Professor of Geography
it's & its
- it's is a contraction for "it is"
- its is a possessive adjective (each corridor must be
own individual merit)
affect & effect
- "affect" is usually a verb meaning "to influence" (individual
far more affected by broad-scale human disturbance)
- "effect" is usually a noun meaning "result" (proper studies
understanding of the regional effect of past land use)
- The word "data" is plural ("data are," not "data is")
punctuation marks and quotation marks
semi-colons; & colons:
- In the American style, punctuation marks go inside
(the proposed approach involves a “risk analysis,” whereby the relative
success of conservation with and without corridors should be assessed
before any conservation plan is implemented.)
with a number
- A comma indicates a pause in the sentence. (For instance, there
(and no reason for a comma) in "Whereas, Gleason did not take such a
approach."). Use commas to link independent and dependent
or to separate items in a list (Given the lack of really rigorous
lack of data, and the fact that the effectiveness of corridors may be
they feel that each corridor must be looked at on its own individual
- "Although" is not a synonym for "therefore" or "however."
should not start with "Although, ..."
- Semi-colons link two independent clauses with no connecting words
approach transcends geographic scale; it is able to model both local
- Use a colon after a complete statement in order to introduce
ideas, such as a list (vegetation patterns emerge through the
of three templates: the physical environment, biotic processes, and
- If a number starts your sentence, write it out: "Eight
sites were located in..." instead of "8 sites were located in..."
- Latin names should be italicized; generally, the genus is
capitalized, the species name ("specific epithet") is not: Tsuga canadensis. You may
abbreviate the genus (T. canadensis),
you must first provide its full name earlier in the section.
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