This section outlines the specific requirements for every program in the College of Arts and Sciences that begin with the letter B .
The commmon requirements for the B.S. in biological sciences are as follows:
A minimum of 54 quarter hours earned in biological science (BIOS) coursework. This may require several BIOS electives in addition to the courses listed under each specialized track. The non-major courses; BIOS 100, 103, 220, 225, and 392 do not count.
At least three upper-level 300-400 level courses in biological sciences must have a laboratory component. (L) indicates BIOL laboratory course or a BIOS course with a laboratory component.
If you plan to attend a graduate school, it is strongly recommended that you take BIOS 493 or BIOS 494H (Undergraduate Research) in your junior and/or senior year. See the biological sciences Web page for opportunities in undergraduate research.
Consult your DARS and your academic advisor when choosing courses to fulfill University and College requirements.
Unless otherwise indicated, BIOS departmental courses may be retaken only once.
The following is a list of core science requirements for biological sciences students in the first two years, regardless of specialization (Major code). Exceptions and additional courses are listed under each major code, but the list below is common for most students pursuing a degree in biology.
BIOS 170(L),171(L), 172, 173(L) Intro to Zoology 14 BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4 CHEM 151,152,153 Fundamentals Chem 15 CHEM 301,302 Organic Chemistry 6 or 305-307 Organic Chemistry or 9 PSY 221 Statistics 5 MATH 266A, 266B Calculus w/App Biology 8 PHYS 201-203 or 251-253 Physics 15Junior and senior-level course requirements are determined by area of specialization. Freshman
Biological Sciences Minor
Minor code OR2121
Requirements for the minor in biological sciences consist of a minimum of 27 BIOS credit hours, including
BIOS 170(L), 171(L), 172, 173(L) Introduction to Zoology 14 At least one of the following: BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4Additional graded BIOS coursework at 300 level or above to reach 27 hours.
You must have a minimum g.p.a. of 2.0 in BIOS course work taken for the minor.
Honors Program in Biology
Outstanding students who are not part of the Honors Tutorial College may graduate with Departmental Honors. These students may be in any BIOS area of spcializiation (major code). Departmental Honors requires that a student:
- Graduate with an overal g.p.a. of at least 3.5, i.e. cum laude.
- Complete a senior hours research thesis with one of the faculty in the Department (this requires registering for BIOS 494H and 495H.
Graduation with Departmental Honors is a special achievement that offers:
- Special recognition at graduation and on the degree certificate.
- In-depth hands-on research experience in the laboratory of a faculty member.
- Direct and close interaction with a faculty member over the course of an entire year.
Freshman BIOS 170(L), 171(L), 172, 173(L) Intro to Zoology 14 CHEM 151,152,153 Chemistry 15 PSY 221 Statistics 5 or MATH 250,251 Prob and Statistics 8 Math 266A, 266B Calculus w/App Biology 8 Sophomore BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4 CHEM 301,302 Organic Chemistry 6 or 305,306,307 or 9 PHYS 201,202,203 Physics 15 or 251,252 or 262, 253Some graduate or professional programs may require organic chemistry labs CHEM 303, 304 or 308, 309.
At least one course must be taken from three of the five areas below:
A student in the Integrated Biology major my pusue one of the following special interests:
Clinical Laboratory Science and Medical Technology Students in Integrated Biological Sciences or any other biological sciences major track may choose to enter a Clinical Laboratory Sciences internship provided they have taken Microbiology (BIOS 321) and Immunology (BIOS 489A and B). A year spend in a licensed clinical facility qualifies a student to take the American Society of Clinical Pathologists registry exam to become an officially registered medical technologist. This program prepares students for work in hospital laboratories, public health bureaus, and other laboratories concerned with medical diagnosis and investigation. The job market is excellent. Coruses taken during the intrnship may count towards total credit hours in Biological Sciences if the student is registered at Ohio University, but do not substitute for particular course requirements. Students are strongly urged to see a clinical laboratory faculty advisor during their sophomore year if they are interested in this program.
A student with an interest in exercise physiology may take courses designed to prepare for graduate studies in exercise or applied physiology. An Integrated Biological Sciences Major may pursue an interest in exercise physiology by taking Human Anatomy (BIOS 301) and Human Physiology (BIOS 345, 346) as Junior/Seniors. Biomechanics (BIOS 352) and Physiology of Exercise (BIOS 445, 446) are additional specialized courses available to students in this field. A student interested in pursuing the field of exercise physiology must see the faculty advisor in that field by the end of sophomore year.
Students who are interested in graduate study in neuroscience; neuroscience research in conjuntion with a professional career in medicine, pharmacology, or dentistry; professional career in medicine, pharmacology, or dentistry; or research technician positions should consider this option. Integrated Biological Sciences Majors interested in this track must see the faculty advsior in the Neuroscience Program at the end of their sophomore year. Specialized neuroscience courses are required in the junior and senior years. Students are strongly encouraged to pursue undergraduate research since neuroscience careers almost exclusively involve research. The Neuroscience Program provides, on a competitive basis, stipend and support for research during the summer of the third year.
Freshman BIOS 170(L), 171(L), 172, 173
Sophomore BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4 BIOS 321(L) General Microbiology 5 CHEM 305, 306, 307 Organic Chemistry 9 CHEM 303, 304 Organic Chemistry Labs 4 PHYS201,202,203 Physics 15 or 251,252 or 262,253 Junior/Senior BIOS 326(L) Genetics Lab 4 BIOS 426 Molecular Genetics 4 BIOS 427 Mechanisms/Gene Regulation 3 CHEM 490, 491 General Biochemistry I, II 7 Two of the following elective cellular/molecular courses: BIOS 342, 354(L) Prin Physiology I, Lab 5 BIOS 343, 355(L) Prin Physiology II, Lab 5 BIOS 407 Developmental Biology 4 BIOS 414 Molecular Cellular Neurosci 4 BIOS 424A, B(L) Virology, Lab 5 BIOL 425 Evolutionary Genetics 4 BIOL 450 Princ of Endocrinology 4 BIOS 489(L) Microbial Physiology 5 BIOS 422(L) Microbial Techniques 5 PBIO 450 Biotech, Genetic Eng 4
BS2126 includes a minimum of 54 hours in BIOS.
BIOS 170(L), 171(L) 172, 173(L) Intro to Zoology 14 CHEM 151, 152, 153 Chemistry 15 PSY 221 Statistics 5 or Math 250, 251 Prob and Statistics or 8 Math 266A, 266B Calculus w/App Biology 8 Sophomore BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Evolution 4 BIOS 375 Animal Ecology 4 CHEM 301, 302 Organic Chemsitry 6 or CHEM 305, 306, 307 or 9 PHYS 201, 202, 203 Physics 15 or 251, 252 or 262, 253 Junior-Senior BIOS 321(L) Microbiology 5 or PBIO 211 Diversity of Life BIOS 342, 354(L) Prin of Physiology I, Lab 5 or BIOS 463 Cell Chemistry or 4 BIOS 343, 355(L) Prin of Physiology II, Lab 5 or GEOG 201 Environmental Geography or 4 BIOS 376(L) Field Ecology 4 or BIOS 429(L) Marine Biology or 5 or BIOS 431(L) Limnology or 5 BIOS 303 Comp. Vert. Anatomy 6 or BIOS 430(L) Invertebrate Zoology or BIOS 435(L) Enthomology or BIOS 456(L) Ichthyology BIOS 491(L) Internship 3
The Department of Biological Sciences provides a program for undergraduate majors who are interested in microbiology. This program provides the necessary background and extensive lab experience to pursue a variety of careers in the areas of: research and product development (e.g. immunology, vaccines, antimicrobials, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology), food and water quality control, microbial ecology, and clinical laboratory science. Graduates of this program are also prepared for further graduate studies in medicine, dentistry, optometry, public health, microbiology or molecular biology. With current interest and advances in molecular biology and genetics, emerging pathogens such as HIV and food-borne illness, the career opportunities and outlook are very good.
Students in this program are encouraged in participate in research opportunities their junior-senior years to prepare for a successful career in research and development.
BS0411 includes a minimumof 56 hours in BIOS.
BIOS 170(L),171(L), 172, 173(L) Introduction to Zoology 14 CHEM 151,152,153 Fund. of Chemistry 15 PSY 221 Statistics 5 or MATH 250,251 Prob and Statistics 8 MATH 266A* Calculus w/App Biology 8 *Students who change special curricula (major codes) within Biology will also be required to take MATH 266B. or MATH 163A,163B Intro to Calculus 7 Sophomore BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4 or BIOS 385 Microbal Ecology or 3 BIOS 321(L) General Microbiology 5 CHEM 305,306,307 Organic Chemistry 9 PHYS 201,202,203 Physics 15 or 251,252 or 262,253 Junior-Senior BIOS 486A, B(L) Immunology, Lab 5 BIOS 489(L) Microbial Physiology 5 BIOS 426 Molecular Genetics 3 CHEM 241, 242 Quantitative Analysis 5 CHEM 490, 491 General Biochemistry I, II 7 At least 12 hours, including 2 lab courses from: BIOS 326(L) Lab Genetics 4 BIOS 385 Microbial Ecology 3 BIOS 422(L) Microbial Techniques 5 BIOS 423A,423B(L) Pathogenic Bacteriology, Lab 5 BIOS 424A,424B(L) Virology, Lab 5 BIOS 427 Gene Regulation 3 BIOS 441A, 441B(L) Parisitology, Lab 5
BS2507 includes a minimumof 55 hours in BIOS.
BIOS 170(L),171(L), 172,173(L) Intro to Zoology 14 CHEM 151,152,153 Chemistry 15 PSY 221 Statistics 5 or MATH 250, 251 Prob and Statistics or 8 MATH 266A(*) Calculus w/App Biology 4 PSY 101 General Psychology 5 Psy 273 Child Adolescent Psy 4 *Students who change special curricula (major codes) within Biology will be required to take MATH 266B in addition. Sophomore BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 General Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4 CHEM 301, 302 Organic Chemistry 6 or 305,306,307 or 9 PHYS 201,202 203, Physics 15 or 251,252 or 262,253 PT 259A Intro to Phys. Therapy 2 Junior-Senior BIOS 301(L) Human Anatomy 6 BIOS 345,346(L) Human Physiology, Lab 7 BIOS 413(L) Human Neuroscience 4 BIOS 445,446(L) Phys. of Exercise Lab 7 BIOS 463 Cell Chemistry 4 Recommended Elective: PT 259B Intro to PT-Clinical Exp. 4 Additional recommended electives that fulfill Tier II and Arts and Sciences distribution requirements and are required by some PT schools: CLAS 227 Greek and Latin Roots 4 PHIL 101 Fund Philosophy 4 or PHIL 130 Intro to Ethics
While no specific major is required by any of these schools, this curriculum provides students with a degre in Biological Sciences, prepares them for their professional school experience, and fulfills course requirements for entry into most schools. Applicants to these schools are required to take one of the following admisison tests: Dental Admission Test (DAT), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). Optometry Admission Test (OAT), and either the Veterinary Admission Test (VAT) or Graduate Record Exam (GRE) for veterinary school.
Students are encouraged to choose an academic advisor who specializes in the type of professional school he or she is interested in attending. a student should contact the schools of choice and consult both academic advisor and the department pre-professional advisor for specific course and exam requirements.
Bs2127 includes a minimum of 54 hours in BIOS>
Freshman BIOS 170(L), 171(L) 172, 173(L) Intro to Zoology 14 CHEM 151, 152, 153 Chemistry 15 PSY 221 Statistics 5 or MATH 250, 251 Prob and Statistics or 8 MATH 266A, 266B Calculus w/App Biology 8 Sophomore BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4 BIOS 321(L) General Microbiology 5 CHEM 305, 306, 307* Organic Chemistry 9 PHYS 201, 202, 203 or 251, 252 or 262, 253 Physics 15 Junior-Senior BIOS 303(L) Comp. Vert. Anatomy 6 BIOS 321(L) General Microbiology 5 BIOS 342, 354(L) Prin. of Physiology I, Lab 5 BIOS 343 Prin. of Physiology II 5 CHEM 490, 491** General Biochemsitry I, II 7 or BIOS 463 Cell Chemistry or 4 *Many medical and dental schools require organic chemistry labs for admission. Students considering these careers should take: CHEM 303, 304 Organic Chemistry Lab 5 or CHEM 308, 309 or 6 **Students considering medical school or veterinary school should take CHEM 490,491 to fulfill their biochemistry requirement. Many optometry schools require a psychology course for admission. The following is recommended for students interested in this career track: PSY 101 General Psychology 5
Tier II social science electives can be chosen to meet the requirements of the Environmentl Studies Certificate program. For federal job and employment information, check the following Web site: http://www.usajobs.opm.gov/.
BS2515 includes a minimum of 56 horus in BIOS.
Freshman BIOS 170(L), 171(L) 172,173(L) Intro to Zoology 14 CHEM 151,152,153 Fund. of Chemistry 15 PSY 221 Statistics 5 or MATH 250,251 Prob and Statistics or 8 MATH 266A, 266B Calculus w/App Biology 8 Sophomore BIOS 320 Cell Biology 4 BIOS 325 Genetics 5 BIOS 330 Principles of Evolution 4 CHEM 301, 302 Organic Chemistry 6 or 305,306,307 or 9 PHYS 201, 202 Physics 10 or 251,252 or 262 Junior-Senior BIOS 303(L) Comp Vert. Anatomy 6 BIOS 375 Animal Ecology 4 BIOS 376(L) Field Ecology 4 BIOS 491(L) Internships 3 At least 12 hours in wildlife subjects including at least one lab course from: BIOS 471(L) Ornithology 6 BIOS 474(L) Mammalogy 6 BIOS 477 Population Ecology 4 BIOS 478 Community Ecology 4 BIOS 481 Animal Conservation Biology 4 BIOS 458(L) Biology of Amphibians(*) 3 BIOS 459(L) Biology of Reptiles (*) 3 BIOS 465(L) Ichtyology(*) 6 The following 14 hours in PBIO courses: PBIO 211 Diversity of Life 5 PBIOO 248 Trees and Shrubs 4 PBIO 435 Plant Population Biology 5 or PBIO 436 Plant Community Ecology or PBIO 437 Ecosystem Ecology
*BIOS 465, BIOS 458, and BIOS 459 may be used to fulfill elective requirements for this track, but do not meet federal civil service register requirements as wildlife subjects.