VANNEVAR BUSH

Vannevar Bush Slideshow
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Vannevar Bush was born on March 11, 1890 in Massachusetts. He was a determined child because he was bedridden for most of his young life. After his high school grauation he attended Tufts College to study engineering. In a short time, Vannevar earned a masters at Tufts College. "His academic success fueled his desire to do things his way not depending on others' rules." While attending Tufts, Vannevar invented a land surveying device called the profile tracer. This device looked like a lawnmower and did not catch on. After grauation, he got a job at General Electric testing electrical equipment, but got laid off. In 1914, Vannevar began teaching at Clark University, Tufts sister college, in Massachusetts. He decided to return to school in 1915 and pursue a doctorate degree at MIT. This degree took him less than a year to complete and then Vannevar returned to Tufts as an assistant professor. In 1917, during World War I, Bush created a device that would use a magnetic field to detect submarines, however the Navy did not want it. In 1919 Bush went to MIT's electrical department and by the 30's he was working on analog computers. Bush completed the first differential analyzer (a machine that was used to solve differential equations) in 1931.This machine influenced the development of analogue machines around the world. Then he worked on developing machines that would automate human thinking. Bush was turned down by the FBI for his thought of creating a machine that could review 1,000 fingerprints a minute. Bush then created a rapid selector that allowed a person to select documents which would project on a screen quickly. In 1937, Bush became the president of Carnegie Institution. In 1940, President Roosevelt agreed to create a the National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) after meeting with Bush and making him chairman. Shortly after the Office of Scientific Research and Development was created and Bush became the director. The work Bush did for these organizations helped the U.S. and its allies win the second world war. Bush published an address called 'As We May Think' in 1945. This gave him his place as a pioneer of the Internet. Betwen 1941 and 1945, Bush oversaw an number of scientific developments, including the refinement of radar, mass prodcution of penicillin, and the creation of the first atomic bomb. Bush returned to MIT in 1955 and retired in 1971. Bush is credited with the principles that helped create the modern hypertext research. Vannevar Bush died on June 30, 1974, he was 84 years old.




QUESTIONS
Where was Vannevar Bush's first job?
National Defense Research Committee
Tuffts College
General Electric
None of the above

What did Vannevar's ideas help create?
Hypertext
The Office of Scientific Research and Development
National Defense Research Committee
All of the above




Works Cited
Griffin, Scott. "Vannevar Bush." Internet Pioneers. Web. 4 Mar 2010. http://www.ibiblio.org/pioneers/bush.html#top
Redshaw, Kerry. "Vannevar Bush (1890 - 1974)." 1996. Web. 4 Mar 2010. http://www.kerryr.net/pioneers/bush.htm
MIT School of Engineering, . "Hypertext." Inventer of the Week. Sept 2002. Massachusetts Institut of Technology, Web. 4 Mar 2010. http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/bush.html


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