Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications:

1. Xu, L., Zhao, Y., & Zhu, X. (1989). An allergological study of Meniere's disease. Clinical Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 3(3), 153-156.

2. Xu, L., Liu, C., & Liu, Y. (1989). Measurement of evoked otoacoustic emissions in normal-hearing adults. Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 24(6), 252-254.

3. Xu, L., Zhu, X., & Zhao,Y. (1990). Immunoglobulin E and circulating immune complexes in endolymphatic hydrops. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 99(7), 535-538.

4. Xu, L., & Liu, C. (1991). Clinical application of evoked otoacoustic emissions: A preliminary report. Clinical Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 5(1), 1-3.

5. Xu, L. Lü, J., Wang, F., & Liu, C. (1991). Otoacoustic emission cochleogram evoked by bone conducted stimulation. Acta Physiologica Sinica, 43(3), 306-310.

6. Chen, X., Liu, C., Guo, L., & Xu, L. (1992). A preliminary study on clinical application of cochlear microphonics. Clinical Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 6(4), 201-204.

7. Liu, C., Chen, X. W., & Xu, L. (1992). Cochlear microphonics and recruitment. Acta Oto-laryngologica, 112(2), 215-220.   [PDF]

8. Harris, F. P., Probst, R., & Xu, L. (1992). Suppression of the 2f1-f2 otoacoustic emission in humans. Hearing Research, 64(1), 133-141.   [PDF]

9. Chen, X., Liu, C., & Xu, L. (1993). Synchronous recording of objective pulsatile tinnitus and electrocardiogram. Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology, 1(1), 32-34.

10. Xu, L., Pfaltz, C. R., & Arnold, W. (1993). HLA antigens in patients with inner ear diseases of unknown etiology. ORL, 55(3), 125-134.

11. Roede, J., Harris, F. P., Probst, R., & Xu, L. (1993). Repeatability of distortion product otoacoustic emissions in normally hearing humans. Audiology, 32(5), 273-281.   [PDF]

12. Xu, L., Probst, R., Harris, F. P., & Roede, J. (1994). Peripheral analysis of frequency in human ears revealed by tone burst evoked otoacoustic emission. Hearing Research, 74, 173-180.   [PDF]

13. Middlebrooks, J. C., Clock, A. E., Xu, L., & Green, D. M. (1994). A panoramic code for sound location by cortical neurons. Science, 264, 842-844.  [PDF] {Science Research News related to this article}

14. Middlebrooks, J. C., Xu, L., Clock, A. E., & Green, D. M. (1998). Codes for sound-source location in non-tonotopic auditory cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 80, 863-881.   [PDF]

15. Xu, L., Furukawa, S., & Middlebrooks, J. C. (1998). Sensitivity of sound-source elevation in non-tonotopic auditory cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 80, 882-894.   [PDF]

16. Xu, L., Furukawa, S., & Middlebrooks, J. C. (1999). Auditory cortical responses in the cat to sounds that produce spatial illusions. Nature, 399, 688-691.   [PDF] {News Release related to this article}

17. Furukawa, S., Xu, L., & Middlebrooks, J. C. (2000). Coding of sound-source locations by ensembles of cortical neurons. Journal of Neuroscience, 20, 1216-1228.   [PDF]

18. Xu, L., & Middlebrooks, J. C. (2000). Individual differences in external-ear transfer functions of cats. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107, 1451-1459.   [PDF]

19. Xu, L., Furukawa, S., & Middlebrooks, J. C. (2000). Cortical mechanisms for auditory spatial illusion.Acta Oto-laryngologica, 120, 263-266.   [PDF]

20. Pfingst, B. E., Franck, K. H., Xu, L., Bauer, E. M., & Zwolan, T. A. (2001). Effects of electrode configuration and place of stimulation on speech perception with cochlear prostheses. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 2(2), 87-103.   [PDF]   {Cover page of this issue of JARO}

21. Xu, L., Tsai, Y., & Pfingst, B. E. (2002). Features of stimulation affecting tonal-speech perception: Implications for cochlear prostheses. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 112(1), 247-258.   [PDF]

22. Franck, K., Xu, L., & Pfingst, B. E. (2003). Effects of stimulus level on speech perception with cochlear prostheses. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 4(1), 49-59.  [PDF]

23. Xu, L., & Pfingst, B. E. (2003). Relative importance of the temporal envelope and fine structure in tone perception. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 114(6), 3024-3027.  [PDF]

24. Pfingst, B. E., & Xu, L. (2004). Across-site variation in detection thresholds and maximum comfortable loudness levels for cochlear implants. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 5(1), 11-24.  [PDF]

25. Xu, L., Li, Y., Hao, J., Chen, X., Xue, S. A., & Han, D. (2004). Tone production in Mandarin-speaking children with cochlear implants: A preliminary study. Acta Oto-laryngologica, 124, 363-367.  [PDF]

26. Pfingst, B. E., Xu, L., & Thompson, C. S. (2004). Across-site threshold variation in cochlear implants: Relation to speech recognition. Audiology & Neurotology, 9, 341-352.  [PDF]

27. Xu, L., Thompson, C. S., & Pfingst, B. E. (2005). Relative contributions of spectral and temporal cues for phoneme recognition. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 117, 3255-3267.  [PDF]

28. Pfingst, B. E., & Xu, L. (2005). Psychophysical metrics and speech recognition in cochlear implant users. Audiology & Neurotology, 10, 331-341.  [PDF]

29. Xu, L., Zwolan, T. A., Thompson, C. S., & Pfingst, B. E.  (2005).  Efficacy of a cochlear-implant simultaneous analog stimulation strategy coupled with a monopolar electrode configuration.  Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 114, 886-893.   [PDF]

30. Xu, L., Zhang, W., Zhou, N., Lee, C.-Y., Li, Y., Chen, X., & Zhao, X. (2006). Mandarin Chinese tone recognition with an artificial neural network. Journal of Otology, 1, 30-34.   [PDF]

31. Xu, L. (2006) Temporal and spectral cues for speech perception. Chinese Journal of Otology, 4, 335-342.   [PDF] 32. Pfingst, B. E., Xu, L., & Thompson, C. S. (2007) Effects of carrier pulse rate on modulation detection in subjects with cochlear implants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 121, 2236-2246.   [PDF] 33. Xu, L., Chen, X., Zhou, N., Li, Y., Zhao, X., & Han, D. (2007) Recognition of lexical tone production of children with an artificial neural network. Acta Oto-laryngologica, 127, 365-369.   [PDF] 34. Han, D., Zhou, N., Li, Y., Chen, X., Zhao, X., & Xu, L. (2007) Tone production of Mandarin-Chinese-speaking children with cochlear implants. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 71, 875-880.   [PDF] 35. Chen, X., Li, Y., Zhao, X., Han, D., & Xu, L. (2007) A preliminary study on tone production in children with cochlear implants. Chinese Journal of Otology, 5, 171-175.   [PDF] 36. Xu, L. & Zheng, Y. (2007) Spectral and temporal cues for phoneme recognition in noise. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122, 1758-1764.   [PDF]37. Pfingst, B. E., Burkholder-Juhasz, R. A., Xu, L., & Thompson, C. S (2008) Across-site patterns of modulation detection in listeners with cochlear implants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, 1054-1062.   [PDF] 38. Zhou, N., & Xu, L.  (2008).  Development and evaluation of methods for assessing tone production skills in Mandarin-speaking children with cochlear implants.Journal of the Acoustical Society of Americ, 123, 1653-1664.   [PDF]39. Pfingst, B. E., Burkholder-Juhasz, R. A., Zwolan, T. & Xu, L. (2008)  Psychophysical assessment of strong and weak stimulation sites in auditory prosthesis electrode arrays. Hearing Research, 242, 172-183.   [PDF]

40. Zhou, N., Zhang, W., Lee, C. -Y., & Xu, L. (2008) Lexical tone recognition with an artificial neural network. Ear and Hearing, 29, 326-335.   [PDF] 

41. Zhou, N., & Xu, L. (2008). Lexical tone recognition with spectrally mismatched envelopes. Hearing Research, 246, 36-43.   [PDF] 42. Xue, S. A., Hao, G. J., Xu, L., Moranski, T. (2008) Speaking fundamental frequency changes in women over time. Asia Pacific Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing, 11(3), 189-194.   [PDF] 43.Xu, L., Zhou, N., Brashears, R., Rife, K. (2008)  Relative contributions of spectral and temporal cues for phoneme recognition in patients with sensorineural hearing loss. Journal of Otology, 3, 84-91.   [PDF] 44. Han, D., Liu B., Zhou, N., Chen, X., Kong, Y., Liu, H., Zheng, Y., & Xu, L. (2009) Lexical tone perception with HiResolution and HiResolution 120 sound-processing strategies in pediatric Mandarin-speaking cochlear implant users. Ear and Hearing, 30, 169-177.   [PDF] 45. Xu, L., Zhou, N., Chen, X., Li, Y., Schultz, H. M., Zhao, X., & Han, D. (2009) Vocal singing by prelingually-deafened children with cochlear implants. Hearing Research, 255, 129-134.   [PDF]46. Zhou, N., Xu, L., & Lee, C.-Y. (2010) The effects of frequency-place shift on consonant confusion in cochlear implant simulations. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 128, 401-409.   [PDF] 47. Xu, L., Chen, X., Lu, H., Zhou, N., Wang, S., Liu, Q., Li, Y., Zhao, X., & Han, D. (2011) Tone perception and production in pediatric cochlear implant users. Acta Oto-laryngologica, 131, 395-398.   [PDF] 48. Wang, W., Zhou, N., & Xu, L. (2011) Musical pitch and lexical tone perception with cochlear implants. International Journal of Audiology, 50, 270-278.   [PDF]  49. Wang, S., Xu, L., & Mannell, R. (2011) Relative contributions of temporal envelope and fine structure cues to lexical tone recognition in hearing-impaired listeners. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 12, 783-794.   [PDF]  
50. Feng, Y., Xu, L., Zhou, N., Yang, G., & Yin S. (2012). Sine-wave speech recognition in a tonal language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,
131, EL133-EL138.    [PDF]  

51. Zhou, N., Xu, L., & Pfingst, B. E. (2012). Characteristics of detection thresholds and maximum comfortable loudness levels as a function of pulse rate in human cochlear implant users. Hearing Research
, 284, 25-32.   [PDF]  

52. Feng, Y., Xu, L., Zhou, N., Yang, G., & Yin, S. (2012).  The recognition of sine-wave Mandarin Chinese in normal-hearing listeners.  Chinese Journal of Otology, 10(2), 178-181.   [PDF]  
53. Liu, Q., Zhou, N., Berger, B., Huang, D., & Xu, L. (2013). Mandarin consonant contrast recognition among children with cochlear implants or hearing aids, and normal-hearing children.Otology & Neurotology, 34(3), 471-476.   [PDF]  54.Zhou, N., Huang, J., Chen, X., & Xu, L. (2013). Relationship between tone perception and production in prelingually-deafened children with cochlear implants. Otology & Neurotology, 34(3), 499-506.   [PDF]  55. Mao, Y., Zhang, M., Nutter, H., Zhang, Y., Zhou, Q., Liu, Q., Wu, W., Xie, D., & Xu, L. (2013) Acoustic properties of vocal singing in prelingually-deafened children with cochlear implants or hearing aids. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 77, 1833-1840.   [PDF]   56. Zhou, N., & Xu, L. (2014). Melody recognition in dichotic listening with or without frequency mismatch. Ear and Hearing, 35(3), 379-382.   [PDF]   57. Yang, J., Brown, E., Fox, R. A., & Xu, L. (2014). Acoustic properties of vowel production of prelingually deafened children with cochlear implants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, In revision. 58. Li, B., Hou, L., Xu, L., Yang, G., Feng, Y., Yin, S. (2014). The effect of steep high-frequency hearing loss on speech recognition using temporal fine structure in the low frequency regions. In submission.59. Feng, Y., Zhou, N., Gradisek, H. S., Gliatas, M., Yang, G., Yin, S., & Xu, L. (2014).  Sine-wave speech recognition: Temporal envelope and spectral skeleton. In submission.   60. Kim, B. J., Chang, S.-A., Yang, J.,Oh, S. H. & Xu, L. (2014). Relative contributions of spectral and temporal cues for Korean phoneme recognition. In preparation. 61. Wang, S., Xu, L., et al. (2014). Temporal processing in auditory neuropathy. In preparation.

 

Review Articles:

1. Xu, L. (1988). [Progress in immunological research of Meniere's disease: A review]. Foreign Medicine (Section of ORL), 12(4), 200-203. (in Chinese)

2. Xu, L. (1989). [Otoacoustic emission and its clinical significance and application: An overview]. Foreign Medicine (Section of ORL), 13(3), 129-133. (in Chinese)

3. Xu, L. (1990). [Computer-aided three-dimensional reconstruction of the inner ear structure: A review]. Foreign Medicine (Section of ORL), 14(6), 345-348. (in Chinese)

4. Middlebrooks, J. C., Xu, L., & Furukawa, S., Macpherson, E. A. (2002). [Cortical neurons that localize sounds]. The Neuroscientist, 8(1), 73-83.  [PDF]

5. Xu, L. & Pfingst, B. E.  (2008).  Spectral and temporal cues for speech recognition: Implications for auditory prostheses. Hearing Research, 242, 132-140.   [PDF]

6. Xu, L. & Zhou, N. (2013).  [Tone language understanding with cochlear implants]. Otolaryngology – News and Reviews, 28(4), 196-199.  [PDF]

7. Mao, Y. & Xu, L. (2013).  [Music and cochlear implants]. Journal of Otology, 8(1), 32:38.  [PDF]

Book Chapters:

1. Middlebrooks, J. C., Xu, L., Furukawa, S., & Mickey, B. J. (2002). Location signaling by auditory cortical neurons. In D. Oertel, A.N. Popper, & R.R. Fay (Eds.), Springer Handbook of Auditory Research: Vol 15. Integrative Functions in the Mammalian Auditory Pathway (pp. 319-357). New York: Springer-Verlag.

2. Xu, L. (2003). Cochlear implant technology. In D. Han (Ed.), Cochlear implant (pp. 8-38). Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House. (in Chinese)

3. Xu, L. (2003). Sound and its measurements. In D. Xie (Ed.), Bases and applications of hearing science (pp. 15-29). Changsha: Hunan Science & Technology Press. (in Chinese)

4. Xu, L. (2003). Introduction to psychoacoustics. In D. Xie (Ed.), Bases and applications of hearing science (pp. 117-140). Changsha: Hunan Science & Technology Press. (in Chinese)

5. Xu, L. & Li, Y. (2004). Cochlear implant hardware and mechanisms. In D. Han & S. Xu (Eds.), Basic and Clinical Audiology (pp. 544-552). Beijing: Scientific and Technical Documents Publishing House. (in Chinese)

6. Xu, L. (2006). Auditory physiology. In C. Liu (Ed.), Inner Ear Diseases. (pp. 43-58). Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House. (in Chinese)

7. Xu, L. & Zhou, N. (2011). Tonal languages and cochlear implants. In Zeng, F.-G., Popper, A. N., & Fay, R. R. (Eds). Auditory Prostheses: New Horizons (pp.341-364). Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, New York.   [PDF]

 

 

Other Publications:

1. Xu, L., Liu B., Chen, X., Zheng, Y., Kong, Y., Liu, H., Zhou, N., & Han, D. (2008). HiRes 120 and lexical tone perception in Mandarin-speaking children. Advanced Bionics Auditory Research Bulletin, 2007 Biennial Edition, 64-66.  [PDF]

 

Meeting Proceedings:

1. Harris, F. P., Probst, R., Plinkert, P., & Xu, L. (1993). Influence of interference tones on 2f1-f2 acoustic distortion products. In H. Duifhuis, J. W. Horst, P. van Dijk, & S. M. van Netten (Eds.), Biophysics of Hair Cell Sensory Systems (pp. 87-93). Singapore: World Scientific.  [PDF]

2. Middlebrooks, J. C., Xu, L., Eddins, A. C., & Green, D. M. (1995). Decoding spike patterns in the auditory cortex. In M. Burrows, T. Matheson, P. L. Newland & H. Schuppem (Eds.), Nervous Systems and Behaviour Proceedings of the 4th International Congress of Neuroethology (p. 108). Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag.



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