Lawrence M. Witmer, PhD
Professor of Anatomy
Chang Professor of Paleontology

Dept. of Biomedical Sciences
Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
Life Science Building, Rm 123
Ohio University
Athens, Ohio 45701 USA

Email: witmerL@ohio.edu

 

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3D Interactive
Human Anatomy

3D Interactive Human Anatomy at Ohio University. This page presents interactive 3D visualizations of human anatomical structure. Our team has been visualizing human anatomical structure based on CT scanning since 2006, and some of our work on a dried skull (OUVC 10503) was published in 2008. In 2008, we had the opportunity to inject the upper extremity blood vessels of a fresh (unfixed) cadaver of a white male in his 50s named Frank. Additional materials will be added. The project is led by Lawrence Witmer and Ryan Ridgely, and Ridgely has done all of the segmentation, 3D visualization, and animation. Movies have been labeled and 3D PDFs have been assembled by Ruger Porter, Ashley Morhardt, and Jason Bourke. Details of the specimens, scans, and techniques are on the Methods page.

The resources on this site are open-access and freely downloadable. They are intended to serve as STEM educational aids for medical students, K-12, undergraduate students, and students in allied health professions.

 

Check out our other Visible Interactive Anatomy sites! 

3D PDFs Videos
3D PDFs allow anyone with even the free Acrobat Reader to interactively manipulate the 3D models that we generate with powerful software like Avizo. The whole object or individual parts can be spun around, isolated, made transparent, hidden, etc. The files can even be saved to your local computer. We provide each 3D PDF in three different resolutions and files sizes to match your interest and the power of your computer. View our mini-tutorial.
NOTE: Bugs in many browsers prevent them from running 3D PDFs in a browser window, so please save it to your system and then launch it.
 

3D PDF of a human skull (OUVC 10503) with each bone as a separate colored object, as well as all the paranasal sinuses, mastoid air cells, brain endocast, and inner ear labyrinth.
• Download a 45 MB 3D PDF LARGEST
• Download a 30 MB 3D PDF LARGE
• Download a 25 MB 3D PDF MEDIUM
• Download a 15 MB 3D PDF MEDIUMEST
• Download a 7 MB 3D PDF SMALL
• Download a 4 MB 3D PDF SMALLEST
 

3D PDF of a human skull (OUVC 10503) with each bone as a separate object, as well as all the paranasal sinuses, mastoid air cells, brain endocast, and inner ear labyrinth.
• Download a 45 MB 3D PDF LARGEST
• Download a 30 MB 3D PDF LARGE
• Download a 15 MB 3D PDF MEDIUM
• Download a 7 MB 3D PDF SMALL
• Download a 4 MB 3D PDF SMALLEST
 

3D PDF of the injected hand of a male human with each bone as a separate colored object. Arteries are red, and veins are blue. Download a set of labeled images to accompany the 3D PDF.
• Download a 14 MB 3D PDF LARGE
• Download a 8.3 MB 3D PDF MEDIUM
• Download a 5 MB 3D PDF SMALL
 

3D PDF of the injected upper extremity of a male human with each bone as a separate colored object. Arteries are red, and veins are blue. Download a set of labeled images to accompany the 3D PDF.
• Download a 14.7 MB 3D PDF LARGE
• Download a 8.3 MB 3D PDF MEDIUM
• Download a 4.7 MB 3D PDF SMALL
 

3D PDF of the bones of the right foot and leg of a female human, with each bone as a separate colored object.
• Download a 10.8 MB 3D PDF LARGE
• Download a 5.4 MB 3D PDF MEDIUM
• Download a 2.8 MB 3D PDF SMALL
 

3D PDF of the bones of the lower extremity of a female human, with each bone of the right limb as a separate colored object.
• Download a 59 MB 3D PDF LARGE
• Download a 30 MB 3D PDF MEDIUM
• Download a 7.5 MB 3D PDF SMALL
• Download a 3.7 MB 3D PDF SMALLEST
 
 
 

 

 

Labeled exploding skull animation. Animation of a human skull (OUVC 10503) that yaws, rolls, and explodes into its constituent bones and then repeats with the bones labeled. See here for more human skull movies. See here for details of the methods.
•
Download a 48 MB QuickTime version (HD: 1920x1080)
•
Download a 27 MB QuickTime version (1280x720)
•
Download a 16 MB QuickTime version (853x480)
• Download a 11 MB QuickTime version (640x360)

 
 
Labeled hand animation. Animation of the hand anatomy of a male human showing the labeled surface anatomy, vascular anatomy, and osteology. See here for details of the methods.
•
Download a 22 MB QuickTime version (HD: 1080x1080)
•
Download a 13 MB QuickTime version (720x720)
•
Download an 8 MB QuickTime version (480x480)
• Download a 5 MB QuickTime version (360x360)
 
 

Labeled arm animation. Animation of the upper extremity anatomy of a male human showing the labeled surface anatomy, vascular anatomy, and osteology. See here for details of the methods.
• Download a 23 MB QuickTime version (1280x720)
•
Download a 13 MB QuickTime version (853x480)
• Download an 8 MB QuickTime version (640x360)

 
 

Labeled leg animation. Animation of the lower extremity skeletal anatomy of an elderly female human showing the labeled osteology.
• Download a 51 MB QuickTime version (1280x720)
•
Download a 30 MB QuickTime version (853x480)
• Download a 20 MB QuickTime version (640x360)
• Download an 11 MB QuickTime version (427x240)

 
 

Skull animation. Yaw animation of the skull of a human (OUVC 10503), revealing the labeled anatomy of the brain, nasal cavity, paranasal air sinuses, and middle ear sinuses. See here for more human skull movies. See here for details of the methods.
• Download a 27 MB QuickTime version (HD: 1080x1080)
• Download a 15 MB QuickTime version (751x751)
• Download a 7 MB QuickTime version (454x454)

 
 

Skull animation. Yaw animation of the skull of a human (OUVC 10503), revealing the labeled anatomy of the brain, nasal cavity, paranasal air sinuses, and middle ear sinuses. See here for more human skull movies. See here for details of the methods.
• Download a 9 MB QuickTime version (816x704)
• Download a 5.5 MB QuickTime version (625x539)
• Download a 3 MB QuickTime version (421x363)

 
 

Skull animation. Roll animation of the skull of a human (OUVC 10503), revealing the labeled anatomy of the brain, nasal cavity, paranasal air sinuses, and middle ear sinuses. See here for more human skull movies. See here for details of the methods.
• Download a 9 MB QuickTime version (704x816)
• Download a 6 MB QuickTime version (558x647)
• Download a 3 MB QuickTime version (348x403)

 

This website provides supplementary information as an adjunct to a published paper. Witmer, with the skilled assistance of Ryan Ridgely, is responsible for the content of the website. Content provided here is for educational and research purposes only, and may not be used for any commercial purpose without the permission of L. M. Witmer and other relevant parties.

This project was funded by grants from the National Science Foundation.

  Ohio University
College of Osteopathic Medicine
Irvine Hall, Athens, Ohio 45701
740-593-2530 740-597-2778 fax
 

Last updated: 12/06/2016