Ohio University: Center for Teaching & Learning Conversations About Learning Outcomes
“Objectives and Outcomes” – James Atherton, National Teaching Fellowship Scheme.
Atherton provides common-sense advice about keeping our teaching and learning aims in the forefront of our learning objectives / learning outcomes conversations and planning. For example:
“The aim is the point of the whole thing…. The aim is almost certainly more than the sum of the Objectives, and regardless of what many people say, the Aim is what matters. It is the End, and all the rest is just Means.”
…. “It is important not to let the tail of defining the objectives wag the dog of the aims of the course or session.”
“Assessing History: Can We Know Our “Outcomes”? – Norman L. Jones
From the Forum on Assessment in the March 2009 issue of Perspectives on History, American Historical Association.
“The Uses of Learning Outcomes” – Trevor Hussey & Patrick Smith, Teaching in Higher Education, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2003, pp. 357-368.
“We require a broader, flexible and more realistic understanding of learning outcomes, better suited to the realities of the classroom and of practical use to those teachers who wish to respond to the enthusiasm of their students.” (from the Abstract)