"We are inclined to judge ourselves by our ideals; others by their acts."

- Harold Nicolson

Geoffrey L. Buckley

Professor, Department of Geography
Director of Studies, Environmental Studies Program, Honors Tutorial College
Director, Edinburgh: City and Environment Education Abroad Program

Ohio University
Clippinger Laboratories 104A
Athens, OH 45701-2979
(740) 593-9846 (phone)
(740) 593-1139 (fax)

Last updated: July 5, 2013

Baltimore Harbor

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Baltimore Harbor

Teaching and Research
Through my teaching and research I seek to uncover the threads that knit present-day environmental problems to past decisions, practices, and processes. One can argue that if we are to make wise decisions with regard to the environmental problems we face today, we must understand the complex web of human and physical processes that, over time, have contributed to their existence. I am particularly interested in urban sustainability; management of public lands, especially state forests and urban green spaces; environmental justice; and the evolution of mining landscapes. Although much of my early work focused on the social and environmental impacts of coal mining in Appalachia, my most recent efforts build on my association with the Long-Term Ecological Research - Baltimore Ecosystem Study (LTER-BES). More specifically, I am conducting urban green space and zoning research in support of this project. With regard to classes, I teach the following on a regular basis: GEOG 1400 (Introduction to Environmental Geography); GEOG 4470/5470 (Natural Resource Conservation); and GEOG 3330/5330 (Appalachia: Land and People). I also teach occasional seminars on urban green spaces and sustainability. In addition, each summer I lead an education abroad trip to Edinburgh, Scotland where I teach GEOG 4560/5560 (City and Environment).


Ph.D., Geography,  University of Maryland , 1997

M.A., Geography,  University of Oregon , 1992

B.A., Environmental Studies and American History, Connecticut College, 1987




Colten, C.E. and G.L. Buckley, eds. Forthcoming. North American Odyssey: Historical Geographies for the Twenty-First Century. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

Morrone, M. and G.L. Buckley, eds. 2011. Mountains of Injustice: Social and Environmental Justice in Appalachia. Athens: Ohio University Press.

Buckley, G.L. 2010. America's Conservation Impulse: A Century of Saving Trees in the Old Line State. Chicago: Center for American Places.

Buckley, G.L. 2004. Extracting Appalachia: Images of the Consolidation Coal Company, 1910 - 1945. Athens: Ohio University Press.


Articles and Book Chapters:

Buckley, G.L. Forthcoming. "Extracting Wealth from the Earth and Forest." In North American Odyssey: Historical Geographies for the Twenty-First Century, eds. C.E. Colten and G.L. Buckley. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Buckley, G.L., A.C. Whitmer, and J.M. Grove. Forthcoming. Parks, Trees, and Environmental Justice: Field Notes from Washington, DC. Applied Environmental Education & Communication.

Boone, C.G., G.L. Buckley, J.M. Grove, and M.J. Fragkias. In press. A long view of polluting industry and environmental justice in Baltimore. Cities.

Buckley, G.L. 2013. Urban Sustainability. In: Cities of North America: contemporary challenges in U.S. and Canadian cities, ed. L. Benton-Short. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Buckley, G.L. and L. Allen. 2011. Stories about Mountaintop Removal in the Appalachian Coalfields. In: Mountains of Injustice: Social and Environmental Equity in Appalachia, eds. M. Morrone and G.L. Buckley. Athens: Ohio University Press.

Pickett, S.T.A., G.L. Buckley, S.S. Kaushal, and Y. Williams. 2011. Ecological Science in the Humane Metropolis. Urban Ecosystems 14 (3): 319-339.

Buckley, G.L. and C.G. Boone. 2011. "To promote the material and moral welfare of the community": Neighborhood Improvement Associations in Baltimore, Maryland, 1900 - 1945. In: Environmental and Social Justice in the City: Historical Perspectives, eds. R. Rodger and G. Massard-Guilbaud. Cambridge: White Horse Press, 43-65.

Boone, C.G., M. Cadenasso, K. Schwartz, J.M. Grove, and G.L. Buckley. 2010. Landscape, vegetation characteristics, and group identity in an urban and suburban watershed: why the 60s matter. Urban Ecosystems 13(3):255-271.

Merse, C.L., G.L. Buckley, and C.G. Boone. 2009. Street Trees and Urban Renewal: A Baltimore Case Study.  The Geographical Bulletin 50(2):55-81.

Boone, C.G., G.L. Buckley, J.M. Grove, and C. Sister. 2009. Parks and People: An Environmental Justice Inquiry in Baltimore, Maryland.  Annals of the Association of American Geographers 99(4):767-787.

Morrone, M., B. Stuart, I. McHenry, and G.L. Buckley. 2009. The Challenge of Biofuels from the Perspective of Small-scale Producers. Energy Policy 37(2):522-530.

Wells, J., G.L. Buckley, and C.G. Boone. 2008. Separate but Equal? Desegregating Baltimore's Golf Courses. The Geographical Review 98(2):151-170.

Buckley, G.L., R.F. Bailey, and J.M. Grove. 2006. The Patapsco Forest Reserve: Establishing a “City Park” for Baltimore, 1907 – 1941.  Historical Geography 34:87-108.

Buckley, G.L., T.G. Anderson, and N.R. Bain. 2006. Living on the Fringe: A Geographic Profile of Appalachian Ohio.  In: Pittsburgh and the Appalachians: Cultural and Natural Resources in a Post-Industrial Age, eds. K. J. Patrick and J. L. Scarpaci, 178-190.  Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Buckley, G.L., N.R. Bain, and D.L. Swan. 2005.When the Lights Go Out in Cheshire.  The Geographical Review 95(4):537-555.

Buckley, G.L. 2004. History of Coal Mining in Appalachia. In: Encyclopedia of Energy, Volume 1, eds. Cutler J. Cleveland et al., 495-505.  San Diego: Elsevier, Inc.

Buckley, G.L., N.R. Bain, A.M. Luginbuhl, and M.L. Dyer. 2004. Adding an “Active Learning” Component to a Large Lecture Course. Journal of Geography103 (Number 6):231-237.

Buckley, G.L. and J.M. Grove. 2001. Sowing the Seeds of Forest Conservation: Fred Besley and the Maryland Story, 1906 - 1923. Maryland Historical Magazine 96 (Fall):303-327.

Buckley, G.L., T.G. Anderson, and N.R. Bain. 2000. Living on the Fringe: A Geographic Profile of Appalachian Ohio.  In: A Geographical View of Pittsburgh and the Alleghenies: Precambrian to Post  Industrial, eds. K. J. Patrick and J. L. Scarpaci.  Washington, DC: Association of American Geographers, 140-147.

Buckley, G.L. and T.G. Anderson. 1999. The Consolidation Coal Company Photograph Collection, 1910 - 1945.  Appalachian Journal: A Regional Studies Review 27 (1):62-83.

Buckley, G.L. 1998. The Environmental Transformation of an Appalachian Valley, 1850 - 1906. The Geographical Review 88(2):175-198.

Buckley, G.L. 1998. Converting Minerals Into Merchandise: Landownership and Environmental Alteration in the George's Creek Valley of Western Maryland, 1789 - 1842.  Historical Geography 26:151-175.

Buckley, G.L. and B. Burstein. 1996. When Coal Was King: The Consolidation Coal Company's Maryland Division Photographs. Maryland Historical Magazine 91(Fall):298-310.

Buckley, G.L. 1993. Desertification of the Camp Creek Drainage in Central Oregon. Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers 55:97-126.

Short Pieces:

Buckley, G.L. 2011. “Appalachian Consilience.” Roundtable Discussion of the Four-Part Documentary Film, Appalachia: A History of Mountains and people by James Agee. Appalachian Journal 38 (2&3): 252-254.

Buckley, G.L. 2007. Into the Woods.  In: Of Place (www.ohio.edu/provost/).

Korth, C.A. and G.L. Buckley. 2006. Leakin Park: Frederick Law Olmsted Jr.'s Critical Advice.  The Olmstedian 16(1, Fall).

Buckley, G.L. 2006. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.  In: Encyclopedia of Appalachia, eds. Jean Haskell and Rudy Abramson, 698-9.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Buckley, G.L. 2006. Maryland's State Parks.  In: Encyclopedia of Appalachia, eds. Jean Haskell and Rudy Abramson, 655-6.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Buckley, G.L. 2006. History of the Consolidation Coal Company.  In: Encyclopedia of Appalachia, eds. Jean Haskell and Rudy Abramson, 471-2.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Buckley, G.L. 2005. Black and Bountiful: The Gritty Heritage of Coal.  In: Geotourism MapGuide to Appalachia (www.nationalgeographic.com/appalachia/).

Book and Conference Reviews:

Buckley, G.L. 2013. Review of Blue Ridge Commons: Environmental Activism and Forest History in Western North Carolina by Kathryn Newfont. The South Carolina Historical Magazine.

Buckley, G.L. 2013. Review of Managing the Mountains: Land Use Planning, the New Deal, and the Creation of a Federal Landscape in Appalachia by Sara Gregg. H-net.

Buckley, G.L. 2012. Review of Politics of Urban Runoff: Nature, Technology, and the Sustainable City by Andrew Karvonen. Environmental History 17(3): 661-662.

Buckley, G.L. 2012. Review of Mine Towns: Buildings for Workers in Michigan's Copper Country by Alison K. Hoagland. Material Culture.

Buckley, G.L. 2006. Review of Landscape and Images by John R. Stilgoe.  Southeastern Geographer 46(2):336-338.

Buckley, G.L. 2005. Review of Changing Mines in America by Peter Goin and C. Elizabeth Raymond.  The Geographical Review 95(4):614-615.

Buckley, G.L. 2005. Review of Cumberland Island National Seashore: A History of Conservation Conflict by Lary M. Dilsaver. Journal of Cultural Geography 22(2):153-154.

Buckley, G.L. 2004. Review of To Save the Land & People: A History of Opposition to Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia by Chad Montrie. Environmental History 9(2):329-330.

Buckley, G.L. 2003. Review of The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History by Carolyn Merchant.  Environmental Conservation 30(3):313.

Buckley, G.L. 2003. Review of Cultural Encounters with the Environment: Enduring and Evolving Geographic Themes edited by Alexander B. Murphy and Douglas L. Johnson.  Material Culture 35(1):71-72.

Buckley, G.L. and T.G. Anderson. 2002. Review of annual Eastern Historical Geographers Association meeting, September 27-30, 2001 in Breckenridge, CO. Historical Geography 30:177-79.

Buckley, G.L. 2000. Review of Where There Are Mountains: An Environmental History of the Southern Appalachians by Donald Edward Davis.  The Geographical Review 90(July):457-59.

Buckley, G.L. and C.E. Colten. 2000. Review of annual American Society for Environmental History meeting, April 14-18, 1999 in Tucson, AZ. Historical Geography 28:255-56.

Buckley, G.L. 1998. Review of Landscapes of Promise: The Oregon Story 1800 - 1940 by William G. Robbins. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 88(December):743-45.

______. 1997. Review of Common Ground: The Struggle for Ownership of the Black Hills National Forest by Martha E. Geores. American Studies International XXXV (October):90.

______. 1996. Review of In Quest of Mineral Wealth: Aboriginal and Colonial Mining and Metallurgy in Spanish America edited by Alan K. Craig and Robert C. West.  Journal of Historical Geography 22 (July):354-5.

______. 1996. Review of Dividing the Land: Early American Beginnings of Our Private Property Mosaic by Edward T. Price. American Studies International XXXIV (April):85-6.

Buckley, G. L. and K. T. Swears. 1996. Review of Appalachia's Path to Dependency: Rethinking a Region's Economic History, 1730-1940 by Paul Salstrom. Journal of Historical Geography 22 (April):234-36.


Buckley, G.L. and M.J. Rubin. 1998. "Northwestern Virginia in Late Colonial Era." In: George Washington and the Virginia Backcountry, ed. Warren R. Hofstra. Madison: Madison House Publishers, Inc.

Rubin, M.J. and G.L. Buckley. 1998. "George Washington's World." In: George Washington and the Virginia Backcountry, ed. Warren R. Hofstra. Madison: Madison House Publishers, Inc.


"Impervious but Not Permanent: Asphalt Removal in Baltimore, Maryland," Ohio University Baker Award, $6,132 (7/1/11 - 3/30/13), G.L. Buckley, (P.I.)

“Baltimore Ecosystem Study Phase III: Adaptive Processes in the Baltimore Socio-Ecological System from the Sanitary to the Sustainable City,” National Science Foundation, $5,640,000 (2010 – 2016), S.T.A. Pickett (P.I.) and others (co-P.I.).

"A Longitudinal Analysis of the Social Dynamics of Environmental Equity in Baltimore," National Science Foundation, $749,487 (9/1/06 - 8/30/09), C.G. Boone (P.I.), G.L. Buckley (co-P.I.), J.M. Grove (co-P.I.), C.P. Lord (co-P.I.), and A.R. Troy (co-P.I.)

"Cradle of Conservation: State Forestry in Maryland, 1906 - 1960," U.S.D.A. Forest Service, $5,000 (9/1/05 - 12/31/06), G.L. Buckley (P.I.)

"State Forestry in Maryland: A Historical Examination," Maryland Forestry Association, $6,000 (9/1/05 - 12/31/06), G.L. Buckley (P.I.)

"Human Settlements as Ecosystems: Metropolitan Baltimore from 1797 - 2100: PHASE II," National Science Foundation, $4,920,000 (2004 - 2010), S.T.A.Pickett (P.I.) and others (co-P.I.).

"Expanding Active Learning in Geography 201," Trustees of the Ohio University Foundation, Undergraduate Learning Pool of the 1804 Endowment, $19,924 (7/22/02 - 6/30/04), C.G. Boone (P.I.) and G.L. Buckley (co-P.I.)

"NSF Proposal 'Seed' Money," Institute for Ecosystem Studies, $5,000 (1/15/01 - 6/15/01), C.G. Boone (P.I.) and G.L. Buckley (co-P.I.)


Transformative Faculty Award, 2010-2011
Office of Nationally Competitive Awards Faculty Service Award for 2009

Ohio University's Vision Ohio Excellence Award for 2008

College of Arts and Science’s Jeanette Grasselli Brown Faculty Teaching Award for 2002-03

Inducted into Alpha Lambda Delta (Honors Society for First Year Students) in 2002 for outstanding teaching and guidance.


     Graduate Students Advised

Aaron Mueller (2013), James Lloyd (2012), Kylie Johnson (2012), Phillip Wilson (2012), Meghan Rodier (2012), Jessie Soye (2011), Michael Battaglia (2010), Michelle Corrigan (2010), Erin Pierce (2010), Michelle Chevalier (2009), Andrew Giguere (2009), Erin McCarty (2007), Carolyn Rizzuto (2006), James Wells (2006), Cassandra Korth (2005), Cynthia Merse (2005), L. Scott Deaner (2004), Aaron Dumont (2004), Zeenatunisia Sheikh (2004), Mamta Kumari Singh (2004), Jonathon Bartlett (2003), Shan Li (2003), Tamara Melton (2003), Shannon Milanowski (2002)

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