LGBT Health Information
Smoking & the LGBT Community
Studies show that the LGBT community has higher than average smoking rates. Gay and bisexual men alone are twice as likely as non-gay men to smoke cigarettes, Lesbians are more likely than non-gay women to be heavy smokers, and Transgender folks have the highest smoking rates in the LGBT community. Opinions as to why these rates exist vary, yet our goal is to curb this trend within our community. We hope these statistics, articles and websites are helpful.
- LGBT People are 40-70% more likely to smoke than non-LGBT People (1,2)
- LGBT adolescents are taking up smoking at an alarming rate, in a recent national study 45% of females and 35% of males reporting same-sex attraction or behavior smoked. In comparison, only 29% of the rest of the youth smoked. (3)
- Although more lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender smokers believe smoking increases their risk of diseases such as lung cancer and heart disease, fewer have made quit attempts (75% compared with 80% of all adults.) (6)
- American Cancer Society estimates that over 30,000 LGBT people die each year of tobacco-related diseases. (4)
- LGBT people have been successfully targeted by tobacco companies...
- Tobacco companies offer an unknown amount of financial support to LGBT festivals, bars, media and local organizations. (1) As early supporters of LGBT causes, the Tobacco companies garnered appreciative community response, since many other funders avoided LGBT issues. (5,6)
- Ryan H, Wortley PM, Easton A, Penderson L, Greenwood G. Smoking among lesbians, gays and bisexuals: a review of the literature. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Aug 2001;21(2):142-149
- Center for Health Policy Research at the University of California Los Angeles. California Health Interview Survey. http://www.lgbtpartnership.org/sisyouknow.html. Accessed May 23, 2005.
- Petrov A. Smoking by Young Gays at ‘Alarming’ Level. http://www.365gay.com/newscon04/10/102504smoking.htm Accessed May 23, 2005
- American Cancer Society. Tobacco and the GLBT Community. http://www.glbthealth.org/documents/GLBTTobacco.pdf Accessed May 23, 2005.
- Often N. Is tobacco a queer issue? Perceptions of LGBT Community leaders. Paper presented at: National Conference on Tobacco or Health; May 4, 2005; Chicago.
- Harris Interactive. Gay and lesbian brand loyalty linked to advertising.http://www.harrisinteractive.com/news/allnewsbydate.asp?NewsID=478Accessed May 23, 2005
- LGBT People and Smoking
- Tobacco Smoke and HIV AIDS
- LGBT People and Clean Indoor Air
- Smoking Cessation Fact Sheet
- Smoking & LGBT
- LGBT - Tobacco Action Plan
- Some of the ways that the Tobacco Industry Markets to LGBT People
- Smoking Among LGBT Review of Literature
- Burning Love Big Tobacco Takes Aim at LGBT Youths
HIV and the LGBT Community
HIV disproportionately affects the LGBT community. Gay and bisexual men account for 63% of new cases every year and are the only population where HIV transmission is on the rise. Men of color within the gay and bisexual community are also at higher risk for transmission than their white counterparts. Transwomen are also at a disproportionately high risk for infection and trans* folk are 3-9 times more likely to be infected than the rest of the population.
Source: The Human Rights Campaign
- Gay and bisexual men continue to bear the greatest burden of HIV infection
- Half of all of those living with HIV in the US are gay and bisexual men
- A 2008 analysis of multiple studies showed an HIV prevalence of 28% among transgender women in the U.S.
- WSW are at an increased risk for HIV when they believe that they are part of a low-risk population due to their sexual identity
PDF's and Documents
- HIV Among African American Gay and Bisexual Men (CDC)
- HIV Among MSM Men (CDC)
- HIV and Aging (SAGE)
- Health Care and HIV/AIDS (National Gay and Lesbian Task Force)
- Lesbians and HIV (Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services)
- HIV Risk for Lesbians, Biseuxals and Other Women Who Have Sex With Women
Local HIV Test Center Information Information as of 01-18-11
Substance Abuse and the LGBT Community
Those in the LGBT community are more likely to use drugs and alcohol, engage in substance abuse, and binge drink. It is thought that these facts are due to the stress and anxiety that comes with living in a homophobic and hetero/cisnormaative society, as well as the discrimination they face.
- Research has shown that LGBT alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use is 2 to 4 times higher than heterosexuals.
- Approximately 1 in 4 LGBT individuals abuses alcohol
- LGBT youth are twice times more likely to use alcohol and three times more likely to use marijuana and than their heterosexual peers
- 35% of lesbians have a history of excess drinking
- About 30% of gays and lesbians are addicted to drugs
PDF's and Documents
- Alcohol, Tobacco, & Other Drug Problems & Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Individuals
- The Pitiful State of LGBT Substance Abuse Treatment Availablity
- Why the Gay and Transgender Population Experience Higher Rates of Substance Use
- Gay and Lesbian Addiction Treatment
- Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Mental Health Guide (Includes Substance Abuse)
- Drug Use in Gay Culture
OHIO U Drug and Alcohol Policies: