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Gerardine Botte

Director/ Russ Professor
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Center for Electrochemical Engineering Research
STKR 165
botte@ohio.edu
Phone: 740.593.9670

Dr. Gerardine (Gerri) Botte became Russ Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering in 2009. Botte is the founder director of Ohio University’s CEER. Botte has become internationally known for the development Ammonia Electrolysis and Urea/Urine Electrolysis.

Botte is also an entrepreneur. She is the founder and Chief Technology Officer of E3 Clean Technologies Inc. E3 is a spin-off of Ohio University with the objective of commercializing and deploying Botte’s technologies. The company has received international attention regarding its innovative technologies used to clean water as well as diesel and power plant emissions.

Prior to joining Ohio University as an assistant professor in 2002, Dr. Botte was an assistant professor at the University of Minnesota-Duluth. Prior to graduate school, Dr. Botte worked as a process engineer in a large petrochemical plant; she was involved in the production of fertilizers and polymers.

Dr. Botte's main research interests include electrochemical engineering, power sources (advanced batteries), novel electrolyzers, sensors, flow batteries, numerical methods, mathematical modeling, materials science, and electro-catalysis, electrochemical water remediation, electro-synthesis of petrochemicals, sensors, batteries, fuel cells, ammonia electrolysis and urea/urine electrolysis.


Research Interests: Electrochemical Engineering, Batteries, Fuel Cells, Urea/Urine Electrolysis

All Degrees Earned: Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, 2000. M.E. Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, 1998. B.S. Chemical Engineering, Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela 1993.

Awards:

1. Russ Professor, Russ College of Engineering and Technology, Ohio University

2. Marvin E. and Ann D. White Research Award, Department of Chemical Engineering, Russ College of Engineering and Technology at Ohio University, 2010

3. Marvin E. and Ann D. White Research Award, Department of Chemical Engineering, Russ College of Engineering and Technology at Ohio University, 2008

4. Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Outstanding Research Paper Award, Ohio University 2006

5. Marvin E. and Ann D. White Research Award, Department of Chemical Engineering, Russ College of Engineering and Technology at Ohio University, 2006

Technical Report (1)

  • Botte, G. Distributed Power from Wastewater. ERDC/CERL/Department of Defense; 80 pages.

Conference Proceeding (12)

  • Patil, P., De Abreu, Y., Sathe, N., Prudich, M., Botte, G. Electrolysis of Coal for the Production of Hydrogen for Fuel Cell Application. Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems; 1: 313-319.
  • Valenzuela, A., Alonso-Nunes, G., Miki-Yoshida, M., Botte, G., Verde, Y. Pt-Ru nanoparticles Supported on MWCNT as PEM fuel cell electrocatalysts. Houston: Nanotech Conference & Expo, Houston, Texas, Technical Proceedings - Nanotechnology 2009: Biofuels, Renewable Energy, Coating Fluidics, and Compact Modeling; 3: 436-438.
  • Botte, G., Scheneider, K., Boggs, B. Kids Birthday Parties: Having Fun and Learning Engineering. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: ASEE Annual Conference.
  • Botte, G., Marquez, A., Abreu, Y. Theoretical Investigations of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anode Materials. Proceedings of the International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems; 2: 813-819.
  • Botte, G. Analysis of Electro-kinetics of Ammonia Oxidation in Alkaline Media. Hawaii, Honolulu: 206th ECS Meeting.
  • Botte, G., Patil, P., De Abreu, Y., Prudich, M. Evaluation of Different Electrode Materials for the Electro-oxidation of Coal Slurries for the Production of Hydrogen. San Antonio, TX: 205th Electrochemical Society Meeting.
  • Vitse, F., Cooper, M., Botte, G. Electro-oxidation of Ammonia for the Production of Hydrogen. Orlando, Florida: 204th ECS Meeting.
  • Vitse, F., Botte, G. Modeling of the Solid State Interactions During Lithium Intercalation. Orlando, Florida: 204th ECS Meeting.
  • Botte, G. Modeling Volume Changes due to Lithium Intercalation in a Carbon Particle. Orlando, Florida: 204th ECS Meeting.
  • Botte, G. The Use of Active Learning in Design of Engineering Experiments. Nashville, Tennessee: ASEE Annual Conference.
  • Botte, G., Wulandari, Y., White, R., Zhang, Z. Effect of Water and Oxygen on the Thermal Stability of LiPF6 EC:EMC Electrolyte for Lithium Ion Batteries. San Francisco, California: 200th ECS meeting.
  • Botte, G., White, R. Modeling the Lithium Intercalation Process in a Porous Electrode. Honolulu, Hawaii: 196th ECS meeting.

Journal Article, Professional Journal (53)

  • Wang, D., Vijapur, S., Botte, G. Coal char derived few-layer graphene anodes for lithium ion batteries. Photonics; 1 (3): 251-259 . http://doi:10.3390/photonics1030251 .
  • Palaniappan, R., Ingram, D., Botte, G. Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Kinetics on Electrodeposited Pt-M (M= Ir, Ru, Rh, and Ni) Cathodes for Ammonia Electrolysis. Journal of the Electrochemical Society; 161: E1-E-11.
  • Wang, D., Botte, G. In situ X-ray Diffraction Study of Urea Electrolysis on Nickel Catalysts. ECS Electrochemistry Letters; 3: H29-H32.
  • Valenzuela-Muñiz, A., Alonso-Nuñez, G., Botte, G., Miki-Yoshida, M., Verde-Gomez, Y. Influence of Nickel on the Electrochemical Activity of PtRu Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Electrocatalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry; 44: 695-700.
  • Yan, W., Wang, D., Botte, G. Nickel Nanowires as Effective Catalysts for Urea Electro-oxidation. Electrochimica Acta; 134: 266-271.
  • Vedharathinam , V., Botte, G. On the origin of potential oscillations during the electrocatalytic oxidation of urea on Ni catalyst in alkaline medium. Journal of Physical Chemistry C; http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp5052529 .
  • Diaz, L., Valenzuela, A., Muthuvel, M., Botte, G. Analysis of Ammonia Electro-oxidation Kinetics Using a Rotating Disk Electrode. Electrochimica Acta; 89: 413-421. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.11.064 .
  • Vedharathinam, V., Botte, G. Direct evidence of an EC′ mechanism for the electro-oxidation of urea on Ni(OH)2 catalyst in alkaline medium. Electrochimica Acta; 108: 660-665.
  • Palaniappan, R., Botte, G. Effect of Ammonia on Pt, Ru, Rh, and Ni Cathodes during the Alkaline Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C; 117: 17429-17441.
  • Palaniappan, R., Botte, G. Efficacy of Potassium Poly(Acrylate) Gel Electrolyte as a Substitute to Aqueous Electrolytes for Alkaline Ammonia Electrolysis. Electrochimica Acta; 88: 772-781. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.10.023.
  • Wang, D., Yan, W., Vijapur, S., Botte, G. Electrochemically reduced graphene oxide-nickel nanocomposites for urea electrolysis. Electrochimica Acta; 89: 732-736. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.11.046.
  • Valenzuela-Muñiz, A., Alonso-Nuñez, G., Miki-Yoshida, M., Botte, G., Verde-Gomez, Y. High Electroactivity Performance in Pt/MWCNT and PtNi/MWCNT Electrocatalysts. Journal of Hydrogen Energy; 28: 12640-12647. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.134 .
  • Alvare-Contreras, L., Alonso-Lemus, I., Botte, G., Verde-Gomez, Y. Pt-Sn core-shell nanoparticles deposited on SBA-15 modified. Journal of Nanoparticle Research; 15: 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.134 .
  • Vijapur, S., Wang, D., Botte, G. Raw coal derived large area and transparent graphene films. ECS Solid State Letters; 2: M45-M47.
  • Vijapur, S., Wang, D., Botte, G. The growth of Transparent Amorphous Carbon thin films from Coal. Carbon; 54: 22-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2012.10.065.
  • Daramola, D., Botte, G. Theoretical Study of Ammonia Oxidation on Platinum Clusters – Adsorption of Intermediate Nitrogen Dimer Molecules. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science; 402: 204-214.
  • Diaz, L., Botte, G. Electrochemical Deammonification of Swine Wastewater. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research; 51: 12167-12172.
  • Yan, W., Wang, D., Botte, G. Electrochemical Decomposition of Urea with Ni-based Catalysts. Applied Catalysis B; 127: 221-226.
  • Wang, D., Yan, W., Vijapur, S., Botte, G. Enhanced Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Urea based on Nickel Hydroxide Nanoribbons. Journal of Power Sources; 217: 498-502.
  • Yan, W., Wang, D., Botte, G. Nickel and Cobalt Bimetallic Hydroxide Catalysts for Urea Electro-oxidation. Electrochimica Acta; 61: 25-30.
  • Miller, A., Botte, G. Rh electrodeposition on Ni Electrodes Used for Urea Electrolysis. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry; 42: 925-934.
  • Vedharathinam, V., Botte, G. Understanding the electro-catalytic oxidation mechanism of urea on nickel electrodes in alkaline medium. Electrochimica Acta; 81: 292-300.
  • Daramola, D., Botte, G. Theoretical study of ammonia oxidation on platinum clusters – Adsorption of ammonia and water fragments. Computational and Theoretical Chemistry; 989: 7-17.
  • Daramola, D., Botte, G. Characterization of NHx (x = 0 – 3) and OHy (y = 1 & 2) molecules on platinum clusters. Journal of Physical Chemistry C.
  • Wang, D., Yang, W., Botte, G. Exfoliated Nickel Hydroxide Nanosheets for Urea Electrolysis. Electrochemistry Communications; 13: 1135-1138.
  • King, R., Botte, G. Investigation of Multi-metal Catalysts for Stable Hydrogen Production via Urea Electrolysis. Journal of Power Sources; 196: 9579-9584.
  • King, R., Botte, G. Hydrogen Production via Urea Electrolysis Using Gel Electrolyte. Journal of Power Sources; http://doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.006 .
  • Daramola, D., Singh, D., Botte, G. Dissociation Rates of Urea in the Presence of NiOOH Catalyst: A DFT Analysis,. Journal of Physical Chemistry A; 144: 11513-11521.
  • Boggs, B., Botte, G. Optimization of Pt-Ir on Carbon Fiber Paper for the Electro-oxidation of Ammonia in Alkaline Media. Electrochimica Acta.; 55: 5287-5293.
  • Jin, X., Botte, G. Understanding the Kinetics of Coal Electrolysis at Intermediate Temperatures. Journal of Power Sources; 195: 4935-4942.
  • Daramola, D., Muthuvel, M., Botte, G. Density Functional Theory Analysis of Raman Frequency Modes of Monoclinic Zirconium Oxide Using Gaussian Basis Sets and Isotopic Substitution. J. of Physical Chemistry B; 114: 9323-9329.
  • Jin, X., Botte, G. Electrochemical Technique to Measure Fe (II) and Fe (III) Concentrations Simultaneously. J. of Applied Electrochemistry; 39: 1709-1717.
  • Botte, G., Boggs, B. On-board Hydrogen Storage and Production: An Application of Ammonia Electrolysis. J. of Power Sources; 192: 573-581.
  • Botte, G., Boggs, B., King, R. Urea Electrolysis: Direct Hydrogen Production from Urine. Chemical Communications; 4859-4861.
  • Bonnin, E., Biddinger, E., Botte, G. Effect of Catalyst on Electrolysis of Ammonia Effluents. J. Power Sources; 182: 284-290.
  • Botte, G., Abreu, Y., Patil, P. Characterization of Electro-oxidized Pittsburgh No 8. Fuel; 86: 573-584.
  • Jin, X., Botte, G. Feasibility of Hydrogen Production from Coal Electrolysis at Intermediate Temperatures. J. Power Sources; 171: 826-834.
  • Sathe, N., Botte, G. Assessment of Coal and Graphite Electrolysis on Carbon Fiber Electrodes. 1. J. Power Sources; 161: 513-523.
  • Patil, P., Abreu, Y., Botte, G. Electrooxidation of Coal Slurries on Different Electrode Materials. 1. J. Power Sources; 158: 368-377.
  • Botte, G., Cooper, M. Hydrogen Production from the Electrooxidation of Ammonia Catalyzed by Platinum and Rhodium on Raney Nickel Substrate. J. Electrochem. Soc.; 153: A1894-A1901.
  • Botte, G., Cooper, M. Optimization of the Electrodeposition of Raney Nickel on Titanium Substrate. 17. J. Materials Science; 41: 5608-5612.
  • Botte, G., Marquez, A. Theoretical Investigations of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes, Part I: NiYSZ in the Presence of H2S. 3. Solid State Letters; 9: A163-A166.
  • Botte, G., Ritter, J., White, R. Letter to the Editor: Comparison of the Finite Difference and Control Volume Formulation Methods for Solving Differential Equations. 10. Comp. Chem. Engng.; 29: 2259-2261.
  • Botte, G. Modeling Volume Changes due to Lithium Intercalation in a Carbon Particle. Electrochimica Acta.; 50: 5647-565.
  • Vitse, F., Cooper, M., Botte, G. On the Use of Ammonia Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production. J. Power Sources; 142: 18-26.
  • Botte, G., Bauer, T. MRSST a New Method to Evaluate Thermal Stability of Electrolytes for Lithium Ion Batteries. J. Power Sources; 119-121, 815-820.
  • Botte, G., White, R. Modeling Lithium Intercalation in a Porous Carbon Electrode. J. Electrochem. Soc.; 148: A54-A66.
  • Botte, G., White, R., Zhang, Z. Thermal Stability of LiPF6 EC:EMC Electrolyte for Lithium Ion Batteries. J. Power Sources; 97-98, 570-575.
  • Botte, G., Ritter, J., White, R. Comparison of the Finite Difference and Control Volume Formulation Methods for Solving Differential Equations. Comp. Chem. Engng.; 24: 2633-2654.
  • Botte, G., Subramanian, V., White, R. Mathematical Modeling of Secondary Lithium Batteries. Electrochim. Acta; 45: 2595-2609.
  • Botte, G., Johnson, B., White, R. Influence of Some Design Variables on the Thermal Behavior of a Lithium-Ion Cell. J. Electrochem. Soc.; 146: 914-923.
  • Botte, G., Zhang, R., Ritter, J. New Approximate Model for Nonlinear Adsorption and Concentration Dependent Surface Diffusion in a Single Particle. Adsorption; 5: 373-380.
  • Botte, G., Zhang, R., Ritter, J. On the Use of Different Parabolic Concentration Profiles for Non-linear Adsorption and Diffusion in a Single Particle. Chem. Engng. Sci.; 53: 4135-4146.

Magazine/Trade Publication (1)

  • Botte, G. Introducing Electrochemical Engineering to Future Generations. Interface/The Electrochemical Society; Summer 2010: 39-43.

Journal Article, Academic Journal (1)

  • Palaniappan, R., Botte, G., Ingram, D. Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Kinetics on Electrodeposited Pt-M (M = Ir, Ru, Rh, and Ni) Cathodes for Ammonia Electrolysis. 1. JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY; 161: E12-E22.

Book, Chapter in Scholarly Book (6)

  • Botte, G., Damilola, D., Muthuvel, M. Preparative Electrochemistry for Organic Synthesis. New York: Comprehensive Organic Synthesis II/Elsevier; 9: 351-389.
  • Botte, G., Muthuvel, M. Electrochemical Energy Storage: Applications, Processes, and Trends. New York: Kent and Riegel’s Handbook of industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology; 2: 1497-1539.
  • Botte, G., Muthuvel, M. Electrochemical Energy Storage: Applications, Processes, and Trends. New York: Handbook of industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology/Springer; 1497-1539.
  • Muthuvel, M., Jin, X., Botte, G. Direct Carbon Fuel Cells, Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources. Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources; 3: 158-171.
  • Muthuvel, M., Botte, G. Trends in Ammonia Electrolysis, Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry. Springer Verlag; 45: 207-243.
  • Botte, G. Batteries: Basic Principles, Technologies and Modeling, Encyclopedia of Electrochemistry, Electrochemical Engineering. Wiley. Encyclopedia of Electrochemistry, Electrochemical Engineering; 5.

Patents

  • Botte, G. Electrocatalysts and Additives for the Oxidation of Solid Fuels . 8,758,951 B2 .
  • Botte, G. Electrolytic Cells and Methods for the Production of Ammonia and Hydrogen. 8,663,452 B2 .
  • Botte, G. Selective Catalytic Reduction via Urea Electrolysis. NZ 602813.
  • Botte, G. Electro-catalysts for the Oxidation of Ammonia in Alkaline Media. JP5241488.
  • Botte, G. Electrocatalysts and Additives for the Oxidation of Solid Fuels . CA 2,614,591 .
  • Botte, G. Electrochemical Synthesis of Ammonia in Alkaline Media. 61/805,366 .
  • Botte, G., Jin, X. Electrochemical Technique to Measure Concentration of Multivalent Cations Simultaneously. 8,486,256 B2 .
  • Botte, G. Graphene Layered Electrodes. 61/895,639 .
  • Botte, G. Layered Electrocatalyst for Oxidation of Ammonia and Ethanol. 8,613,842 .
  • Botte, G. Pretreatment method for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanostructures from coal and carbon chars (Div. 1). 8,409,305 .
  • Botte, G. Pretreatment method for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanostructures from coal and carbon chars (Div. 1). 8,409,305 B2 .
  • Botte, G. Selective Catalytic Reduction via Urea Electrolysis. 8,388,920 .
  • Botte, G. Selective Catalytic Reduction via Urea Electrolysis. 8,388,929 B2 .
  • Botte, G. Electro-catalysts for the Oxidation of Ammonia in Alkaline Media. , C.A. Patent No. 2,542,313 .
  • Botte, G. Electrocatalysts and Additives for the Oxidation of Solid Fuels and their Application to Hydrogen Production, Fuel Cells, and Water Remediation Processes. C.N. Patent No. ZL2000680024221.6.
  • Botte, G. Electrochemical Cell for Oxidation of Ammonia and Ethanol. U.S. Patent No. 8,216,437.
  • Botte, G. Electrochemical method for providing hydrogen using ammonia and ethanol. U.S. Patent No. 8,221,610 .
  • Botte, G. Electrolytic Cells and Methods for the Production of Ammonia and Hydrogen. U.S. Patent No. 8,303,781 .
  • Botte, G. Layered Electrocatalyst for Oxidation of Ammonia and Ethanol. U.S. Patent No. 8,216,956 .
  • Botte, G. Method of Producing Graphene. US pending patent No. 61/621,625 .
  • Botte, G. Pretreatment Method for the Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures from Coal and Carbon Char. 8,029,759 .
  • Botte, G. Electro-catalyst for Oxidation of Ammonia in Alkaline Media. US 7,803,264 .
  • Botte, G. Selective Catalytic Reduction via Electrolysis of Urea. OU-1006USP.
  • Botte, G. Simultaneous Removal of Ammonia, Urea, and metals from water. US, 61/169,018.
  • Botte, G. Electrolysis of Urea and Urine. US 2009/095636.
  • Botte, G. Urea Electrolysis. 61/104,478.
  • Botte, G. Electrochemical Cell for Oxidation of Ammonia and Ethanol. WO2009/045567.
  • Botte, G. Electrochemical Method for Providing Hydrogen Using Ammonia and Ethanol. US 12/114,781.
  • Botte, G. Fuel Cell Utilizing Ammonia, Ethanol, or Combinations Thereof. US 12/114,780.
  • Botte, G. Layered Electrocatalyst for Oxidation of Ammonia and Ethanol. WO2007047630.
  • Botte, G., Jin, X. Electrochemical Technique to Measure Concentration of Multivalent Cations Simultaneously. WO2007133534.
  • Botte, G. Electrocatalysts and Additives for the Oxidation of Solid Fuels and their Application to Hydrogen Production, Fuel Cells, and Water Remediation Processes. WO2006121981.
  • Botte, G., Vitse, F., Cooper, M. Electro-catalyst for Oxidation of Ammonia in Alkaline Media and Its Application to Hydrogen production, Ammonia Fuel Cells, Ammonia Electrochemical Sensors, and Purification Process for Ammonia-contained Effluents. 7,485,211.
  • Botte, G. Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes from Coal and Coal Char. US, 61/163,991.
  • Botte, G. Electrodeposition of Pt-Ir Alloy and Its Application as Electrocatalysts in Ammonia Electrolysis. 61/104,378.
  • Botte, G. Carbon fiber-Electro-catalysts for the Oxidation of Ammonia, and Ethanol and their Application to Hydrogen Production, Fuel Cells, and Purification Processes. WO2007/047630.