CERN and how it impacted the Internet

- The World Wide Web was created in CERN -

Tim Berners-Lee, who was a British scientist working at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research), invented the World Wide Web in 1989. The web was originally developed to make information sharing easier between universities as well as between science labs such as CERN. CERN isn't just one lab but it's a whole community with over thousands of scientists from over multiple countries. Most of the time the scientists work at colleges and laboratories in their own countries. That is why Tim Berners-Lee wanted to develop some sort of information sharing system. The basic idea of the World Wide Web was to merge the technologies of computers, networking and hypertext into a strong and simplistic global information system

- How Tim Berners-Lee and CERN created and - distributed the World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee first had the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 when working at CERN. In early November in the year 1990 Tim Berners-Lee published what would be the outline of the important concepts and terms behind the web. The document described a project where a bunch of text and images would be viewable by browsers with all the documents linking together. He created HTML which stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is the standard for the Web, allowing you to link other documents to your page. He created URI which stands for Uniform Resource Identifier which grants an address that is different for each computer. He also created HTTP which stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol which allows people to retrieve links over the Web.

In early 1991, the World Wide Web beta was released to the scientists working at CERN. It included a very basic browser, software to manage a web server and also included tools to build their own software for publishing on the web. In early 1993, CERN released the source code of the World Wide Web for free allowing anyone to create software. This decision by CERN changed the entire course of human history by establishing the free flow of information on the internet. CERN later transferred control of the World Wide Web to the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) run by Tim Berners-Lee and a staff in a joint effort at MIT, Keio University in Japan, and INRIA (French National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Controls).

- Sources -

When CERN Was Invented
First Website by CERN Put Back Online
History of the World Wide Web

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