Ohio University

Political Science Graduate Courses

<h2>BIOS 5010 - Human Anatomy</h2><p>Provides basic and advanced training in body structure/function relations for students who have only limited undergraduate exposure to Human Anatomy. Beyond the basic course requirements, graduate students will be assigned an additional, in-depth survey or research paper on an advanced topic in functional human anatomy. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Permission required</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5030 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy</h2><p>Comparative study of the anatomy of vertebrates. Structure, function, and evolution of the vertebrate body forms and organ systems are compared. Extensive lab work covers each of the major classes of vertebrates and includes dissection. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 5</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5070 - Developmental Biology</h2><p>Mechanisms of animal development at tissue, cellular, and molecular levels of organization, with emphasis on experimental approaches. Integrates genetics, cell biology, and molecular biology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5140 - Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience</h2><p>Introduction to the molecular and cellular basis of the functioning of the nervous system. Topics include morphology, excitable properties of neurons, mathematical modeling, synaptic function, molecular biology, signal transduction, gene expression, and neuronal development.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5150 - Systems and Cognitive Neuroscience</h2><p>Neural mechanisms of sensation (vision, hearing, touch, etc.), movement control (balance, locomotion, orienting, reaching, etc.), and cognitive processes (memory, emotion, decision making, etc.). In each class, students hear a lecture and discuss assigned articles from the research literature. A major goal is to train students in critical analysis of primary journal articles. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 5140</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5160 - Biogeography</h2><p>An examination of historical, environmental, and biotic influences that shape spatial patterns of plant and animal distributions and community structure in the contemporary landscape. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5180 - Methods in Computational Neuroscience</h2><p>Lecture, discussion, and computer lab. Introduction to mathematical and computational techniques for modeling single neurons and networks of neurons. Cable theory; Rall's model; compartmental models; introduction to available software for simulating neurons and networks of neurons; modeling of action potentials, Hodgkin-Huxley equations, synaptic conductances, and voltage-dependent conductances; Hebbian synapses; synaptic modification rules; quantal analysis; neural networks. Students are expected to complete a simulation project using one of the available software packages. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5210 - General Microbiology</h2><p>Overview of bacteria, protista, viruses, and their relationship to us and our environment. Lab training in common microbiological methods. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5230 - Pathogenic Bacteriology</h2><p>A molecular approach is used to discuss bacterial pathogenesis and disease manifestations. Topics include some aspects of immunity and pathogen control.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5240 - Virology</h2><p>Intended to familiarize students with the principles of virology and focuses on human and animal viruses. Emphasis is placed on the molecular events following virus-cell interaction, which are critical to viral replication and pathology. Topics also include viral evolution, novel infectious agents, use of viruses for gene therapy, and modern methods of studying viruses. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5250 - Evolutionary Genetics</h2><p>Basic concepts of population genetics (mutation, gene flow, natural selection, genetic drift). Rates, patterns, and processes of molecular evolution at the population and species level. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5260 - Molecular Genetics</h2><p>Topics will emphasize the interaction of microbial genetics with molecular biology and biotechnology. Genetics of selected bacteria, their bacteriophages, and yeast are covered. Topics include the genetic elements of bacteria, bacteriophage, and yeast; mutations and mutagenesis, mitochondrial genetics and prions, mechanisms of gene transfer and recombination, regulation of gene expression, and recombinant DNA. Students are recommended to take BIOS 3210. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5270 - Mechanisms of Gene Regulation</h2><p>Class is intended for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. An in-depth discussion of the molecular events that regulate eukaryotic gene expression. Topics also include gene regulation during differentiation and development, aberrant transcription and disease, generation and utility of transgenic animals, and genomics-based analysis of gene expression.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5290 - Marine Biology</h2><p>Biological processes in marine and estuarine habitats, and adaptations for life at sea; emphasis on environmental variables affecting distribution, abundance, and dynamics of marine plants and animals. Includes optional four day field trip to marine environment. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5310 - Aquatic Biology</h2><p>Physical, chemical, and biological processes in lakes and running waters. Emphasis on the collection and analysis of environmental and ecological data describing populations and communities. Lab includes field sampling of local habitats. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5360 - Field Entomology</h2><p>Iintroduces students to insect taxonomy and field sampling methods. Emphasis on equipment and protocols for collecting/monitoring insects in their natural habitats, and laboratory procedures for identifying and preserving specimens. Students will become familiar with common insect families and the use of taxonomic keys to identify them. Grades based on field projects, laboratory practicals, and a final project (insect collection).</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5410 - Parasitology</h2><p>Etiology of human parasites, their transmission, diagnosis, and prevention.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5420 - Principles of Physiology I</h2><p>Function of animal cells and organs emphasizing the physical and chemical principles underlying physiological processes. Focus on membrane properties of excitable and nonexcitable cells, chemical messengers and regulators, fluid balance, and nutrient balance.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 5.0</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible grades: A-F,WP,WF,FN,FS,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5440 - Tropical Disease Biology</h2><p>Provides an overview of the nature, impact, and management of tropical diseases. Examines tropical diseases as systems.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5450 - Physiology of Exercise</h2><p>Fundamental concepts and application of organ systems' responses to exercise: special reference to skeletal muscle metabolism, energy expenditure, cardio-respiratory regulation, and training and environmental adaptations.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5460 - Physiology of Exercise Laboratory</h2><p>Laboratory experience to complement materials covered in Physiology of Exercise Lecture and survey of skills and techniques used in exercise physiology settings.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 5450 or concurrent and WARNING: No credit for both this course and EXPH 2150 and WARNING: No credit for this course if taken after BIOS 5460</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5500 - Principles of Endocrinology</h2><p>Endocrine control of mammalian homeostasis and metabolism. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5570 - Animal Systematics</h2><p>Principles and methods of systematic zoology. Numerical methods and hypothetico-deductive reasoning applied to study of organismic diversity (taxonomy) and geographic distribution (biogeography). Use of computer stressed. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 1.0 discussion</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5620 - Animal Ecological Physiology</h2><p>Examines how organismal physiology is affected by the physical environment. Comparative approaches explore the behavioral, physiological, and biochemical responses to environmental factors. Current topics and methods are addressed in selected readings and discussion. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5630 - Biological Chemistry</h2><p>Structure/function of proteins, nucleotides, lipids, and carbohydrates. Principles of enzyme kinetics, chemical/physical, and functional properties of biological membranes, and DNA synthesis, transcription and translation. Biochemistry of energy and nucleotide metabolism and mechanisms of metabolic regulation. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5650 - Ichthyology</h2><p>Biology of fishes. Lectures emphasize anatomy, physiology, ecology, taxonomy, and evolution. Labs and field trips emphasize identification of Ohio species and include dissection. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5710 - Ornithology</h2><p>Bird biology, including discussions on anatomy, physiology, conservation biology, life histories, and role or ornithology in current ecological and evolutionary theory.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5720 - Herpetology</h2><p>Biology of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures emphasize anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior, taxonomy, and geography. Labs and field trips emphasize species of ohio and families of the US. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5730 - Animal Behavior</h2><p>Ecological, physiological, and developmental aspects of animal behavior, interpreted from the perspective of evolutionary biology. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5740 - Mammalogy</h2><p>Mammals; their origin, evolution and adaptations, geographical distribution, ecology, and systematics. Emphasis on local fauna. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5770 - Population Ecology</h2><p>Major theories and concepts in population and evolutionary ecology. Emphasis on mathematical models pertaining to growth and regulation of populations, population interactions, including predation and competition, distribution and abundance, and life history theory.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5780 - Community Ecology</h2><p>Provide a theoretical and empirical examination of the description, structure, and organization of communities. Emphasis is placed on mathematical models that describe the biotic processes that mold community structure. Further consideration of null models in ecology and historical effects are included. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5790 - Advanced Evolution</h2><p>Current concepts of evolutionary processes: sources of variation, agents of change, natural selection and adaptation, speciation and macroevolution. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5810 - Animal Conservation Biology</h2><p>The roles of population genetics, population and community ecology, biogeography, systematics, and paleobiology in the study of biodiversity, design of nature reserves, and the recovery of endangered species. Discussion of extinction as a process, the effects of human-induced habitat degradation on loss of species diversity, and the role of reserves in protection of species. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5860 - Immunology</h2><p>Fundamental principles and concepts of immunity and the immune response. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5865 - Immunology Lab</h2><p>Immunological methods, including identification and assessment of functional activities in immune cells and molecules and applied immunological methods with antibodies in research, diagnosis, and therapy. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6580 - Clinical Gross Anatomy I</h2><p>Consists of lectures and laboratories focusing on the physician-oriented gross anatomy of the back and upper and lower limbs. Prepares the student for the application of anatomy to the clinical sciences. The primary resource is the human cadaver dissection; additionally, imaging studies, models, cross-sections, plastinated specimens will be used as study guides. Clinical correlations and case studies will be used to enhance the understanding of human anatomy.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6590 - Clinical Anatomy II</h2><p>Consists of lectures and laboratories focusing on the physician-oriented gross anatomy of the thorax, abdomen, pelvis and perineum. Prepares the student for the application of anatomy to the clinical sciences. The primary resource is the human cadaver dissection; additionally, imaging studies, models, cross-sections, plastinated specimens will be used as study guides. Clinical correlations and case studies will be used to enhance the understanding of human anatomy.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 5.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6600 - Clinical Anatomy III</h2><p>Consists of lectures and laboratories focusing on the physician-oriented gross anatomy of the head and neck. Prepares the student for the application of anatomy to the clinical sciences. The primary resource is the human cadaver dissection; additionally, imaging studies, models, cross-sections, plastinated specimens will be used as study guides. Clinical correlations and case studies will be used to enhance the understanding of human anatomy.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 5.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6610 - Microanatomy I: Architecture of Cells and Tissues</h2><p>The purpose is to train Master's and Ph.D. level graduate students in the Department of Biological Sciences in molecular and cellular aspects of human tissue structure and function. This course is also intended to train graduate students to teach in the microanatomy laboratories offered in a standard medical curriculum. Complements graduate courses in clincal gross anatomy and provides credit for students pursuing a Master's or Ph.D. in Biological Sciences. A formal and structured approach to training students in microanatomy of huamn tissues and will be taught in conjucntion with anatomy-based courses in the Department of Biological Sciences, including Clinical Gross Anatomy I (Back and Extremeties), Clinical Gross Anatomy 2 (Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum), and Clinical Gross Anatomy 3 (Head and Neck). Lectures and laboratory exercises will involve examination of prepared slides and discussion of molecular and cellular composition of the basic tissue types and organs of the human body, as well as an introduction to pathology. Each laboratory will address a specific area and associated clinical questions and correlates that will require discussion among students. In addition to weekly quizzes and practical examinations covering the course material on cell and tissue architecture and introductory pathology, students will be required to formally develop and present detailed audio-visual demonstrations of selected histopathological specimens to graduate students and graduate faculty within Biological Sciences. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 6.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6620 - Microanatomy II: Organ Systems</h2><p>The purpose is to train Master's and Ph.D. level graduate students in the Department of Biological Sciences in microanatomical structure of human organ systems and how this relates to their physiological functions. Also intended to train graduate students to teach in the microanatomy laboratories offered in a standard medical curriculum. Complements graduate courses in clincal gross anatomy and provides credit for students pursuing a Master's or Ph.D. in Biological Sciences. A formal and structured approach to training students in microanatomy of huamn tissues and will be taught in conjucntion with anatomy-based courses in the Department of Biological Sciences, including Clinical Gross Anatomy I (Back and Extremeties), Clinical Gross Anatomy 2 (Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum), and Clinical Gross Anatomy 3 (Head and Neck). Lectures and laboratory exercises will involve examination of prepared slides and discussion of molecular and cellular composition of organ systems of the human body, their interrelationships, and selected pathologies. Each laboratory will address a specific area and associated clinical questions and correlates that will require discussion among students. In addition to weekly quizzes and practical examinations covering the course material on structure and fucntion of organ systems and selected pathologies, students will be required to formally develop and present detailed audio-visual demonstrations of selected histopathological specimens to graduate students and graduate faculty within Biological Sciences. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 6.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6700 - Biostatistics I</h2><p>Application of univariate statistics to biology. Descriptive statistics, distributions, hypothesis testing, analysis of variance, linear regression, correlation, and analysis of frequencies.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6820 - Advanced Topics</h2><p>Specialized topics not otherwise available to advanced students. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 3.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 seminar</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6940 - Research in Biological Sciences</h2><p>Unspecified research, not directly applicable to thesis. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 6.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6950 - Master's Thesis</h2><p>Research directly applicable to thesis. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 40.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 5.0 thesis/dissertation</p><p>Eligible Grades: F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 7000 - Ecology Colloquium</h2><p>Student and faculty presentations of ecologically and evolutionarily focused research. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> EEB graduate student</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 seminar</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 7120 - Seminar in Neuroscience</h2><p>Forum for presentation of original research, literature reviews, and discussions of contemporary issues in neuroscience. Annual participation is required of all graduate students enrolled in the Neuroscience section. Presentation and discussion.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 6.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 seminar</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 7900 - Muscle Biology</h2><p>Topics in muscle structure, function, development, disease, and relationship with nervous system. Different aspects of muscle biology covered each term, and topics chosen on basis of need or requests of interested students.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 seminar</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 7970 - Seminar in Conservation Biology</h2><p>Current research topics in conservation biology. Different aspects of conservation biology are covered each term with the topics chosen based on current issues related to the threats to biological diversity. Faculty and student discussion. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 seminar</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 8700 - Biostatistics II</h2><p>Application of multivariate statistics to biology; multiple regression and correlation, principal components, canonical correlation, discriminant function, and factor analysis. Project in experimental design and analysis of data.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 8950 - Doctoral Dissertation</h2><p>Research directed toward doctoral degree. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 75.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> thesis/dissertation</p><p>Eligible Grades: F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5135 - Human Neuroscience Laboratory</h2><p>Students will learn human brain anatomy and consequences of neurological damage by completing a human brain dissection, studying cross-sectional anatomy of normal and diseased brains (e.g., via magnetic resonance images), and analysis of clinical cases. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 5130 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5130 - Human Neuroscience</h2><p>Basic structure and function of the human nervous system. Provides students, including those in premedicine and allied health fields, with a basic understanding of the brain systems underlying human behavior (e.g., sensation and perception, movement, memory, emotion, sleep and arousal, and decision-making) and the consequences of neurological damage to these systems. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5900 - Special Topics in Biological Sciences</h2><p>Specific course content will vary with offering.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 6900 - Special Topics in Biological Sciences</h2><p>Specific course content will vary with offering.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 8900 - Special Topics in Biological Sciences</h2><p>Specific course content will vary with offering.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5435 - Principles of Physiology Lab</h2><p>Lab experiences designed to complement material covered in BIOS 3430/5430. Lab introduces students to physiology related skills and techniques used in research settings.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 5430 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>BIOS 5430 - Principles of Physiology I</h2><p>Function of animal cells and organs emphasizing the physical and chemical principles underlying physiological processes. Focus on membrane properties of excitable and nonexcitable cells, chemical messengers and regulators, fluid balance, and nutrient balance.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>