Crosslinguistic Influence Lab
Crosslinguistic influence (CLI)—or transfer—involves the way a person's knowledge of or experience as a speaker of one language affects the person's production, comprehension, and processing of another language. CLI can occur in multiple directions, such as from an L1 to an L2, from an L2 to an L3, from an L3 to an L2, and even from an L2 to an L1. CLI has furthermore been found to occur in all subsystems of language (e.g., phonology, lexis, morphology, syntax, semantics), though to varying degrees and subject to differing constraints. In addition to its occurrence in language use, CLI has also been found to be linked to areas of cognition associated with attention, perception, conceptual categorization, and conceptualization. The projects currently underway in this lab deal with the relationship between CLI, on the one hand, and cognition and conceptualization, on the other. Projects in the lab also deal with the nature of crosslinguistic similarity--as both an objective and psycholinguistic phenomenon—and its effects on second language acquisition and performance.