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2004-2005 Undergraduate Catalog for Ohio University

Majors, Minors, and Certificate Programs


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This section outlines the specific requirements for every program in the College of Arts and Sciences that begin with the letters G and H.


Geography

Geography bridges the natural and the social sciences. It plays an important role today because many of the world's problems require understanding of the interdependence between human activities and the environments, both natural and cultural, in which these activities are carried out. Geography is an attractive major for students because its theories and methods provide analytical techniques applicable to a wide range of questions asked over a broad spectrum of occupations. For students planning to end their formal education with the bachelor's degree, a geograpy major provides marketable skills and the broad perspectives on environment and society that enable graduates to move beyond entry-level positions. For similar reasons, geography provides a sound foundation for students who plan to enter graduate work in a variety of fields, from geography to business, land use planning, law, and medicine.

In addition to the basic geography major, The Department of Geography at Ohio University offers several specialized curricula: environmental geography, enviornmental pre-law, geographic information systems, cartography, meteorology, and urban planning. Students also may earn a minor in geography or in meteorology.

Geography Major (B.S. or B.A.)
Major codes BS4231, BA4231

This program affords students flexibility in designing a curriculum that combines the traditions of physical and human geography with analytical and technical skills.

The requirements for a B.S. or B.A. in geography are

55 hours of approved geography courses, including:

GEOG 101            Physical Geography                 5

GEOG 121            Human Geography                    4

GEOG 268            Computer Applications              4

GEOG 271            Intro to Stat. in Geog.            5 

GEOG 481            Senior Seminar                     2

One regional course from the following:

GEOG 131            Globalization and the              
                    Developing World                   4

GEOG 132            Industrial World                   4

GEOG 232            Geography of Ohio                  4
   
GEOG 234            Geog. of U.S. and Canada           4

GEOG 330            Geog. of Western Europe            4

GEOG 331            Geography of Africa                4

GEOG 333            Appalachia:  Land and People       4

GEOG 334            Historical Geography of
                    the U.S.                           4
 
GEOG 335            Geography of Latin America         4

GEOG 338            Geography of Southeast Asia        4

Two technique course from the following:

GEOG 360            Cartography                        5

GEOG 361            Statistical Cartography            5

GEOG 365            Air Photo Interpretation           4

GEOG 370            GIS Applications                   4

GEOG 466            Remote Sensing                     5

GEOG 468            Automated Cartography              5

GEOG 476            Field Methods                      4        

GEOG 478            Priciples of GIS                   5

At least 30 hours at the 300 level or above. No more than 5 hours each of 485 or 490/494 can count toward the 55 hours in geography. Hours in 486 do not count toward this total. Work with your advisor to develop a plan to complete the University General Education Requirements.

Majors are not permitted to take geography and required courses pass/fail.

Geography Minor
Minor code OR4231

A minor in geography consists of a minimum of 28 hours including GEOG 101, 121, and at least three other courses at the 300 level or above.

Geography--Cartography Major (B.S. or B.A.)
Special curcula; major codes BS4236

Cartography, the art and science of mapmaking, is an integral part of geography. The spatial perceptions of geographers are translated into map form via various cartographic techniques.

This program addresses both the academic and technical aspects of cartography, leading to application and practical experience--the latter through a practicum and employment in the Ohio University Cartographic Center, an extension of the Cartography Program and the Department of Geography. The program stresses a strong background in geography, emphasizes cartography-related courses, and complements these courses with specific courses from related areas.

You must meet all requirements for a geography major with these additional specifications:

GEOG 260            Maps                               4

Minimum of 6 techniq
ue courses from:

GEOG 360            Cartography                        5

GEOG 361            Statistical Cartography            5

GEOG 365            Air Photo Interpretation           4

GEOG 370            GIS Applications                   4

GEOG 466            Remote Sensing                     5

GEOG 468            Automated Cartography              5

GEOG 478            Principles of GIS                  5

GEOG 479            Geographic Info Analysis           5

Computer Science

Two approved CS or MIS courses above the 199 level  8-10

Mathematics 

MATH 163A, B        Intro to Calculus                  7
or MATH 263A, B     Calculus                        or 8

Earth Sciences 

GEOL 101            Intro to Geology                   5

GEOG 315            Landforms and Landscapes           5 
or GEOL 330         Prin. of Geomorphology           
    
Other requirements

CE 210              Plane Surveying                    4

Work with your advisor to develop a plan to complete the University General Education Requirements.

Geography--Environmental Geography Major (B.S.)
Special curriculum; major code BS4232

This program provides concentrated study of the earth's physical systems and human interactions with the environment. Environmental geography prepares students for careers in environmental planning, design, and restoration, as well as in environmental assessment and monitoring, resource management, natural areas preservation, and outdoor and environmental education. Students completing the program will develop competencies in a broad array of subjects spanning the natural and social sciences, as well as complementary analytical techniques. If you declare the Environmental Geography major, contact the Department as soon as possible so that you may be assigned an advisor.

You must meet all requirements for a geography major with these additional specifications:

GEOG 201            Environmental Geog.                4

GEOG 241            Global Issues                      4

Two technique courses from the following:

GEOG 360            Cartography                        5

GEOG 361            Statistical Cartography            5

GEOG 365            Air Photo Interpretation           4

GEOG 370            GIS Applications                   4

GEOG 418            Biogeography Research              4

GEOG 466            Remote Sensing                     5

GEOG 468            Automated Cartography              5

GEOG 475            Geocomputing                       4

GEOG 476            Field Methods                      4

GEOG 478            Principles of GIS                  5

GEOG 479            Geographic info Analysis           5

Hours over 300 must include four courses from this list:

GEOG 302            Meteorology                        5

GEOG 303            Climatology                        5

GEOG 315            Landforms and Landscapes           5

GEOG 316            Biogeography                       4

GEOG 321            Population Geography               4

GEOG 329            World Economic Geography           4

GEOG 344            Agriculture Ecosystems             4

GEOG 350            Land Use Planning                  4

GEOG 353            Environmental Planning             4

GEOG 357            Environmental Law                  4

GEOG 358            Environ. Risk Assesment            4

GEOG 411            Advanced Physical Geography        4

GEOG 417            Landscape Ecology                  4

GEOG 440            Environ. Impact Analysis           4

GEOG 447            Natural Resource Conservation      4

GEOG 456            City and the Environment           4

General requirement

CHEM 121, 122, 123  Prin. of Chemistry                12
or 151, 152, 153    Fund. of Chemistry             or 15  

MATH 163A, B        Intro to Calculus                  7
or 263A, B,         Calculus                        or 8 
or 266A, B          Calculus w/Bio. Applications

Recommended electives
PHYS 201, 202, 203  Intro to Physics                  15

Choose at least three courses (portions of the Arts and Sciences natural sciences 
requirement) from either the Biological Sciences or Earth Sciences group below:

Biological Sciences

PBIO 109            Americans and their Forests        4

PBIO 114(*)         Cellular Foundations of
                    Plant Biology                      5

PBIO 115            Plant Structure and
                    Development                        4

PBIO 209            Plant Ecology                      4

PBIO 210            Plant Physiology                   4

PBIO 211            Diversity of Life                  5

PBIO 248            Trees and Shrubs                   4

PBIO 309            Plant Systematics and Ohio
                    Flora                              6

PBIO 410            Plants and Soil                    4

PBIO 426            Physiol. Plant Ecology             5

PBIO 435            Plant Population Biology           5

PBIO 436            Plant Community Ecology            5

BIOS 170,(*)171,    Intro to Zoology                  14
172, 173

BIOS 220(*)         Cons. and Biodiversity             4

BIOS 221            Microbes and Humans                3

BIOS 222            Microbes and Humans Lab            2

BIOS 275(*)         Ecology in the 21st Century        4

BIOS 375(*)         Animal Ecology                     4

BIOS 429            Marine Biology                     5

BIOS 431            Limnology                          5

BIOS 477            Population Ecology                 4

BIOS 478            Community Ecology                  4

BIOS 481(*)         Animal Conserv. Biology            4

*Credit is not awarded for both PBIO 114 and BIOS 170.   Credit is not awarded for 
both BIOS 220 and BIOS 481 or for both BIOS 275 and 375.

Earth Sciences

GEOL 101            Intro to Geology                   5

GEOL 211            Intro Oceanography                 4

GEOL 215            Environmental Geology              4

GEOL 231            Water and Pollution                4

GEOL 312            Earth Materials and Resources      5
	
GEOL 330            Prin. of Geomorphology             5

GEOL 427            Water Geochemistry                 4

GEOL 432            Origin and Classification 
                    of Soils                           4

GEOL 439            Fluvial Geomorphology              4
	
GEOL 471            Advanced Env. Geology              4

GEOL 480            Prin. of Hydrogeology              4

GEOL 481            Groundwater Flow Modeling          4

GEOL 483            Field Hydrology                    6

Social Sciences (portion of Arts and Sciences social sciences
area requirement)

Required course:

ECON 103            Prin. of Microeconomics            4

Select two additional course from the following list:

ANTH 378            Human Ecology                      4

ECON 313            Econ. of the Environment           4

ECON 314            Natural Resources Econ.            4

HIST 306            American Env. History              4

HIST 333            Oil and World Power                4
	
POLS 425            Environ. and Natural 
                    Resource Politics and Policy       4
	
POLS 426            Pol. of the Env. Movement          4

POLS 488            Public Dispute Resolution          4 
 
Work with your advisor to develop a plan to complete the University 
General Education Requirements. 

Geography-Environmental Prelaw (B.S.)
Special curriculum; major code BS4237

The Geography--Environmental Prelaw Program is designed to prepare you for advanced study of environmental law. The goal of the program is to provide both a sound science background in environmental studies and a broad base of knowledge in the humanities and social sciences.

You must meet all requirements for a geography major with these additional specifications/exceptions:

GEOG 201            Environ. Geography                 4

GEOG 241            Global Issues                      4

GEOG 260            Maps                               5

Only one technique course from the following list:

GEOG 365            Air Photo Interpretation           4

GEOG 370            GIS Applications                   4

GEOG 418            Biogeography Research              4

GEOG 466            Remote Sensing                     5

GEOG 476            Field Methods                      4

Hours over 300 must include 4 courses from this list:

GEOG 302            Meteorology                        5

GEOG 303            Climatology                        5 

GEOG 315            Landforms and Landscapes           5

GEOG 316            Biogeography                       4

GEOG 321            Population Geography               4

GEOG 325            Political Geography                4

GEOG 329            World Economic Geography           4 

GEOG 344            Agricultural Ecosystems            4 

GEOG 350            Land Use Planning                  4

GEOG 353            Environmental Planning             4

GEOG 358            Environ. Risk Assessment           4

GEOG 411            Adv. Physical Geography            4

GEOG 417            Landscape Ecology                  4

GEOG 440            Environ. Impact Analysis           4

GEOG 447            Natural Resource Conservation      4
                           
GEOG 456            City and the Environment           4 

Other Requirements
Work with your advisor to develop a plan to complete the University General Education Requirements. 

Humanities
Any 305J course (1J) PLUS any 3 courses from:

HIST 314A-C         Soc. and Cult. 
                    Hist. of U.S.                      4

HIST 314D-F         American and Social Thought        4

COMS 103            Fund. of Public Speaking           4

COMS 351            Courtroom Rhetoric                 4

COMS 352            Political Rhetoric                 4

COMS 353            Contemp. Rhetoric                  4

PHIL 120            Principles of Reasoning            4

PHIL 130            Intro to Ethics                    4

PHIL 240            Social & Political 
                    Philosophy                         4

PHIL 335            Environmental Ethics               4

THAR 113            Acting Fundamentals I              4

Social Sciences

Any 4 courses from:

BUSL 255            Law & Society                      4

ECON 103            Microeconomics                     4

ECON 104            Macroeconomics                     4

ECON 313(*)         Econ. of the Environ.              4                        

ECON 314(*          Nat. Res. Economics                4

HIST 306            American Env. History              4

POLS 374            Great Jurists                      4

POLS 401            American Const. Law                4   

POLS 402            American Const. Law                4

POLS 404            Civil Liberties                    4

POLS 409            Criminal Procedure                 5

POLS 410            Public Policy Analysis             4

POLS 412            Pub. Personnel Admin.              4

POLS 413            Administrative Law                 4

POLS 420            Women, Law, and Politics           4

POLS 425(*)         Environ. and Nat. Res. 
                    Politics and Policy                4 

POLS 426            Politics of the Env. Mvmt          4

POLS 488            Public Dispute Resolution          4
 
*strongly recommended

Natural Sciences

Choose at least 3 courses from Biological Sciences (except BIOS 217), Environmental and Plant Biology (except PBIO 217), and/or Geology.

General Requirements

CHEM 121,122,123    Prin. of Chemistry                12         
or CHEM 151,152,153 Fund. of Chemistry             or 15

MATH 163A, B        Intro to Calculus (2N)             7        
or MATH 263A, B     Calculus (2N)                   or 8

Geography-Geographic Information Systems Major (B.S.)
Special curriculum; major code BS4235

The goal of the geographic information systems program is to provide a technical background for geographers interested in working with business, government, or planning agencies. The emphasis of the program is first, to develop a strong background in the field of geographic information systems as practiced in the fields of cartography, remote sensing, and quantitative methods; and second, to develop cognate skills in the fields of computer science, economics, mathematics, and public administration.

You must meet all requirements for a geography major with these additional specifications:

Map Analysis Sequence

GEOG 260            Maps                               4

GEOG 360            Cartography                        5

GEOG 365            Air Photo Interpretation           4
or GEOG 361         Statistical Cartography            5
or GEOG 468         Automated Cartography             

Statistical Analysis Sequence

GEOG 471            Quantitative Methods               4

Digital Analysis Sequence

GEOG 466            Remote Sensing                     5

GEOG 478            Principles of GIS                  5

GEOG 479            Geographic Info Analysis           5

Application Support Sequence 

Two planning/management courses from the following:

GEOG 350            Land Use Planning                  4

GEOG 358            Environ. Risk Assessment           4

GEOG 440            Env. Impact Analysis               4

GEOG 447            Natural Resource Conservation      4

GEOG 475            Geocomputing                       4

GEOG 476            Field Methods                      4

or 

Two systemic specialization courses from the following:

GEOG 303            Climatology                        5

GEOG 315            Landforms and Landscapes           5

GEOG 316            Biogeography                       4

GEOG 321            Population Geography               4

GEOG 326            Urban Geography                    4

GEOG 417            Landscape Ecology                  4

Recommended Electives

CS 210              Programming in C                   5

CS 220              Intro to Computing                 5

CS 230              Computer Programming l             5

MATH 113            Algebra                            5

MATH 163A, B        Intro to Calculus                  7

MATH 211            Elementary Linear Algebra          4

Work with your advisor to develop a plan to complete the University General Education Requirements.

Geography-Meteorology Major (B.S.)
Special curriculum; major code BS4233

The following interdisciplinary program in the Departments of Geography, Mathematics, and Physics can prepare you for graduate training in meteorology, climatology, and atmospheric physics. The program can be taken with an emphasis in geography, mathematics, or physics (see departmental listings in this section). If you choose the geography emphasis, contact the Department of Geography for advising.

Freshman

CHEM 151            Fund. of Chemistry                 5

CHEM 152            Fund. of Chemistry                 5

GEOG 101            Physical Geography                 5

GEOL 101            Intro to Geology                   5

MATH 263A, B, C     Calculus (or advanced placement)  12

                    English composition                5

Sophomore 

GEOG 201            Environ. Geography                 4

GEOL 211            Oceanography                       4

MATH 263D           Calculus                           4

MATH 340            Differential Equations             4

MATH 440            Vector Analysis                    4

MATH 441            Fourier Series and
                    Partial Diff. Equations            4

PHYS 251, 252, 253  General Physics                   15

Junior 

GEOG 302            Meteorology                        5

GEOG 303            Climatology                        5

GEOG 304            Observ. in Meteorology             2

GEOG 305            Pract. in Meteorological 
                    Forecasting                        2

PHYS 311, 312       Mechanics                          8
                    
PHYS 411            Thermodynamics                     4

                    English  Composition               4

Senior

Two courses in computer programming or quantitative methods
(see advisor for approved list)   

GEOG 406            Intro to Synoptic 
                    Meteorology                        5

GEOG 407            Adv. Synoptic Meteorology          5

PHYS 414            Dynamic Meteorology I              4

PHYS 413            Dynamic Meteorology II             4

Geography emphasis requirements

GEOG 121            Human Geography                    4

GEOG 315            Landforms and Landscape            5
or GEOG 316         Biogeography                    or 4
or GEOG 411         Adv. Physical Geography        

GEOG 260            Maps                               4
or GEOG 360         Cartography                     or 5
or GEOG 365         Air Photo Interpretation   

Work with your advisor to develop a plan to complete the University General Education Requirements.

Geography/Meteorology Minor
Minor code OR4233

A minor in meteorology consists of a minimum of 28 hours including GEOG 101, 121, 302, 304, 305, 406, 407.

Geography-Urban Planning Major (B.S.)
Special curricula; major codes BS4234

These special curricula is designed to provide some of the basic academic requirements for a career in urban planning in the United States. While working toward a conventional B.S. in geography, you will take certain required courses and select from an approved list of electives (both inside and outside the Department of Geography) that emphasize legal, social, political, and historical aspects of the planning profession. These courses simultaneously fulfill some of the department and college requirements. The distinctiveness of the curriculum comes from the direction you are given and the preselection of courses in which you may enroll; these elements separate the special curriculum from the general geography program. To enroll in the preparation for urban and regional planning major, contact the chair of the Department of Geography as soon as possible, preferably not later than the beginning of your sophomore year.

The majority of job opportunities for planners are with government agencies at the local, state, and federal levels. Their activities largely concern administration and implementation of federal programs, and continued funding depends upon congress. While a bachelor's degree can provide initial entry into the profession, job descriptions usually specify a master's degree. It is recommended that you continue toward such a degree, which involves an additional two years of study and is offered by more than 70 American universities.

You must meet all requirements for a geography major with these additional specifications:

Hours over 300 must include

GEOG 326            Urban Geography                    4

GEOG 456            The City & the Environment         4

Two of the following:

GEOG 329            World Economic Geography           4

GEOG 350            Land Use Planning                  4

GEOG 353            Environmental Planning             4

GEOG 455            Evolution of Planning              4

Choice of two technique courses from the following:

GEOG 360            Cartography                        5

GEOG 361            Statisical Geography               5

GEOG 365            Air Photo Interpretation           4

GEOG 370            GIS Applications                   4

GEOG 466            Remote Sensing                     5

GEOG 468            Automated Cartography              5

GEOG 478            Principles of GIS                  5

Three of the following:

GEOL 101            Intro to Geology                   5

GEOL 231            Water and Pollution                4

GEOG 315            Landforms and Landscapes           5
or GEOL 330         Prin. of Geomorphology  

GEOG 316            Biogeography                       4

GEOG 417            Landscape Ecology                  4

Other Departments (12 hrs)

Except for MGT 202, these courses currently fulfill the social sciences 
area requirement of the College of Arts and Sciences.

ECON 103            Prin. of Microeconomics            4
or ECON 303         Microeconomics                     4

ECON 104            Prin. of Macroeconomics            4
or ECON 304         Microeconomics                     4

MGT 202             Management                         4

POLS 320            Urban Politics                     4

SOC 424             Urban Sociology                    4

Work with your advisor to develop a plan to complete University General
Education Requirements.

Electives

Try to take the remaining credit hours necessary for graduation from the following:

BUSL 442            Law of Property and 
                    Real Estate                        4

ECON 213            Current Economic Prob.             4

ECON 303            Microeconomics                     4                                  

ECON 304            Macroeconomics                     4

ECON 360            Money and Banking                  4

HIST 317A           Ohio History to 1851               4

HIST 317B           Ohio History Since 1851            4

POLS 101            American Nat. Govt.                4

POLS 102            Issues in Amer. Politics           4

POLS 210            Princ. of Public Admin             4

POLS 408            Urban Public Admin.                4

POLS 410            Public Policy Analysis             4

POLS 424            Intergovernmental Relations 
                    in the U.S.                        4
 
POLS 425            Environ. and Natural 
                    Resource Politics and Policy       4

PSY 335             Environmental Psych.               5

SOC 101             Intro to Sociology                 5

SOC 201             Contemp. Social Problems           4

SOC 230             Sociology of Poverty               4

SOC 425             Sociology of Aging                 4                                  

SW 101              Intro to Social Welfare 
                    and Social Work                    3

SW 290              Social Welfare as an Inst.         4
 
SW 395              Aging in the Welfare State         4

Outside the College of Arts and Sciences

EH 310              Water Supply and 
                    Wastewater Environ. 
                    Health Practice                    4

EH 312              Solid and Hazardous 
                    Waste Management                   4

EH 320              Shelter Environments               4

HREC 310            Prog. Planning and Facil. 
                    for Recreation                     5

COMS 205            Group Discussions                  4

COMS 304            Prin. and Tech. 
                    of Interviewing                    4

REAL 101            Real Estate Prin. and Prac.        4

REAL 201            Real Estate Appraising             4

REAL 204            Real Estate Finance                4

Geogolical Sciences

Geological Sciences Major (B.S.)
Major codes BS3321

Required courses for the B.S. degree in minimum preparation for a professional career in geological sciences or entry into graduate school include 62 hours og geology:
GEOL 101            Intro to Geology                   5

GEOL 205            Statistical Methods                4

GEOL 255            Historical Geology                 4

GEOL 315            Mineralogy                         5

GEOL 320            Peterology                         3

GEOL 330            Prin. of Geomorphology             5

GEOL 340            Prin. of Invertebrate 
                    Paleontology                       4

GEOL 350            Stratigraphy-Sedimentology         4

GEOL 360            Structural Geology                 5

GEOL 420            Petrography                        5

GEOL 446            Earth Systems Evolution            4

GEOL 466            Geodynamics                        4

GEOL 465A           Field Camp I                       4

GEOL 475B           Field Camp II                      5

At least three additional 400 level courses.  If conducting a senior
thesis:  at least wo additional 400 level courses.

Extradepartmental requirements 

CHEM 151, 152, 153  Fund. of Chemistry                15
or CHEM 121,
122,123                                            or 12

Math 263A, B        Calculus                           8

PHYS 201, 202(*     Intro to Physics                  10
or251,252,253 General Physics                      or 15
*Discuss the selection of an appropriate physics sequence with your advisor. PHYS 203 may be required for some graduate programs.

Geological Sciences Major (B.A.)
Major code BA3321

Requirements for the B.A. degree are designed for students interested in applying a general understanding of the geological sciences to such fields as education, library science, technical writing, or other areas where a general knowledge of earth science is desired. They include 52 hours of geology:
GEOL 101            Intro to Geology                   5

GEOL 205            Statistical Methods                4 

GEOL 255            Historical Geology                 4

GEOL 315            Mineralogy                         5

GEOL 320            Petrology                          4

GEOL 330            Prin. of Geomorphology             5

GEOL 340            Prin. of Invertebrate 
                    Paleontology                       4

GEOL 350            Stratigraphy-Sedimentol.           4

GEOL 360            Structural Geology                 5

GEOL 466            Geodynamics                        4

at least two additional courses at the 400 level

Extradepartmental requirements

CHEM 121, 122       Prin. of Chemistry                 8

PHYS 201            Intro to Physics                   5

MATH 115            Precalculus                        5

Consult the departmental undergraduate advisor regarding appropriate minors to be combined with the B.A. degree.

Geological Sciences Minor
Minor code OR3321

A minor in geological sciences requires a minimum of 25 hours of coursework in geological sciences to include 101, 255, and a minimum of three courses at the 300-400 level.

Geological Sciences-Environmental Geology Major (B.S.)
Special curriculum; major code BS3323

The preprofessional program in environmental geology is designed to provide you with broad training in preparation for a career in conservation, natural resource management, land-use planning, or environmental quality control. In most instances, you should anticipate further training at the graduate level. Consult with the undergraduate advisor in the Department of Geological Sciences before planning your schedule of coursework.

The courses listed below constitute the departmental requirements for this program. Schedule additional courses to fulfill Arts and Sciences and University General Education Requirements.

Major courses include 54 hours of geolgoy

GEOL 101            Intro. to Geology                  5

GEOL 205            Statistical Methods                4

GEOL 255            Historical Geology                 4

GEOL 315            Mineralogy                         5

GEOL 320            Petrology                          4

GEOL 330            Prin. of Geomorphology             5

GEOL 350            Stratigraphy-Sedimentology         4

GEOL 360            Structural Geology                 5

GEOL 427            Water Geochemistry                 4

GEOL 480            Principals of Hydrogeology         4

GEOL 475A           Field Camp I                       4

GEOL 475B           Field Camp II                      4

Natural science courses

BIOS 220            Conserv. and Biodiversity          4

CHEM 151, 152, 153  Fund. of Chemistry                15
or CHEM 121, 122, 123                              or 12

CHEM 301, 302       Organic Chemistry                  6

MATH 263A, 263B     Calculus                           8

BIOS 221, 222       Environ. Microbiology              6

PHYS 201,202        Intro to Physics                  10
or PHYS 251,252,253 General Physics                or 15

Social Science courses

BUSL 370            Environmental Law                  4

ECON 313            Econ. of the Environment           4
or ECON 314         Nat. Resources Economics   

GEOG 478            Geog. Info. Systems                5

A minimum of two courses from the following list:

Natural Sciences

BIOS 376            Field Ecology                       4

BIOS 431            Limnology                           5

CHEM 325            Instr. Methods of Analysis          4

CHEM 431            Chemical Sep. Methods               3

CHEM 432            Chem. Instrumentation 
                    and Electrochemistry                3

CHEM 433            Spectrochemical Analysis            3

GEOG 302            Meteorology                         5

GEOG 303            Climatology                         5

GEOL 432            Orig. and Class. of Soils           4

GEOL 434            Intro to Remote Sensing             4

GEOL 476            Subsurface Methods                  4

GEOL 481            Groundwater Flow Modeling           4

GEOL 485            Intro to Appl. Geophysics           4

PBIO 410            Plants and Soils                    4

PBIO 425            Plant Ecology                       5

Social Science

ECON 313            Econ. of the Environment            4

ECON 314            Nat. Resources Economics            4

ECON 335            Economics of Energy                 4

GEOG 350            Land Use Planning                   4

GEOG 353            Environmental Planning              4

GEOG 365            Remote Sensing                      5

GEOG 440            Environ. Impact Analysis            4

GEOG 447            Resource Management                 5

GEOG 475            Analysis of Geog. Systems           4

GEOG 479            Adv. Geographic Information 
                    Systems                             5

POLS 425            Environ. and Natural 
                    Res. Politics and Policy            4

German

See Modern Languages.

Gerontology Certificate Program

The Colleges of Arts and Sciences and Health and Human Services jointly sponsor the undergraduate Gerontology Certificate Program for students in any major program within the University who want to gain knowledge and skills for a career in working with the elderly. Completion of this program is officially recognized on your transcript upon graduation.

See the College of Health and Human Services section for Gerontology Certificate Program requirements.

Global Learning Community

The Global Learning Community (GLC) is an innovative program that prepares students for leadership opportunities in a rapidly changing world. Open to all majors, the GLC brings together the resources of the colleges of Communication, Arts and Sciences, and Business in an interdisciplinary 30 quarter-hour residential program on global issues, with a strong emphasis on real-world projects and problem-solving skills.

GLC courses are not traditional classes with lectures, tests, and papers. Instead, students work in project teams on real-world problems and issues. Each GLC student completes at least two international and cross-cultural projects.

For additional information, see the complete program description in the "University-Wide Academic Opportunities" section or visit the GLC web site: http://www.ohiou.edu/glc/

Global Studies in Plant Biology

One of only a few programs in the United States to integrate study abroad with opportunity for research by undergraduate natural science majors. Although the ecological and geographic theme will change from year to year, the program is designed to spotlight physiographic regions and their plant life through a series of three interrelated courses: an introductory seminar, an intensive international field course, and a laboratory research course. Contact the Department of Environmental and Plant Biology or visit the Global Studies in Plant Biology Web site: http://oak.cats.ohiou.edu/~ballardh/globalstudies/.

Greek

See Classics and World Religions

History

History Major (B.A.)
Major code BA4211

The major requirement for the B.A. degree consists of a minimum of 56 hours. This total includes:
132                 Intro to Non-Western Hist. 
                    to 1750                             4

133                 Intro to Non-Western Hist. 
                    Since 1750                          4

200                 Survey:  U.S. History, 1600-1865    4

201                 Survey:  U.S. History, 1865-present 4

8 hours from either of the following series:

(courses selected must be "adjacent," e.g., 103 and 102, or 122 and either 121 or 123)

101                 Western Civ. in Modern Times   
                    (Renaissance-1648)                  4

102                 Western Civ. in Modern Times      
                    (1648-1848)                         4

103                 Western Civ. in Modern Times   
                    (1848-Present)                      4
or 121              Western Heritage: Classical         4

122                 Western Heritage: Medieval          4

123                 Western Heritage: Modernity         4

32 hours at the 300-400 level, including

301J                Historical Research 
                    and Writing                         4
(You are strongly urged to complete 301J early in your junior year.)

Select ONE of the following areas and complete three courses (12 hrs). ALSO, complete four additional courses (16 hrs) by choosing TWO courses from EACH of the remaining areas.

Europe: Must include one course on material predominantly before 1500, one from 1500-1800, and one course after 1800.

Non-western (Latin America, Middle East, Africa, Asia): Must include one course on material predominantly before 1800, one from the 19th century, and one course from the 20th century.

North America (Canada, United States): Must include one course before 1800, one from the 19th century, and one course from the 20th century.

With the help of your advisor, you will need to develop a coherent plan of study. The emphasis will be to select courses that inter-relate within a particular area. Your advisor will be critical to your success in choosing an appropriate plan of study.

Students with g.p.a.'s of 3.0 and above will be informed about internship opportunities or encouraged to write a senior honors thesis.

History Minor
Minor code OR4211

A minor in history consists of a minimum of 28 hours, including at least 8 hours at the 100-200 level and at least 16 hours at the 300-400 level, in an academically cohesive program that you will plan in consultation with a history faculty advisor.

History Pre-Foreign Service Major (B.A.)
Special curriculum; major code BA4212

To prepare for the annual foreign service officer examinations, you are advised to acquire as broad an education as possible. Facility in written and spoken English; competency in a foreign language; and a good background in economics, history, political science, business, or public administration are essential. A pre-foreign service major is available through the Departments of Economics, History, or Political Science. You can obtain detailed information about foreign service officer examinations, including sample questions from previous examinations, from these departments.

History-Prelaw (B.A.)
Special curriculum; major code BA4214

If you are in the College of Arts and Sciences and plan to enter law school, complete the specific requirements for the Bachelor of Arts degree. No special curriculum is prescribed. As a prelaw major, you may complete a major of your principal interest. The Departments of Economics, English, History, Philosophy, Political Science, and Sociology have designated prelaw advisors. For further information, see Law in this section.

History-Pretheology Major (B.A.)
Special curriculum; major code BA4213

If you plan to enter a theological seminary or to do graduate study in religion, it is recommended that you take a broad program of undergraduate courses, including the following (with minimum credit suggested in each area): philosophy (12); courses on the texts and history of religions (15); English composition and literature, and world literature (21); history, including HIST 354, 356C, and 370 (15); social sciences (21); foreign languages (18); natural sciences (9); public speaking (3). Arrange your program to meet the requirements of the B.A. degree and the University General Education Requirements. It is advisable to major in philosophy, English, or one of the social sciences. Check the entrance requirements of the theological seminaries, other religious educational institutions, or graduate schools of your choice and plan your curriculum accordingly. A pretheology major also is available from the Departments of History and Philosophy.

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