and evaluation of acute or chronic illnesses treated outside of OhioHealth Campus Care.

About Our Services

Specialist Care

If a OhioHealth Campus Care provider determines that a patient needs specialty care not offered at OhioHealth Campus Care, a referral to the appropriate external specialist will be made. Students with the Ohio University Student Injury Sickness Plan through United Health Care Resources are required to get a referral from OhioHealth Campus Care for all specialty care.

We can provide the referral, but it is the student’s responsibility to verify if the specialist is an in-network provider with their insurance company and to understand their insurance coverage.

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Physicals

OhioHealth Campus Care can accommodate the majority of your needs for physical exams. Students are required to bring all necessary documents and a list of requirements for the physical, along with the actual physical form that must be completed and signed by the provider.

Several physicals require a review of immunizations. Please obtain official documentation of these immunizations that include immunization dates prior to your visit to OhioHealth Campus Care.  Physicals will not be performed without proper forms and documentation.

Many physicals require that you have a tuberculosis test. Please confirm if this is a requirement for your physical, and what type of TB is needed (PPD, 1-step, 2-step or IGRA blood test).  You must have the test completed prior to having your physical exam.  Contact OhioHealth Campus Care for TB testing hours. If TB testing is a requirement of a physical, and you do not have the test results with you, the physical will not be completed.

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Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV Testing

We receive many questions about the testing available at OhioHealth Campus Care for sexually transmitted infections. There is no test for “everything” and no test is 100 percent accurate. The following are available STI tests offered at OhioHealth Campus Care.

Chlamydia/Gonorrhea

The specimen for females is collected using a swab. The specimen for a male is a urine sample. Symptoms of infection range from no symptoms, to pain and discharge. If you have no symptoms, but a partner has tested positive, you should also be tested. Treatment will usually only be prescribed with a positive test.

Syphilis

SYPHILIS TESTING AT OHiohealth CAMPUS CARe 

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

This is a blood test. Antibody response is delayed with HIV infection. You should wait for three months after your last new sexual contact before being tested. Symptoms vary, but commonly they include frequent, and perhaps unusual, infections. Free mouth swab testing is available for students who qualify. Please contact OhioHealth Campus Care for details.

Herpes

The specimen for this test is collected using a culture swab. The specimen is taken from an open sore or lesion. A screening specimen can be collected even when no lesions are present, in the form of a screening blood test. Keep in mind that with the screening blood test, if you have ever had a cold sore, or been exposed to a cold sore, you may test positive.

Genital Warts

No test is currently available to screen for genital warts in the absence of obvious disease. If warts are present, treatment can begin immediately.

Trichomoniasis

 

SO THEY CAN KNOW

If you test positive for an STI and need assistance notifying or discussing this with current or past partners, visit the “So They Can Know” information website for help that includes anonymous notification options.

VISIT the "SO THEY CAN KNOW" WEBSITE

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Laboratory

Students enrolled for one (1) or more credit hours can obtain services at the OhioHealth Campus Care laboratory.

Internal laboratory procedures will be billed the student’s medical insurance. Copayments, after insurance balances, and self-pay balances are placed on the students’ MyOHIO student account. Payments for services can be made at OhioHealth Campus Care, the Office of the Bursar, or online through the students MyOHIO account.

Laboratory procedures that cannot be tested at OhioHealth Campus Care will be sent to OhioHealth O’Bleness Laboratory. Medical insurance should be provided by the student to OhioHealth Campus Care at the time of service. As long as the insurance information is provided, OhioHealth Campus Care will submit the information to the external testing site. The student will receive an invoice directly from OhioHealth O’Bleness Health System. The student is responsible for all after-insurance and self-pay balances.  It is the student’s responsibility to provide medical insurance information and understand the insurance coverage.  A $9 collection fee will also be billed to the student's insurance by OhioHealth Campus Care.

Does the laboratory accept orders from external providers?

We accept orders from any medical provider in the United States. If the test is to be done on a routine basis, the provider needs to indicate that this is a “standing order” and they should also specify the frequency. Orders from outside providers are valid for one year after they are written, even if they are standing orders.

Procedure for a student wishing to use an order from an outside provider:

Bring the order to OhioHealth Campus Care or have the order faxed to 740.592.7112 (Attention: Laboratory). The order MUST include the ordering providers contact information and signature. OhioHealth Campus Care cannot do the testing without this information.

At each visit, check-in at first floor registration desk. Patient support associates will collect all pertinent information, including medical insurance information. It is important that medical insurance information is provided or the student will receive a bill from OhioHealth O’Bleness Laboratory for the entire amount.  It is the student’s responsibility to provide medical insurance information and understand the insurance coverage.

The ordering provider will receive the testing results directly from OhioHealth O’Bleness Laboratory. If the ordering provider does not receive the results, please contact OhioHealth O’Bleness Laboratory directly at 740.593.5551 and ask to speak with the Out-patient Laboratory.

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X-Ray

Students enrolled for 1 or more credit hours are eligible to obtain service at the OhioHealt Campus Care Radiology Department. All diagnostic X-rays will be acquired digitally and the computed radiography system will produce a digital X-ray image.

As a courtesy, OhioHealth Campus Care will bill the student’s medical insurance for all X-ray services. It is the student’s responsibility to provide their medical insurance information and understand the insurance coverage. Co-payments, after-insurance balances, and self-pay balances are assessed to the students MyOHIO Student Center. Payment for services can be made at OhioHealth Campus Care, at the Office of the Bursar, or online through the student's MyOHIO account.

If the Radiology Department is closed during clinic hours of operation, OhioHealth Campus Care associates will transport patients to and from OhioHealth O’Bleness Hospital Radiology Department for the X-ray  exam. Please note if you have the university-sponsored student health insurance plan you will be subject to co-pays, deductibles and co-insurance.

A prescription or provider order form must accompany all requested x-rays with the following information on the order:

  • X-ray examination requested
  • Diagnostic reason for the  X-ray
  • Previous history
  • Ordering provider name
  • Patient name
  • Patient date of birth
Abdominal X-rays on Female Patients

It is the policy of OhioHealth Campus Care to avoid  X-ray  examination of the pelvis or abdomen of a potentially pregnant woman. If the date of the  X-ray  exam falls on day 11 or greater of the menstrual cycle, and the provider and patient decide for medical reasons that  X-ray s of the lumbar spine, sacrum, coccyx, abdomen, pelvis or hip are necessary, the patient will be required to have a pregnancy test performed.

Does the X-ray Department accept orders from outside providers?

We accept orders from any licensed medical provider in the United States. Your provider may write you an order or the order can be faxed to 740.592.7112. Please provide information that will allow us to submit a final report to the ordering provider. Orders from outside providers are valid for one year after they are written.

Procedure for a student wishing to use an order from an outside provider:

Bring the order to OhioHealth Campus Care or have the order faxed to 740.592.7112 (Attention: Radiology).

Check in at first floor registration desk. Patient support associates will collect all pertinent information, including medical insurance information, before sending you to the Radiology Department.

The Radiology Department will fax the results to the ordering provider. If the contact information for the requesting provider is not on the order the student should obtain it before coming for the exam.

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Physical Therapy

Physical therapy at OhioHealth Campus Care is provided by Ohio University Therapy Associates, which is affiliated with the Ohio University Division of Physical Therapy. OUTA has been providing physical therapy services and clinical education to southeastern Ohio since 1984. Initially founded as a faculty-based practice, OUTA has provided exemplary services at the student health center since its inception. Ohio University Therapy Associates staffs the Campus Care clinic with two board-certified physical therapists. The OUTA Campus Care clinic serves students with musculoskeletal dysfunction providing rehabilitation for general orthopedic conditions (i.e. ankle and foot pain, knee pain, hip pain, hand/wrist pain, elbow and shoulder pain, sprains/strains, overuse), spine rehabilitation, post-operative care, TMJ dysfunction, gait/running analysis and return to running programs, and orthotic intervention. Our therapists focus on hands-on, one-on-one treatment, with emphasis in manual therapy (i.e. mobilization, manipulation, soft tissue mobilization), therapeutic exercise and return to function. All patients receive an individualized evaluation and treatment plan formulated in conjunction with patient outcome goals.

OUTA at the OhioHealth Campus Care Clinic strives to meet the physical therapy needs of the university community. In addition, OUTA also provides clinical education opportunities for pre-physical therapy and physical therapy students. It is the goal of this organization to provide clinical education settings with the highest standards of practice.

We look forward to working with you!

You can contact the physical therapy department by calling 740.593.4722/ Fax: 740.593.0921

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Gynecology Care where & when you need it: Right here at OU

Gynecologic problems and concerns don't typically wait until breaks and vacations when you can get in to see your provider at home. When you establish with one of our providers, we can help with ongoing issues and are here for you when unexpected concerns arise!

There are multiple ways to access gynecologic care at Campus Care

Campus Quick Care-1st floor walk-in clinic for an acute problem when you need to be seen today

The providers at Campus Quick Care can assess acute gynecologic problems such as vaginitis, urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infection testing and treatment and provide you with emergency contraceptive services, among others. 

Continuity Clinic-2nd floor primary care clinic for a scheduled appointment

The Continuity Clinic provides a comprehensive and holistic approach to gynecologic care. We offer a wide range of services from educations information and preventive care to treatment of more complex gynecologic concerns. Our providers and staff are committed to providing compassionate and individual care to all students, including those who identify as transgender. We welcome students of all backgrounds and lifestyles.

In addition to offering general primary care, Dr. Jane Balbo, Dr. Krista Duval, and nurse practitioner Audrey Larrimer specialize in gynecologic care of young adults and can assess most problems, provide routine annual exams, STI testing and offer all options in contraception, including placement of long acting reversible contracpetives such as Nexplanon, Mirena, Skyla, and Paragard IUD. 

To schedule an appointment for the second floor Continuity Clinic, call 740.592.7100. If this is your first visit to OhioHealth Campus Care, please arrive 15 minutes prior to your scheduled appointment to complete required paperwork. 

Reasons to seek gynecological care:

  • Birth control (IUD's, Implants, Pills, Emergency contraception, etc. check out this website about long-acting reversible contraception: https://www.choiceproject.wustl.edu/ )
  • Sores or bumps on the vulva
  • Vaginal discharge, itching
  • Screening and management of sexually transmitted infections (STI's)
  • Routine cervical cancer screening (Pap tests)
  • Abnormal pap tests in the past
  • Annual well exam
  • Pregnancy testing and nonjudgmental pregnancy options discussion
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Endometriosis evaluation
  • Pelvic pain
  • Painful or too frequent urination
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Premenstrual symptoms
  • Problems with periods (irregular, heavy, long, painful or infrequent periods)
  • Questions about gender or sexuality
  • Breast concerns
  • Moderate to severe acne
  • HPV vaccination
  • Any other pelvic or gynecological concern you may have

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Emergency Contraception

Emergency contraception is birth control women can use for up to 5 days after unprotected sex to decrease the risk of unintended pregnancy.  It may be something people consider if they had vaginal intercourse after missing two or more birth control pills, missing a birth control shot, being forced to have sex, having a condom break or slip off during intercourse or simply getting caught up in the moment and not using a condom.  A lot of people have heard of Plan B or “the morning after pill” but not many people know about the other more effective options for emergency contraception.  Most people also do not know about the relationship between how much a person weighs and how that affects how well emergency contraceptive pills work .

All of the options listed below are available at Campus Care.  Most insurance companies cover all forms of emergency contraception at little or no cost to the patient.  The list below is from most effective to least effective options.

1.  The COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD) is more than 99% effective for emergency contraception, making it the most effective option for all women.  It can be used by women of any weight, at any point in their cycles for up to 5 days after unprotected sex. It can be left in place for up to 12 years if a woman desires ongoing, highly effective contraception.  Or it can be removed at any time before that.  The ability to get pregnant returns almost immediately after it is removed.  If you are interested in a Copper IUD, call to schedule an appointment on the 2 nd floor to discuss an IUD for emergency contraception.

Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs) are one-time dose pills can be taken for up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse but work best when taken as soon as possible. The efficacy of ECPs varies greatly depending on a number of factors.  In some cases, they may not be effective at all. Emergency contraceptive pills can be used repeatedly over the course of a woman’s life without any long-term impact on her fertility or health. The risk of unintended pregnancy, however, is high when compared to other contraceptive methods There are two types of ECPs.  The details are listed below.

2.  ELLA is a one-time dose pill that affects the receptors of the hormone progestin.  Ella requires a prescription and many insurance plans cover it.  If yours doesn’t, the cost for ella is about $50.  If you are interested in ella, please go to Quick Care on the 1 st floor to discuss with a provider.  

Ella is more effective than Plan B. It MAY NOT WORK at all for women who: 

  • Weigh more than 195 pounds
  • Have a body mass index over 35
  • Have already ovulated
  • Have had unprotected sex after taking emergency contraceptive pills in this same menstrual cycle

3.  PLAN B is a one-time dose hormonal pill that can be purchased by male and female patients 17 years and older without a prescription. Its efficacy diminishes greatly over time.  You may pick it up from the pharmacy without a visit with a provider.   Alternatively, you can go to Quick Care on the 1 st floor to see a provider and request a prescription since some insurance companies cover the cost if you have a prescription.   If your insurance does not cover it, the cost for Plan B is about $45.

Plan B is the least effective type of emergency contraception and DOES NOT WORK for women who:

  • Weigh over 165 pounds
  • Have a body mass index over 30
  • Have already ovulated
  • Have had unprotected sex after taking emergency contraceptive pills in this same menstrual cycle

It is also LESS EFFECTIVE for women with a BMI over 25 even if they are less than 165 pounds.

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*If after reading this you are not sure which option is best for you, we are happy to discuss the details of each method to help you decide.  Please go to Quick Care on the 1 st floor , or call to see if there are scheduled appointments available the same day for consultation with one of our 2 nd floor providers or birth control counselors.

** If you are a patient of Dr. Balbo, Dr. Duval, or Audrey Larrimer, CNP on the 2 nd floor , you may ask to consult with them or one of their nurses regarding your request for emergency contraception.   Call and inform the receptionist that you would like to discuss emergency contraceptive options today.

***We would also be happy to discuss how to start a birth control method that is more effective to prevent future worries about unintended pregnancy or how to resume taking birth control pills after taking emergency contraceptive pills. 

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Transgender Health

Medical Care

OhioHealth Campus Care serves patients of all gender identities including those who identify as transgender, gender fluid, or gender diverse. We know that transgender people are sometimes hesitant to access health care, so we work to create a space where students can ask questions, get answers, and feel supported when making decisions. Many staff members and providers have completed additional medical education and/or Ohio University’s SafeZone trainings to help them better serve our transgender patients.

We recognize that transgender students have health concerns that are often the same as all OU students. However, we also know that some health issues may be unique and require a greater understanding of transgender students’ experiences.  Dr. Balbo and Dr. Duval in the 2 nd floor Continuity Care Clinic have a special interest in transgender health and provide general medical care and annual exams, as well as transition-related care to transgender students.

If you are 21 years or older and have a uterus, we recommend routine pap testing to screen for cervical cancer. Additionally, Check it Out Guys has helpful information for transmen about what to expect with a pap test.

Feeling comfortable with your provider is important, so we encourage you to request an appointment with Dr. Balbo or Dr. Duval if these concerns are relevant to you.  Call 740.592.7100 to schedule.

Insurance

If you have student health insurance and have questions about coverage for hormonal or surgical treatments, a student health insurance liaison is available to assist you.  Contact 740-593-1931

Additional Resources

We encourage open communication between patients and their providers, and recommend this related article by the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association: Ten Things a Transgender Persons Should Discuss with Their Health Care Providers.

Counseling and Psychological Services (CPS) www.ohio.edu/counseling offers a wide range of services and programs to support students with personal, academic, career, health-related and crisis concerns. Counselors with expertise in gender identity and gender expression-related concerns are available at CPS. Please contact CPS directly at 740.593.1616.

For additional support, resources, and community referrals, visit the  LGBT Center, located in Baker Center Room 354.  The LGBT Center provides several programs and services that may be helpful, including a support group called Spectrum

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Eating Disorder Support Team

Many people on college campuses struggle with eating disorders and body image concerns. Ohio University offers an interdisciplinary Eating Disorder Support Team to help students whose symptoms are currently stable but who need additional support to stay on track. The team is comprised of primary care physicians, a psychiatrist, a dietician, and psychologists/counselors.  The services offered do not replace those offered by a specialized treatment center. If there is concern that a student needs more extensive care than can be provided by the support team, he/she will be referred to an outpatient or residential treatment center (typically in Columbus, Cleveland or Cincinnati) depending on his/her individual needs.  We would be happy to coordinate care with those facilities when they determine that the student is ready to continue their recovery in a less structured environment. 

We encourage people with an eating disorder to develop a plan for accountability with their family, coaches and/or home providers since they are sometimes unable to recognize for themselves when they need a higher level of care.  HIPPA prevents disclosure of this information to others without the patient’s express written permission.

Medical Care:   Many eating problems lead to associated health problems such as bone and muscle loss, electrolyte imbalances, harmful metabolic changes, and gastrointestinal distress. These complications have the potential to be life threatening. A physician can assess a student’s current health and can work with them to determine what level of care is most appropriate.  This may involve referrals to other members of the support team regarding nutrition, counseling, more involved psychiatric evaluation or it may involve recommendations for more advanced specialized care off-campus. Students can schedule an appointment to see Dr. Balbo or Dr. Duval in Continuity Care on the 2 nd floor by calling OhioHealth Campus Care at 740.592.7100.

Psychological Counseling:   Psychologists and counselors can help students who are feeling overwhelmed or confused about their eating problems. Psychologists and counselors provide support and help students develop skills to manage their emotional well-being related to their eating problems. Students can go to walk-in hours on the third floor of Hudson Hall between 9:45 a.m. and 3:15 p.m., Monday through Friday, to establish a relationship with a counselor or call 740.593.1616 for more information.

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ADD/ADHD

If you have been previously diagnosed with ADD/ADHD by a physician, psychologist, or other qualified health care professional: 

You must provide documentation of the diagnosis from the clinician who made the diagnosis; however, outside documentation alone may not necessarily be considered diagnostic. Minimally, documentation must be on letterhead that is dated, typed, and signed by a physician, psychologist, or other qualified health care provider.

Documentation requirements:   Must be in the form of an evaluation, treatment summary, and/or (neuro) psychological assessment supporting the diagnosis. Progress notes alone are not sufficient. The diagnostic report should include: 

  • History of onset of the diagnosis
  • Methodologies used to determine the diagnosis
  • Assessment for other diagnoses including learning disorders, mood or anxiety disorders
  • Observer information from parents/adults documenting past and current symptoms in two or more settings
  • Diagnostic statement
  • Description of the current limitations the student experiences related to ADD/ADHD
  • If medications have been prescribed, a record of this must also be provided
  • Suggested accommodations
  • ADD/ADHD Timeline form  completed by patient/parent 

If documentation is insufficient to support the diagnosis, you must complete neuropsychological testing. Please see the information below.

If you have not been previously diagnosed with ADD/ADHD by a physician, psychologist, or other qualified health care professional:

You must be evaluated before stimulant medications will be considered. This evaluation includes comprehensive testing and assessment by trained professionals and is called a "neuropsychological testing" This evaluation can be done at Ohio University Psychological and Social Work Clinic (740.593.0902) or elsewhere. Generally, such an evaluation is not covered by health insurance. We advise checking with your insurance company to verify. Testing for ADD/ADHD typically tasks several visits, and there is often a waiting period of several weeks for an appointment. Please plan accordingly. 

Medication Treatment:

Once all documentation has been received and reviewed, you will be scheduled with a physician on the 2nd floor in Continuity Care. As part of your care, you must review and sign the "Controlled Substance Agreement" at the time of your fist visit with the Campus Care physician. The purpose of this agreement is to assure compliance with all state and federal laws regarding controlled medications and to establish clear expectations. Medications for ADD/ADHD are potentially lethal and have high potential for abuse or diversion. Giving or selling medications to others is against the law and strictly forbidden. Lost or stolen medications will not be replaced. Students who are prescribed stimulants cannot be using marijuana or other illegal drugs. Periodic urine drug screening may occur. 

Quick Care medical providers ont he 1st floor will not prescribe or refill any medications for ADD/ADHD. This can only be doen during appointments with a provider in the 2nd floor Continuity Care. Established patients should contact our office a minimum of three weeks before needing an appointment for a refill. New patients should allow for 6 weeks or more to be sure all necessary documentation has been received and is sufficient. Please plan accordingly. 

ADD/ADHD Verification of Treatment Form     Medical Records Release Form 

Please call 740.592.7100 for assitance with this process. 

Requesting Classroom Accommodations:

Students with ADD/ADHD should register with Ohio University's Student Accessibility Services if they will need accommodations. They will require you to submit supporting documentation that has been completed by a qualified health care professional and an additional form outlining the specific accommodations requested. They can also connect students with several on-campus resources for improving test-taking, note-taking, study-skills and attention management. Visit the Student Accessibility Services website at www.ohio.edu/uc/sas/contact for additional information. 

ADD/ADHD Patient Letter

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Allergy Injection Clinic

Please contact OhioHealth Campus Care for the Allergy Injection Clinic hours of operation.

The OhioHealth Campus Care Allergy Clinic administers allergy injections to students who have previously had allergy testing and have their allergy serums. You can have your allergy serums mailed directly to us from your allergist, or you can bring your serums to the clinic when you come in for your first visit. We store allergy serum in a temperature-monitored refrigerator. We work closely with your allergy practitioner and will follow their instructions and allergy protocol.

Students need to check in at the second floor registration desk at each visit. The initial visit may take longer due to additional paperwork that must be completed. After you are given the allergy injection, we require that you stay for observation for 20 minutes after the injection and have your arm checked by a nurse prior to leaving the facility. Students must sign a letter of understanding regarding the observation period at their initial visit. Leaving prior to the 20 minutes will be considered leaving against medical advice and you will be referred to another provider for these services.

Students that leave campus during breaks need to remember to take their allergy serums with them. If OhioHealth Campus Care has to mail the allergy serum, students that are Ohio residents will be charged a $25 fee and out-of-state students will be charged a $35 fee. The charge will be assessed to the students MyOHIO Student Center.

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Immunizations

The Immunization Clinic provides immunizations as required for employment, travel or academic courses. As a courtesy, OhioHealth Campus Care will bill medical insurance for immunization services, but it is the student’s responsibility to provide medical insurance information and to know if the immunizations and administration fee is covered by their insurance.

Please contact OhioHealth Campus Care for hours of operation.

After you are administered an immunization, you are required to stay for observation for 20 minutes.

OhioHealth Campus Care strongly recommends that students receive immunizations as recommended by the Center for Disease Control. The following immunizations are available at OhioHealth Campus Care:

What immunizations are available at OhioHealth Campus Care?

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Tuberculosis Testing

TB PPD skin tests  are administered on Tuesday's from 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. during the academic term. Over breaks, please contact OhioHealth Campus Care for TB skin testing Hours. You must return 72 hours later to have a nurse check the skin injection site. You must check in at the second floor registration desk.

TB T-spot testing is preformed Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m.-noon during the academic term. Over breaks, T-spot testing is done Monday-Friday, 9 a.m.-nooon. You must check in at the first floor registration desk.

International students, except Canadians, new to the Athens campus or re-enrolling after an absence of two or more years must be evaluated for active tuberculosis. Testing will be administered by student health personnel as soon as possible after entrance to the university. If a student does not complete this requirement, his or her university account will be placed on hold. The hold will prevent the student from registering for classes. Students will be screened via Gamma Release Assays (IGRA’s) blood testing (Tspot test).

Students in health professions who will be working with patients and thus are at increased risk for exposure to TB infection will also be screened for tuberculosis. Students will be screened via TB skin test or Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) blood testing (T-spot test).

All positive skin test reactors will undergo a chest x-ray. All positive Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) results will undergo a chest x-ray.

What is TB?

Tuberculosis is a disease caused by bacteria called  Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs. But, TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal.

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