Ellen Quandelacy (1924-2002)

Known as both a fetish carver and a jeweler, Ellen Quandelacy learned to carve from her father, Johnny Quam. Her sister, Annie Gasper Quam, was a well-known jeweler. Ellen had four daughters (Albenita, Faye, Sandra and Georgiann) and six sons (Andres, Avery, Barlow, Dickie, Wilmer, and Stewart), most of whom are carvers or jewelers today.

Perhaps best known for her channel inlay work, Ellen originated the double hummingbird inlay design that is still used by her children. She made jewelry with her husband Dixie Quandelacy (1908-1979) for many years. Later turning to carving, she became known for horse fetishes carved in the old style.

Ellen and her children are credited with numerous innovations in fetish carving. Among them is the "grandmother" fetish necklace, a necklace that includes fetishes carved by multiple family members. At the urging of daughter Faye, Ellen and her sons and daughters created the first one for her granddaughter Talia, each contributing a fetish that represented their individual specialty. This form of necklace has become a popular collector's item.

Ellen Quandelacy engraved or stamped her work with E. Q.


Ellen Quandelacy (Zuni)
Hair pin
Silver and Blue Gem turquoise
1959
3.75 in. long
KMA 89.016.455
 

Links:

http://www.adobegallery.com/artist.php?artist_id=719
http://www.amerindianarts.us/quandelacy.shtml
http://southwestsilvergallery.com/artistbio.asp

Sources:
Bell, Ed and Barbara. Zuni: The Art and the People, vol. 2. Dallas, Tex.: Taylor Publishing, Inc., 1976, p. 44.
Cirillo, Dexter. Southwestern Indian Jewelry. New York: Abbeville Press, 1992, p. 58-59, 61, 63, 234.
McManis, Kent. A Guide to Zuni Fetishes and Carvings. Tucson, Ariz.: Treasure Chest Books, 1995, p. 28, 43.
McManis, Kent. Zuni Fetish Carvers of the 1970s: A Bridge from Past to Present. Santa Fe: Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian, 2006, p. 29-31, 81.
McManis, Kent. A Guide to Zuni Fetishes and Carvings, Volume II: The Materials & the Carvers. Tucson: Treasure Chest Books, 1998, p. 44.
McManis, Kent. Zuni Fetishes & Carvings, one-volume, expanded edition. Tucson: Rio Nuevo Publishers, 2004, p. 31, 89, 90, 103.
Ostler, James, Marian Rodee, and Milford Nahohai. Zuni: A Village of Silversmiths. Zuni, N.Mex.: A:Shiwi Publishing, 1996, p. 93, 98.
Rodee, Marian and James Ostler. The Fetish Carvers of Zuni. Albuquerque: The Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, The University of New Mexico; and Zuni, NM: The Pueblo of Zuni Arts and Crafts, 1990, p. 60-61, 80.
Schaaf, Gregory. American Indian Jewelry I: 1,200 Artist Biographies. Santa Fe, N.Mex.: CIAC Press, 2003, p. 266.
Slaney, Deborah. Blue Gem, White Metal. Phoenix, Ariz.: The Heard Museum, 1998.
Wright, Barton. Hallmarks of the Southwest. Atglen, Pa.: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 2000, p. 142.