High Performance Computing and Communications Act of 1991

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The High Performance Computing and Communications Act of 1991 (HPCC) was a bill sponsored by Vice President Al Gore with the intent of establishing an "information infrastructure" that could secure a place for commercial computing in the public. It also was meant to allow the United States to retain a technological edge in the global market. The, so called, "Gore Bill" made it possible for the government and acedemic institutions to collaborate on the expansion of the internet and other computing systems, with a direct focus on a system that could be "for use for all Americans". Al Gore has had a long record of supporting technology and high speed comunication as a resource for both the economic and social growth of the United States. The bill provided for $1.75 billion over three years to finance a data network that could connect the national supercomputer centers. The funding of the NCSA lead to collaboration between scientists including Marc Andreessen who created Mosaic, the first commercial web browser that sparked the internet boom. According to Andreessen, Mosiac would have never happened with out the support of the HPCC.

The HPCC was Sen. Al Gore's biggest push as a public official to support computing technology. He had supported legislation to fund information technology since the 1970's including ARPAnet. Nicknames an "atari democrat" there were a number of democratic officials at the time who were willing to invest in the commercial application of computing technology. As vice president, Al Gore, supported what he called an 'information superhighway' to 'flood the economy with innovative goods and services'.

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