Ohio University

Physics Undergraduate Courses

<h2>PHYS 1021 - Peer-Led Team Learning for PHYS 2001</h2><p>Content-appropriate discussion and problem-solving conducted by a peer mentor, graduate student or faculty member in a small-group setting. Credit applies as hours toward graduation but meets no other college requirement.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PBIO 2001 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>PHYS 1022 - Peer-Led Team Learning for PHYS 2002</h2><p>Content-appropriate discussion and problem-solving conducted by a peer mentor, graduate student or faculty member in a small-group setting. Credit applies as hours toward graduation but meets no other college requirement.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2002 Concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>PHYS 1901 - Physics Seminar</h2><p>Overview of current topics in physics, based on readings, discussion, and student presentations.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 seminar</p>
<h2>PHYS 2001 - Introduction to Physics</h2><p>First course in physics; open to students from all areas. Students should have a background in algebra, trigonometry and geometry, but no calculus required. Recommended for students in liberal arts, architecture, industrial technology, geological sciences, and premedicine. Mechanics of solids and liquids, oscillations, heat, thermodynamics. No credit for 2001 after 2051.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (MATH 1200 or math placement level 2 or higher) and WARNING: not PHYS 2051</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 2002 - Introduction to Physics</h2><p>Continuation of 2001. Second course in physics; open to students from all areas. Students should have a background in algebra, trigonometry and geometry, but no calculus required. Recommended for students in liberal arts, architecture, industrial technology, geological sciences, and premedicine. Includes electricity, magnetism, waves, sound, light, relativity, quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (PHYS 2001 or 2051 or 2051H) and WARNING: not PHYS 2052 or 2301</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 2051 - General Physics</h2><p>Classical physics with calculus and vectors. Newtonian mechanics, rotational dynamics, gravitation, oscillations, fluids, thermodynamics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 263A or 266A or 266B or (2301 or concurrent)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 5</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 recitation, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 2051H - General Physics for Physics and Astronomy Majors</h2><p>First course in general physics for physics and astronomy majors, with emphasis on interactive learning methods. Lecture and laboratory components are combined into a single course, so students are not required to sign up for a separate lab class. Topics to be covered are: vectors and motion of objects, velocity and acceleration, forces, linear momentum, Newton's Laws, work and energy, conservation of momentum and energy, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum, oscillations, fluids, heat and the First Law of thermodynamics, heat engines and refrigerators. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 266A or 266B or (2301 or concurrent)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 5</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 5.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 2052 - General Physics</h2><p>Classical physics with calculus and vectors. wave mechanics and phenomena, electrostatics, capacitance, electric current and circuits, magnetism and magnetic fields, electric induction, A.C. circuits, electromagnetic waves, geometrical optics, interference, and diffraction of light.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (MATH 2301 or 263A or 263B or 266A or 266B) and PHYS 2051</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 5</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 recitation, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 2052H - General Physics for Physics and Astronomy Majors</h2><p>First course in general physics for physics and astronomy majors, with emphasis on interactive learning methods. Lecture and laboratory components are combined into a single course, so students are not required to sign up for a separate lab class. Topics to be covered are: traveling waves, standing waves, interference of waves, optics including reflection and refraction, electric forces, electric field, electric potential, electric current, electronic circuits, magnetic field, induction, and electromagnetic waves. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 2301 and (PHYS 2051 or 2051H)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 5</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 5.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 2053 - Contemporary Physics: Relativity and Quantum Phenomena</h2><p>Introduction to relativity and quantum theory: selected topics in atomic, solid state, nuclear, particles, and cosmology. Einstein's theory of special relativity, the uncertainty principle, Schroedinger's wave equation with applications, atomic structure, nuclear structure, elementary particles and a short introduction to cosmology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 2301 - General Physics with Biological Applications</h2><p>Classical physics with calculus, emphasizing biological and medical applications. Topics include fluids, waves, sound, electricity, magnetism, optics and topics in modern physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2051 or (2001 and MATH 2301)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 2701 - Electronics Laboratory</h2><p>Introduction to basic electronic circuits from analog to digital. Iintegrates the electronic circuit design and analysis with hands-on circuit construction. Covers DC circuit elements, transistors, FETs, op amp circuits, timers, and introduction to digital electronics. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (PHYS 2002 or 2052 or 2052H) and physics major</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 2900 - Special Topics in Physics</h2><p>Specific course content will vary with offering.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 2930 - Special Studies</h2><p>Special studies in physics under supervision of faculty member.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Permission required</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 independent study</p>
<h2>PHYS 2970T - Physics Tutorial</h2><p>First year tutorial studies in physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>PHYS 2980T - Physics Tutorial</h2><p>First-year tutorial studies in physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>PHYS 3001 - Mechanics</h2><p>Fundamentals of physical mechanics using vector analysis and ordinary differential equations. Particle dynamics, conservative and non-conservative forces, conservation laws, accelerating reference frames and inertial forces, Lagrangian methods, central forces, celestial mechanics, many-particle systems, and rigid body dynamics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3400 and PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 3011 - Thermal Physics</h2><p>First and Second laws of thermodynamics, phase changes, and entropy. Temperature, thermodynamic variables, equations of state, heat engine. Introduction to statistical physics: statistical interpretation of first and second laws of thermodynamics, microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, partition functions, classical (Boltzmann) and quantum (Fermi and Bose-Einstein) statistics applied to ideal gas. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3400 and PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 3401 - Introduction to Mathematical Physics</h2><p>A first class in Mathematical Physics. Mathematical methods such as multivariate calculus, linear algebra, partial differential equations and Fourier analysis are discussed and applied to a variety of physics problems. The emphasis in this course is on solving physics problems using these techniques, and on the way that mathematics allows a quantitative description of physical phenomena. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3300 and 3400 and PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 3701 - Intermediate Laboratory - Electrons & Photons</h2><p>Fundamental experiments on electron properties including charge and mass, wave properties, atomic binding, spin, and conduction. Experiments on photon properties involving optics and lasers. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2053</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 3702 - Intermediate Laboratory - Photons & Nucleons</h2><p>X-ray diffraction and x-ray spectroscopy. Nuclear decay modes and alpha, beta, & gamma decay spectroscopy. Nuclear reactions and scattering. Principles of operation of alpha, beta, x-ray, gamma, and neutron detectors and data acquisition systems.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2053</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 3970T - Physics Tutorial</h2><p>Second-year tutorial studies in physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>PHYS 3980T - Physics Tutorial</h2><p>Second-year tutorial studies in physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>PHYS 4021 - Introduction to Quantum Mechanics</h2><p>A survey of the theory and application of quantum mechanics. Short historical introduction to quantum mechanics; solutions of one-dimensional Schroedinger equation (wells, barriers, tunneling); formalism of quantum mechanics (Dirac notation, state vector, representation theory, operators, bases, measurement, uncertainty principle, Hilbert space); quantum harmonic oscillator (position representation and ladder operators); central potentials and angular momentum; bound states of central potentials (spherical square well and hydrogen atom); identical particles and spin, brief treatment of single-particle theory (Hartree approximation).</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2053</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4031 - Electricity and Magnetism 1</h2><p>Basic concepts of the physics of time independent electric and magnetic fields in vacuum and in matter and application of vector analysis as the adequate mathematical tool for quantitative predictions. Topics include: Vector analysis review, electrostatic fields and potentials, energy and work in electrostatics, electrostatic fields and potentials in the presence of conductors, mathematical techniques to determine electrostatic fields and potentials, electrostatic fields in matter, electric polarization and displacement, effects of magnetostatic fields on charges, generation of magnetostatic fields by steady currents, Biot Savart Law, vector potential, magneto static fields in matter, magnetization and magnetic susceptibility, Ferromagnetism.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3300 and 3400 and PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4032 - Electricity and Magnetism 2</h2><p>Basic concepts of the physics of time dependent electric fields in vacuum and in matter with intensive use of vector analysis as the adequate mathematical tool for quantitative predictions. Topics include: Electromotive force, electromagnetic induction, Maxwell's equations, Conservation of energy and Poynting vector, conservation of momentum and Maxwell's stress tensor, conservation of charge and equation of continuity, plane electromagnetic waves in vacuum and matter, wave guides, scalar and vector potentials, gauge transformations, retardation and Lienard-Wiechert potentials, dipole radiation, radiation by point charges, review of special relativity, relativistic notation of electrodynamics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 4031</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4041 - Mathematical Methods in Physics 1</h2><p>Mathematical methods, such as multivariate calculus, differential equations, series, complex analysis, and Fourier analysis, will be discussed and applied to a variety of physics problems. The emphasis is on problem solving using these techniques, and on their unity across the discipline of physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3300 and PHYS 3001</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4051 - Modern Physics</h2><p>Designed to review and summarize the theoretical ideas of modern physics, and to examine applications to atomic spectra, nuclear and particle physics, quantum fluids and solid state physics. This is expected to be a capstone course in modern physics, so students are expected to have a solid grounding in quantum mechanics and contemporary physics. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 3001 and 4021 and 4031 and Sr only</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4061 - Geometrical and Physical Optics</h2><p>The behavior of light in both classical and quantum realms. Topics covered include: geometrical optics, the wave nature of light, interference, polarization, diffraction, the optical properties of materials, holography, and selected modern applications. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 2302 and PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4071 - Computer Simulation Methods in Physics</h2><p>Introduction to numerical methods used to solve problems in physics. Students are introduced to basic numerical methods and to the process of approaching problems from a computational point of view. Topics covered include differentiation and integration methods, numerical error analysis, data fitting, matrix methods, Monte Carlo strategies.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3600 and previous experience in programming computer languages desired</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 4301 - Cell and Molecular Biophysics</h2><p>Introduction to the physical principles that underlie phenomena in cell biology and the properties of biomolecules. Topics covered will include an introduction to molecular biology, Brownian motion, molecular interactions in macromolecules, protein and nucleic acid structure, physics of biopolymers, chemical kinetics, mechanical and adhesive properties of biomolecules, molecular manipulation techniques, cell membrane structure, membrane channels and pumps, molecular motors and biorheology. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1700 and CHEM 1510 and PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4411 - Electronic Device Physics</h2><p>Physical principles of electronic devices. Overview of electronic transport in solids with application to diodes, bipolar transistors, and field-effect transistors. Heterostructures and low-dimensional physics and devices. Selected condensed matter phenomena with electronic device applications; resonant tunneling, Landauer formalism, single-electron physics, molecular electronics, and spintronics. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2052</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4511 - Introduction to Radiation Physics</h2><p>An introduction to radiation, natural and artificial sources of radiation for physical scientists and engineers. Topics covered include: description of natural and man-made sources of radiation; the interaction of radiation with biological systems; natural radiation background and risk assessment; exploration of radiation-based cancer treatment and medical imaging.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 2002 or 2053</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4701 - Electronics Measurement Laboratory</h2><p>Experiments in electronic measurement techniques from simple analog and digital circuits to microprocessors and analyzers. The topics to be covered include: DC circuits, capacitors, diode circuits, transistors, emitter follower, common emitter amplifier, differential amplifier, FETs, operational amplifiers, feedback, inverting amplifiers, summing amplifiers, integrators, positive feedback, frequency compensation, FET switches, voltage regulators, and digital logic. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 3702</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 4711 - Advanced Laboratory</h2><p>Wide selection of experiments from many areas of physics. Limit of two students per section. Student may select up to three different sections each semester.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 3702</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>PHYS 4801 - Acoustics</h2><p>An advanced course that deals with all aspects of modern acoustics, including advanced mathematical concepts. Vibration in solid and liquid systems, sound radiation, sound propagation, and practical aspects of sound will be discussed in detail and examined with a comprehensive sets of problems for the student that will clarify the theory and practice of acoustics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3400 and PHYS 3001</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4811 - Dynamic Meteorology 1</h2><p>Basic conservation laws, elementary fluid dynamics, circulation and vorticity. Mathematics related to coordinate systems related to meteorology, thermodynamics of the atmosphere.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 3300 and 3400 and (PHYS 3011 or concurrent)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4812 - Dynamic Meteorology 2</h2><p>Continuation of 4811. Basic conservation laws, elementary fluid dynamics, circulation and vorticity. Mathematics related to coordinate systems related to meteorology, thermodynamics of the atmosphere. Energy balance in the atmosphere, thermal physics of the atmosphere. Synoptic scale motions, atmospheric oscilations, baroclinic instabilities, mesoscale circulation, numerical methods. Special topics in dynamical meteorology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PHYS 4811</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4900 - Special Topics in Physics</h2><p>Specific course content will vary with offering.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p>
<h2>PHYS 4930 - Special Problems</h2><p>Supervised research on problems of limited scope in experimental and/or theoretical physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> 15 Hours in PHYS</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 independent study</p>
<h2>PHYS 4940H - Honors Thesis</h2><p>Supervised research work in physics, astronomy, or applied physics, intended for submission for undergraduate honors.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC or Dept Honors Candidacy</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 6</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 research</p>
<h2>PHYS 4942 - Undergraduate Seminar</h2><p>Important areas of current interest in field of physics, history of physics, development of ideas in physics, and other aspects of physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Jr or Sr</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 2.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 seminar</p>
<h2>PHYS 4970T - Physics Tutorial</h2><p>Third- and fourth-year tutorial studies in physics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>PHYS 4980T - HTC Thesis Research</h2><p>HTC Thesis research</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 60.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 tutorial</p>