In an effort to help preserve the well-being of the Ohio University community, the content of this site provides answers to frequently asked questions about the influenza virus and the University's response to it.
What is the flu?
What are the symptoms?
How can I tell the difference between the cold and the flu?
|Cold||H1N1 Flu||Seasonal Flu|
|Fever||Adults, uncommon Children, more likely||present, >100F,(as high as 105F or more)||characteristic, high (102-104F); lasts 3-4 days|
|Cough, chest discomfort||mild to moderate; hacking cough||common; can become severe||common; can become severe|
|Runny or stuffy nose||common||present||sometimes|
|General aches, pains||slight||present||usual; often severe|
|Fatigue, weakness||quite mild||extreme||can last up to 2-3 weeks|
|Adults >65||any age group||uncommon||present|
|Adults <65||any age group||present||present|
|Age of highest incidence||any age group||5-24||<5 and >65|
How does the flu spread?
Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing by people with influenza. Sometimes people may become infected by touching something — such as a surface or object — with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth, eyes or nose.
How long can a person spread the flu to others?
How many people are affected by the flu?
- Five to 20 percent of the population get the flu each year
- More than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu-related complications each year
- Deaths each year range from 3,000 to 49,000 with an average of 23,600 deaths each year
Can I still get H1N1?
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) officially declared an end to the H1N1 pandemic in July 2010. This does not mean that the H1N1 virus has gone away. Based on experience with past pandemics, these agencies expect the H1N1 virus to take on the behavior of a seasonal influenza virus and continue to circulate for some years to come. The 2012–13 seasonal flu vaccine protects against one strain of the H1N1 virus.
Are the symptoms for H1N1 different from the regular seasonal flu?
The symptoms are similar to the seasonal flu, but they may be more severe. Additional symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea. The 2012–13 seasonal flu vaccine protects against a strain of the H1N1 virus.