For almost a hundred years after its founding, Ohio University's reputation rested firmly on a liberal arts curriculum. As Ohio University prepares to enter its third century, the College of Arts and Sciences proudly holds to what has been the central purpose of the college since 1804: to provide opportunities for students to secure a sound liberal education. Reflecting a changing society and today's career directions, the college offers an expanded and modern curriculum while continuing to be guided by the principles of a liberal tradition.
The objectives of a liberal education are achieved through courses that make up the curricula of the college - courses that historically have been regarded as the means whereby human beings come to understand themselves and the world in which they live. As a student in the College of Arts and Sciences pursuing a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree, you will obtain specialized knowledge through a major field of study while acquiring a fundamental education in foreign languages and other humanities, the social sciences, and natural sciences. With the univer-sity's General Education Requirements as a foundation, college requirements are designed to allow generous oppor-tunity for you to elect from hundreds of courses in the humanities and the social and natural sciences in addition to a traditional major. If you require a more structured undergraduate program to prepare for a specific educational or career objective, you may choose a major from among the special curricula.
The College of Arts and Sciences has the distinction of being the largest and oldest college at Ohio University. Com-prising 19 departments, the college provides 26 regular major programs, 57 special curricula in specific career-related areas, 5 majors offered in coop- eration with other colleges, 27 minors, and 5 certificate programs. Further opportunities for educational enrichment are offered through the many study-abroad programs coordinated by the college. College and departmental requirements for the B.A. and B.S. degrees are described in detail in the following pages and in the Majors, Minors, and Certificate Programs section.
Master of Environmental Studies Program
Master of Social Studies Program
Ohio Program of Intensive English (OPIE)
Ph.D. in Molecular and Cellular Biology Program
Women's Studies Program
Departments offering master's programs are Economics, Geography, Geological Sciences, Linguistics, Modern Languages, Philosophy, Political Science, and Sociol-ogy and Anthropology. Master's and doctoral programs are offered by the Departments of Biological Sciences, Chemistry, English, Environmental and Plant Biology, History, Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy, and Psychology. Further information about the advanced degree programs can be found in the Ohio University Graduate Catalog.
* These preprofessional programs do not fulfill any degree program but are intended as preparation for admission into a professional school or program.
** Computer science majors can choose to earn a B.A. or B.S. from the College of Arts and Sciences or a B.S.C.S. from the Russ College of Engineering and Technology.
Arts and Sciences students may earn a B.A. from the College of Arts and Sciences by completing a major in one of the following five schools outside the college: Art, Interpersonal Communication, Journalism, Music, or Theater. Admission into any of these programs is by special arrangement and requires the permission of the director of the appropriate school. All selective admis-sion policies apply. For more information, inquire at the College of Arts and Sciences Student Affairs Office.
A major for the B.S. degree may be completed in the following areas. This list is in alphabetical order by department and includes both traditional majors and special curricula (in italics):
*These preprofessional programs do not fulfill any degree program but are intended as preparation for admission into a professional school or program.
**Computer science majors can choose to earn a B.A. or B.S. from the College of Arts and Sciences or a B.S.C.S. from the Russ College of Engineering and Technology.
in cooperation with the College of Health and Human Services
International Studies-African, Asian, or Latin American
Political Communication in cooperation with the College of Communication Women's Studies
Certificate programs and minors are open to students in any program, regardless of college, except as restricted by that program or college. Awarding of a certificate or minor to non-Arts and Sciences students is by the approval of the dean of the student's college.
Courses taken to satisfy requirements in other colleges (e.g., MATH 120, HSS 378) will not necessarily fulfill requirements in the College of Arts and Sciences or in your new major.
Application to change colleges can be made no later than the second week of the quarter in which you wish to trans-fer to Arts and Sciences.
Applicants to the College of Arts and Sciences from other accredited collegiate institutions must first meet Ohio Univer-sity's transfer specifications as outlined under "Transfer Applicant" in the Admissions section of the catalog. As a transfer student to the College of Arts and Sciences, you must declare a major other than undecided.
The college determines the transfera-bility of credit from other institutions based upon whether the institution is accredited or a recognized candidate for accreditation. The college follows the recommendations of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers in recognizing transfer credit. For credit earned at foreign institutions and other special cases, the college accepts the recommendations of the university examiner in the Office of Admissions.
The college evaluates credits on a course-by-course basis, assigning an Ohio University course number whenever possible so you can better determine how the courses fulfill graduation requirements.
Technical credits for nonbaccalaureate-level courses (such as diesel mechanics or office management) are evaluated as technical electives. Even though such credits do not meet any specific degree requirement, you are allowed up to 25 hours of technical electives to count toward total graduation hours. The benefits of technical coursework are debatable. If you are currently enrolled in a two-year program with the inten-tion of transferring to Ohio University, it is important to take as much college level work as possible in such areas as humanities, social sciences, mathematics, and science to improve your chances of completing the four year degree program within two to three additional years.
Student records sent to the Office of Admissions from other collegiate institu-tions rarely include high school transcripts. The College of Arts and Sciences is unable to assess language placement without a record of the foreign language you completed in high school. Transferring students should order a high school transcript that includes final semester grades to be sent directly to the Office of Student Affairs, College of Arts and Sciences.
In addition to fulfilling residency requirements, as a transfer student to Arts and Sciences you are required to complete at least 24 quarter hours of 2.0 work in your major at Ohio University, with a minimum of 12 of those hours in courses at the 300 level or above. If you have a double major, you are required to complete at least 18 quarter hours at Ohio University with a minimum of 9 hours at the 300 level or above in each of two departments and maintain a 2.0 g.p.a. Courses should be approved by the chair of both departments.
To fulfill a minor in Arts and Sciences as a transfer student, you must complete a minimum of eight hours of coursework at Ohio University at the 300-400 level with a grade of 2.0 or above.
The following list outlines the Arts and Sciences degree information presented in the sections that follow:
General Education Requirement
Foreign Language Requirement
Humanities Area Requirement
Social Sciences Area Requirement
Natural Sciences Area Requirement
Level of Study Requirement
Single Application of Credit
Credit, Noncredit, and Pass/Fail Credit
Degree Requirements (B.A., B.S.)
Second Bachelor's Degree
Degree in Absentia
The specific requirements for each major, including the preprofessional programs and other special curricula in the Col-lege of Arts and Sciences, are listed in the following pages in the Majors, Minors and Certificates section.
If you are a first-year student in the College of Arts and Sciences, you may enroll in the college as an undecided major; however, you must declare a major once you have earned 90 hours. If you have earned 45 or more hours, you are ineligible to transfer into the college as an undecided major.
Requirements for the five non-Arts and Sciences major programs are determined by the respective colleges.
College policy requires that any major program consist of a minimum core of 36 quarter hours in one subject area, including 16 quarter hours to be taken at the 300-400 level. Most departments require more than 36 hours for the major, and there may be specific departmental requirements. Methods courses for certification in education are not included in hours that apply to the major. You are obligated to fulfill the major requirements specified by the department. If you select a special curriculum, you must complete the entire special curriculum without exception as well as fulfilling all university and College of Arts and Sciences requirements.
B.A. degree candidates may count a maximum of 72 hours in one subject towards the degree; B.S. candidates may count a maximum of 80 hours. Ex ceeding this maximum requires adding equivalent hours to the total hours for graduation. Courses in the major that are numbered above 199 are applied to the 90-hours-above-200 requirement.
To earn a major in an Arts and Sciences discipline, you must be enrolled in the College of Arts and Sciences (except for teacher certification candidates, who may choose to affiliate with either the College of Arts and Sciences or the College of Education, and economics majors, who may enroll in either the College of Arts and Sciences or the College of Business). If you are a student in another college at Ohio University, you may enroll concurrently or consecutively in Arts and Sciences.
For a degree to be granted, you must complete at least one formal major. A second major (or more), an option that any Arts and Sciences student may pursue, requires that all requirements for each major as described in the Majors, Minors, and Certificate Programs section be fulfilled. No courses in any major except extra-departmental requirements (such as chemistry for a biological sciences major) may be applied to the area distribution requirements. If you complete more than one major program for the same degree, it will not increase the hours required for Arts and Sciences area re-quirements or the 192 hours to graduate.
Arts and Sciences students interested in completing a formal minor may choose from the 27 minors offered by the College of Arts and Sciences or select a minor from another college. You must declare the minor for it to be official and fulfill all hour and course requirements for it to be indicated as part of your Ohio University transcript. The minor will not show on the transcript until your degree is conferred.
University policy stipulates that a minor comprise 24 to 35 required hours, including at least two courses at the 300-400 level. In the case of foreign languages, the minimum requirement is 24 hours beyond the 213 level. English courses fulfilling Tier I composition requirements do not count toward an English minor. Within these limits, the distribution of courses is determined by the department. In cases where extradepartmental courses required to fulfill your major either nearly or completely duplicate courses for your chosen minor, declaring a minor may not be acceptable.See the Majors, Minors, and Certificate Programs section for specific minor requirements.
The university General Education Require-ments (Tiers I, II, and III) are similar to, but lesser in scale than, the Arts and Sciences requirements. You can select courses that, while fulfilling university General Education Requirements, can partially satisfy Arts and Sciences distri-bution requirements in foreign languages, humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and courses above the 199 level. The following lists for humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences indicate specifically and without exception the courses accepted for Arts and Sciences credit. Many of these courses also satisfy Tier II requirements.
All courses that fulfill General Education Requirements also apply toward the 192 credit hours needed to graduate from Ohio University, even if they are not Arts and Sciences distribution courses.
Courses designated for Tier I quantitative skills and freshman composition (including any skills courses needed as prerequisites) apply only to hours for graduation and do not apply to Arts and Sciences distribution requirements.
Arts and Sciences courses that fulfill the Tier I advanced composition requirement at the junior level can apply to distribution areas and, in certain cases, to your major.
Courses designated for Tier III do not fulfill Arts and Sciences requirements except when they are taught by Arts and Sciences faculty and approved by the Arts and Sciences curriculum committee. Under this condition only will the course contribute to the hours-above-200-level requirement.
Transfer students who receive transfer credit for courses comparable to the composition and quantitative courses of Tier I are considered to have met the Tier I requirement. Transfer students without comparable transfer credit in composition and/or quantitative skills must complete the requirement.
Social Sciences Area Requirement*
The social sciences requirement may be met by a selection of 18 quarter
hours from two or more areas, with at least 8 hours in one area, from the
a African American Studies 101, 202,220, 225, 340, 341, 360, 368, 440
b Anthropology except 201, 492, 496
c Business Law 255, 370, 442, and 475
d Classical Archaeology 211, 212, 213
f Geography except 101, 302, 303,304, 315, 316, 406, 407, 411
g History except those listed as
humanities (see above)
h International Studies 103, 113, 121
j Political Science
k Psychology except 120, 221, 226, 312, 314, 321
l Social Work
The natural sciences requirement may be met by selecting 18 quarter
hours from two or more areas, with at least 8 hours in one area, from the
a Anthropology 201, 492, 496
c Biological Sciences
d Chemistry except 115
e Computer Science except 120, 135, 220
f Environmental and Plant Biology
g Geography 101, 302, 303, 304, 315, 316, 406, 407, 411
h Geological Sciences
i Mathematics except 101, 102, 109, 113, 115, 117, 118, 120, 121, 122, 320
k Physical Sciences
l Psychology 221, 226, 312, 314
Note: Methods courses are not applicable to area requirements.
*These listings must be used as the official guide for the completion of the Arts and Sciences area (distribution) requirements. Exceptions to the 18-hour Arts and Sciences area distribution requirements will be made only under the most unusual of circumstances and by petition only. Consideration for inclusion of courses not listed is not made on an ad hoc basis but requires formal approval of the Arts and Sciences Curriculum Committee.
Some courses from these categories may also be applied to the university Tier II requirements. However, the three Arts and Sciences area categories differ in scope from the five Tier II groupings (Humanities and Fine Arts, Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Applied Sciences and Technology, Social Sciences, and Third World Cultures). If you wish to select a course that will apply to both the Arts and Sciences and Tier II requirements, take care to choose a course that has been approved for the desired category in both the college and the university requirements. (The list of courses approved for each of the Tier II categories appears in the Graduation Requirements section of the catalog.) Courses that can fulfill Tier I quantitative skills and freshman composition requirements and the Tier III requirement do not apply to the Arts and Sciences area distribution requirements.
The College of Arts and Sciences requires that all candidates for a B.A. or B.S. degree successfully complete two years of foreign language at the college level or the equivalent. However, the type of degree (B.A. or B.S.) determines how the two-year requirement is completed. These requirements are determined by the degree program and are not the student's choice.
Courses taught at Ohio University that will fulfill the language requirement are the African and Asian languages (Arabic, Chinese, Indonesian/Malaysian, Japanese, and Swahili), classical lan-guages (Greek and Latin), Germanic language (German), Romance languages (French, Italian, and Spanish), and Slavic language (Russian). The first or begin ning year of language at Ohio University is represented by the course numbers 111, 112, and 113, while the second or intermediate year is represented by the course numbers 211, 212, and 213.
The language placement table that follows represents the broadest inter
pretation of the language requirement and thus applies more specifically
to the B.A. degree. If your major is designated B.S., use the table as a guide
to deter-mine if you qualify for the options described in the Candidates
for the B.S. Degree section that follows the table.
The language placement table represents two years of high school language as being equal to one year of college language. The study of a foreign lan-guage at Ohio University must begin according to the recommendations listed below. However, if you have completed two or more years of high school language, these recommendations assume there has been thorough foreign language preparation within the last year. If this is not the case, you are strongly advised to enroll first in a lower level course as preparation to enter the intermediate level.* Enrolling at a level higher than indicated by the table is not permitted. Bypassing sequential courses is permitted only in accordance with the language place-ment table:
Years of language  Begin college
in high school language at
2-3 years Course 211
4-5 years Course 213 or 341 (Latin 351)
*If you find it necessary to repeat high school-level work (111-113) to prepare for the intermediate level, these credits will be applied to the 192-hour graduation requirement but will not fulfill any part of the language require-ment. Once the language requirement is completed, any foreign language course that does not duplicate coursework for the require-ment or high school work will be applied to the humanities distribution area.
The foreign language requirement for B.A. degree candidates is the successful completion of a two-year sequence of study of one language from level 111 through level 213.
Two years of high school language are considered the equivalent of one year of college language. According to your preference, however, your two years of college-level study may be a language other than the one studied in high school.
Zero to one year of high school language must complete two years of one
foreign language at the college level.
Two to three years of one language in high school must successfully complete the intermediate level (i.e., second year) 211-213, of the same language or, if you prefer, two years (111-213) of a language different from the one studied in high school.
Four or more years of one foreign language in high school must complete level 213 or 341 or any other higher level course in the same language.
Four years of Latin in high school may complete LAT 351 rather than LAT 213. LAT 351 is recommended.
Zero to one year of high school lan-guage is allowed two choices & #139;the completion of a full sequence of study in one language (two years, 111 213) or one year each of study at the beginning level in two different languages (two years, 111-113, 111-113).
Two to three years of high school lan-guage is allowed two choices - the completion of the intermediate level of the same language (211-213) or the completion of the beginning year of a second language (111-113).Four or more years of high school lan-guage (i.e., four years of the same language or two years each of two different languages), may consider the language requirement met.
Enrollment in the beginning or inter-mediate level (under 300) of your own first language(s) will be considered a noncredit course.
Economics majors may apply QBA 201 and, with departmental approval, other advanced courses in statistics to the Arts and Sciences 200-level requirement for for a maximum of 15 hours.
Non-Arts and Sciences courses are almost always considered electives and not counted toward the level of study requirement. Rather, they apply toward the 192-hour requirement for graduation.
Courses required for a major, but outside the major department (extra departmental requirements) will be counted toward the area requirements except in the case of interdisciplinary majors (i.e., international studies, clas-sical studies) where required courses normally do not apply to the distribution areas.
Courses required for a minor will be counted toward the area requirements, except for non-Arts and Sciences minors. Courses at the beginning and intermediate levels of a foreign language for students majoring in that foreign language may fulfill the language requirement since the major is defined as including only language courses above the intermediate level.
Junior-level advanced composition courses offered by departments with- in the College of Arts and Sciences apply to the distribution area requirements exept when they are required for the major.
Hours of coursework taken for CR that may be applied toward graduation are limited to 15 credit hours.
Noncredit courses do not count toward the 192-hour requirement. (Noncredit courses are those numbered below 100; courses completed out of sequence, i.e., a lower-level course taken after completing an advanced course in the same department; certain technology courses; remedial courses such as ENG 150 and MATH 101; skills courses such as UC 110 and 112 in excess of the eight-hour limit; credits duplicated by the repetition of coursework; and courses taken for audit.) See the Guidelines and General Information section for details about credit and grading, repeated courses, and residence requirements that affect hours required.
No course taken pass/fail may fulfil any graduation requirement except the total-hours requirement. For an Arts and Sciences student, this policy effectively restricts taking any pass/fail courses that fulfill your foreign language, humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, major, minor, 90 hours-above-200, and special curriculum requirements. Courses taken pass/fail are there-fore limited strictly to electives or courses that fulfill hours to graduate only and may total no more than 20 hours.
See the Pass/Fail section in the Credit and Grading section of the catalog for further information.
If you are a senior and wish to earn credit by transient study, you must complete the final 16 hours at Ohio University if you have previously earned 96 or more hours in residence. If you have fewer than 96 hours earned here, you must complete a final residence requirement of 48 hours, and your major must include at least 12 hours of 300-400 level work from Ohio University. Any minor must include 8 hours of courses at the 300 400 level from Ohio University.
Before registering for courses at another institution to earn credit by transient study, you must secure approval from the dean. A visit to the Office of Student Affairs is essential to determine beforehand the value of the intended coursework and prevent any loss of credit in the transfer process. You may need a catalog and/or course description in order to complete the petition/approval form.
Every student in the College of Arts and Sciences is assigned an advisor. For stu-dents with declared majors, the advisor is a faculty member in the department of the major. For undecided majors, an advisor is assigned from arts and sciences faculty and administrative staff. It is expected that you will consult the department of your major to schedule a conference during the advising period before preregistration each quarter.
While advisor conferences are particularly encouraged during preregistration, it is recommended that you maintain regular contact for assistance with concerns related to academic and career planning. Any arrangements deviating from the major requirements must be communicated in writing by the department chair or the undergraduate advising chair to the dean's office. While an advisor may assist with scheduling, it is ultimately your responsibility to see that program requirements are met.
To change majors, contact the Office of Student Affairs. An advisor will be assigned or instructions given regarding a new advisor. All other matters pertain-ing to advisors are administered by the departmental offices.
General requirements for a B.A. or B.S. are (a) a minimum of 192 quarter hours, including (b) 90 hours of Arts and Sciences coursework above the 199 level; (c) the equivalent of two years of college-level foreign language; (d) at least 18 hours each of humanities, social sciences and natural sciences; (e) General Education Requirements - Tiers I, II, III - and (f) all requirements stipulated by the department for the chosen major. Minors are optional
A minimum of 192 quarter hours of credit is required for either a B.A. or B.S. However, you may acquire no more than 72 hours in any one subject for a B.A. and no more than 80 hours in one subject for a B.S. Any hours accumulated beyond the maximum allowed for the major area will necessitate an equivalent increase in the number of total hours required to graduate from Ohio University.
To receive a degree from the College of Arts and Sciences, you must have a minimum 2.0 g.p.a. on all of the following:
The graduation g.p.a. is computed after deductions for repeated and noncredit courses have been made. See the Credit and Grading section for information on repeated course removal.
Graduation requirements are defined by your catalog of entry and remain in effect for five years from your date of admission to Ohio University. An average course load of 16 hours a quarter is necessary to graduate in four years. Five years after entry, graduation requirements become redefined by the current catalog.
For specific information involving gradu-ation requirements, including residence requirements (i.e., the minimum num-ber of credit hours that you must complete at Ohio University), see the Graduation Requirements section.
The College of Arts and Sciences awards a B.A. or B.S. only once to a student who completes more than one major within the degree program (e.g., sociology and African American Studies). It is possible, however, to earn both a B.A. and a B.S. (e.g., Spanish and microbiology) or to earn degrees from separate degree-granting colleges (e.g., College of Arts and Sciences and College of Health and Human Services).
University policy requires the completion of a minimum of 208 quarter hours for the second degree(i.e., an additional 16 hours beyond the 192 required for the first degree), including all spe-cific requirements for both degree programs. For the guidelines to earning a second bachelor's degree, refer to the Graduation Requirements section.
To earn a degree in absentia, you must have:
For the clinical laboratory science pro-gram, you must receive the approval of the clinical laboratory science advisor. For any other in absentia programs, you must secure a statement from the dean of the college before you enter the pro-fessional school granting the degree in absentia privilege.
The degree in absentia is not available for programs in Arts and Sciences other than those listed in item 5 above.
Among the many study-abroad oppor-tunities offered by Ohio University are 10 programs coordinated by the College of Arts and Sciences. For information about these programs, contact the Study Abroad Coordinator for Arts and Sciences, Scott Quad 243. If you receive financial aid, plan to meet with your financial aid advisor at least one full quarter before you intend to study abroad.
Intensive French Abroad, Tours, France, spring quarter; Intensive German Abroad, Salzburg, Austria, spring quarter; Greek in Greece, on-site program in Greece and Turkey, spring quarter; Japanese Culture and Language Abroad, Chubu University, Nagoya, Japan, fall quarter; Russian Study Abroad, Moscow, Russia, spring quarter; Intensive Spanish Abroad, Merida, Mexico, winter quarter.
Odense University Exchange Program, Odense, Denmark, fall quarter or one academic year; Johannes Gutenberg University Exchange Program, Mainz, Germany, one academic year; University of New Castle, New Castle, Australia, one semester or one academic year; University of Wales Exchange Program, Swansea, Great Britain, one academic year.
London Summer Study Program, England, three weeks.
For additional study-abroad opportunities, contact theCenter for International Studies, Burson House.
University Publications and Computer Services revised this file (http://www.ohiou.edu/~ucat/97-98/colleges/artsci.htm) August 24, 1998.
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