First Generation Faculty & Staff Pictures

First Generation Bibliography

The following citations represent only a small fraction of the published literature related to First Generation 

student status. You are encouraged to recommend other citations for inclusion on this list. 

Please email relevant citations to Greg Lester at


Billson, J. M., & Terry, M.B. (1982). In search of the silken purse: Factors in attrition among first-generation students. College and University, 58, 57–75.

Chen, X., & Carroll, C. D. (2005). First-generation students in postsecondary education: A look at their college transcripts (NCES 2005–171). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.

Choy, S. (2001). Students whose parents did not go to college: Postsecondary access, persistence, and attainment (NCES Statistical Report 2001–126). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.

Khanh, V. B. (2002). First-generation college students at a four-year university: Background characteristics, reasons for pursuing higher education, and first-year experiences. College Student Journal, 32(1), 3–12.

Levine, A., & Nidiffer, J. (1996). Beating the odds: How the poor get to college. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lohfink, M. M., & Paulsen, M. B. (2005). Comparing the determinants of persistence for first-generation and continuing-generation students. Journal of College Student Development, 46, 409–428.

London, H. B. (1996). How college affects first-generation students. About Campus, 4, 9–13.

Nuñez, A. M., & Cuccaro-Alamin, S. (1998). First-generation students: Undergraduates whose parents never enrolled in postsecondary education (Report No. NCES 98–082). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Orbe, Mark P. Theorizing Multidimensional Identity Negotiation: Reflections on the Lived Experiences of First-Generation College Students. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2008(120), 2008, 81-95.

Orbe, Mark P. (2004). Negotiating multiple identities within multiple frames: An analysis of first-generation college students. Communication Education, 53(2),

Pascarella, E. T., Pierson, C. T., Wolniak, G. C., & Terenzini, P. T. (2004). First-generation college students: Additional evidence on college experiences and outcomes. The Journal of Higher Education,75, 249–284.

Pike, G. R., & Kuh, G. D. (2005). First and second-generation college students: A     comparison of their engagement and intellectual development. Journal of Higher Education, 76, 276–300.

Terenzini, P. T., Springer, L., Yaeger, P. M., Pascarella, E. T., & Nora, A. (1996). First-generation college students: Characteristics, experiences, and cognitive development. Research in Higher Education,37, 1–22. 

Thayer, P.B. (2000). Retaining first generation and low-income students. Opportunity Outlook, May, 2-8.

Warburton, E. C., Bugarin, R., & Nuñez, A. (2001). Bridging the gap: Academic preparation and postsecondary success of first-generation students. (NCES Statistical Analysis Report 2001-153). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

York-Anderson, D. C., & Bowman, S. L. (1991). Assessing the college knowledge of first-generation college students. Journal of College Student Development, 32, 116-122. 


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